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1 {{box cssClass="floatinginfobox" title="**Contents**"}}
2 {{toc/}}
3 {{/box}}
4
5 Fast auto design and check are available to find the most suitable timber bar cross-sections and panel types.
6
7 The table summarizes the available timber design features by FEM-Design module.
8
9 (% class="table-hover" style="width:749px" %)
10 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:181px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Design element type**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:183px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Design feature**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:131px" %)(((
11 (% style="text-align:center" %)
12 [[image:1585567535192-424.png]]
13 )))|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:130px" %)(((
14 (% style="text-align:center" %)
15 [[image:1585567539811-401.png]]
16 )))|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:121px" %)(((
17 (% style="text-align:center" %)
18 [[image:1585567547551-783.png]]
19 )))
20 |(% style="width:181px" %)[[image:1585567589528-997.png]] //Timber Bar//|(% style="width:183px" %)//Auto design//|(% style="text-align:center; width:131px" %)[[image:1585567785526-451.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:130px" %)[[image:1585567789385-212.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:121px" %)[[image:1585567791998-123.png]]
21 |(% style="width:181px" %) |(% style="width:183px" %)//Manual design//|(% style="text-align:center; width:131px" %)[[image:1585567787527-322.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:130px" %)[[image:1585567799189-610.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:121px" %)[[image:1585567797847-865.png]]
22 |(% style="width:181px" %)[[image:1585567599610-278.png]] //Timber Panel//|(% style="width:183px" %)//Auto design//|(% style="text-align:center; width:131px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:130px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:121px" %)[[image:1585567796216-305.png]]
23 |(% style="width:181px" %) |(% style="width:183px" %)//Manual design//|(% style="text-align:center; width:131px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:130px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:121px" %)[[image:1585567794801-156.png]]
24
25 Table: Timber design features by FEM-Design module
26
27 = {{id name="Load-Duration Classes"/}}Load-Duration Classes =
28
29 Based on Eurocode 5 (EN 1995-1-1:2004), load-duration classes can be taken into account in the //Timber// //design//.
30
31 The load-duration classes are characterized by the effect of constant load acting for a certain period of time in the life of the structure. For a variable action the appropriate class shall be determined on the basis of an estimate of the typical variation of the load with time.
32
33 Actions shall be assigned to one of the load-duration classes given for strength and stiffness calculations.
34
35 (% border="1" style="width:768px" %)
36 |=(% scope="row" style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); width: 164px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Load-duration class|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); width: 387px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Order of accumulated duration of characteristic load**|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); width: 214px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Examples of loading**
37 |=(% style="width: 164px;" %)Permanent|(% style="width:387px" %)More than 10 years|(% style="width:214px" %)Dead load
38 |=(% style="width: 164px;" %)Long-term|(% style="width:387px" %)6 months – 10 years|(% style="width:214px" %)Storage
39 |=(% style="width: 164px;" %)Medium-term|(% style="width:387px" %)1 week – 6 months|(% style="width:214px" %)Imposed floor load, snow
40 |=(% style="width: 164px;" %)Short-term|(% style="width:387px" %)less than one week|(% style="width:214px" %)Snow, wind
41 |=(% style="width: 164px;" %)Instantaneous|(% style="width:387px" %) |(% style="width:214px" %)Wind, accidental load
42
43 Table: Load-duration classes and examples of load-duration assignment (EN 1995-1-1:2004)
44
45
46 |(% style="width:120px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1370px" %)Since climatic loads (snow, wind) vary between countries, the assignment of load-duration classes may be specified in the National annex.
47
48 |(((
49 [[image:1585568088172-114.png]]
50 )))|Loads can be assigned to load-duration classes with the [[//Load cases//>>doc:Manuals.User Manual.Loads.WebHome||anchor="Load cases"]] command in the [[image:1585568112061-308.png]] //Tabmenu//.
51
52 [[image:1585568075545-537.png]]
53
54 Figure: Load cases and load-duration classes
55
56 = {{id name="Timber Bar"/}}Timber Bar =
57
58 Global** **//Auto (timber bar) design// (//Calculate > Design calculations > Auto design all structural elements//) finds the most suitable cross-section (from the profile range set at //Auto design > Parameters//) for all timber bars (columns, beams and truss members) based on their initial calculation parameters, internal forces and detailed utilization calculations. With //Manual design// you can run quick utilization check for given profiles by bar elements and/or design groups. You can also do quick //Auto design// by elements and design groups only instead of global design. Of course, any number of design cycles is executable, so the global //Auto design// can be combined with both previous and additional element-based //Auto designs//.
59
60 (% style="width:773px" %)
61 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:51px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**No.**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:237px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global timber bar design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:245px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based timber design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:237px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Combined timber design**
62 |(% style="width:51px" %)1|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568277471-663.png]] Calculation parameters|(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568294649-630.png]] Global //Analysis//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568305280-777.png]] Calculation parameters
63 |(% style="width:51px" %)2|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568283625-592.png]] //Design group//|(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568301211-704.png]] Calculation parameters|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568288642-927.png]] //Design group//
64 |(% style="width:51px" %)3|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568337842-761.png]] [[image:1585568422160-545.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//|(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568286969-293.png]] //Design group//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568345505-573.png]] [[image:1585568427293-597.png]] Design //Parameters//
65 |(% style="width:51px" %)4|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568329524-956.png]] Global //Auto design//|(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568340952-966.png]] [[image:1585568424103-406.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568415737-427.png]] Global //Auto design//
66 |(% style="width:51px" %)5|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568317303-546.png]] //Documentation//|(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568342457-825.png]] [[image:1585568433618-565.png]] //Auto design// by elements|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568356036-155.png]] [[image:1585568425542-915.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//
67 |(% style="width:51px" %)6|(% style="width:237px" %) |(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568454606-396.png]] //Manual// //design// by elements|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568408106-114.png]] [[image:1585568436192-169.png]] //Auto design// by elements
68 |(% style="width:51px" %)7|(% style="width:237px" %) |(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568446953-768.png]] //Apply design changes//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568441613-443.png]] //Manual design// by elements
69 |(% style="width:51px" %)8|(% style="width:237px" %) |(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568325452-526.png]] Global //Check//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568448775-837.png]] //Apply design changes//
70 |(% style="width:51px" %)9|(% style="width:237px" %) |(% style="width:245px" %)[[image:1585568315024-933.png]] //Documentation//|(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568324252-720.png]] Global //Check//
71 |(% style="width:51px" %)10|(% style="width:237px" %) |(% style="width:245px" %) |(% style="width:237px" %)[[image:1585568318577-564.png]] //Documentation//
72
73 Table: Recommended steps by design alternatives
74
75 == Initial Calculation and Design Parameters ==
76
77 All bar design calculations needs internal forces from //Analysis// calculations applied for //Load combinations// or //Load-groups//, [[image:1585568488193-104.png]] //Buckling length// and initial design settings defined by [[image:1585568495719-721.png]] //Design calculation parameters//.
78
79 [[image:1585568557865-972.png]]
80
81 Figure: Design calculation parameters
82
83 == Auto Design ==
84
85
86 |(((
87 [[image:1585568572597-786.png]]
88 )))|Global// Auto design// gives utilization results and suitable profiles for all timber bars of the current project from a defined range of cross-sections.
89
90 [[image:1585568590742-994.png]]
91
92 Figure: Global Auto design and utilization result
93
94 |(% style="width:91px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1399px" %)(((
95 The recommended profile names can be displayed on screen by showing the “//Timber bar, applied quantity//” object layer, or click [[image:1585568770762-374.png]] //Design// tool of the //Auto design// and the parameters together with utilization results are available in table format. Utilization as colored figure (color palette) can be displayed by selecting //New result > Timber bar > Utilization//.
96 )))
97
98 Applied profiles are displayed in blue in the //Utilization// table, if they are assigned to the timber bars during design, otherwise black color represents the original/initial profiles.
99
100 |(% style="width:91px" %)[[image:1585568792084-334.png]]|(% style="width:1399px" %)(((
101 Element-based //Auto design// finds the most suitable profile of timber columns, beams and bars for selected unique or grouped members only from a range of available profiles defined by [[image:1585568808304-519.png]] //Parameters//. The design utilization can be limited between 10% and 100% with //Limit utilization//.
102 )))
103
104 [[image:1585568819449-166.png]]
105
106 Figure: Range of available profiles for design
107
108 To run element-based design for the load combinations or the maximum of load groups, select the required members and/or group with the //Auto design// command and click [[image:1585568829094-751.png]] //Design// tool. The quick process results recommended profiles and their utilization. Check the //Display table// box to have a look at the overall design results (see the figure before).
109
110 The upper table shows the design efficiency and the maximal utilization of the designed single members and groups based on the given design parameters. The bottom table displays the utilization details of the bar or the members of the group selected in the upper table.
111
112 (% class="table-hover" style="width:978px" %)
113 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:148px" %) |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:442px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Meaning**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:385px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Note**
114 |(% style="width:148px" %)[[image:1585568837300-375.png]]|(% style="width:442px" %)Suitable profile is available|(% style="width:385px" %)
115 |(% style="width:148px" %)[[image:1585568842439-743.png]]|(% style="width:442px" %)Suitable profile is not available|(% style="width:385px" %)Modify the range of available profiles or timber materials
116 |(% style="width:148px" %)Group|(% style="width:442px" %)ID of a single bar or a group name|(% style="width:385px" %)
117 |(% style="width:148px" %)Design parameters|(% style="width:442px" %)The defined range of available profiles|(% style="width:385px" %)
118 |(% style="width:148px" %)Applied profile|(% style="width:442px" %)Profile currently assigned to the bar|(% style="width:385px" %)
119 |(% style="width:148px" %)Max|(% style="width:442px" %)Max. utilization of a single bar or the significant member of a group|(% style="width:385px" %)
120 |(% style="width:148px" %)Min|(% style="width:442px" %)Max. utilization of the less significant group member|(% style="width:385px" %)
121 |(% style="width:148px" %)Bar|(% style="width:442px" %)ID of a single bar or a group member|(% style="width:385px" %)
122 |(% style="width:148px" %)T|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for combined bending and axial tension|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.2.3
123 |(% style="width:148px" %)C|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for combined bending and axial compression|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.1.4, 6.2.4
124 |(% style="width:148px" %)S|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for combined shear and torsion|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.1.7, 6.1.8
125 |(% style="width:148px" %)FB1|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for flexural buckling around axis 1|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.3.2
126 |(% style="width:148px" %)FB2|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for flexural buckling around axis 2|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.3.2
127 |(% style="width:148px" %)LTB|(% style="width:442px" %)Utilization for lateral torsional buckling|(% style="width:385px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.3.3
128
129 Table: The meaning of symbols, design parameters and utilization results
130
131 Quick redesign can be done inside the //Utilization// table:
132
133 1. Select a bar or a design group in the upper table.
134 1. Modify the range of available profiles for the select element under //Parameters//.
135 1. Click //Design//.
136
137 //Save /load default sections//
138
139 For each section type (e.g. Dressed lumber, Glulam, etc.) a set of sections can be saved/loaded as default.
140
141 [[image:1585568935264-404.png]]
142
143 This will only work with //one type// cross-section (e.g. only Glulam, or only Sawn lumber) selected. Otherwise, with //Save// command, the user can save a set of arbitrary sections into a file, and use them later for another model by //Load// command.
144
145 == Manual Design ==
146
147
148 |(((
149 [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image019.png||alt="icon_manualdesign2"]]
150 )))
151
152 With //Manual design// quick utilization check can be done for given timber profile and for selected timber beam, column, bar or design group only. Just, choose the load type (load combination or load group) and a profile name from the drop-down lists and select a bar, bars or group, and program displays detailed utilization results in table format.
153
154 [[image:1585569003612-119.png]]
155
156 Figure: Quick check by Manual design
157
158 |(% style="width:120px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1370px" %)The meaning of the utilization components, the table content and features are the same as written before at //Auto design//. The program use the chosen profile for all selected bar elements.
159
160 == Detailed Result ==
161
162 Utilization of timber bars can be displayed in the following cases:
163
164 * After global //Auto design//, you can display utilization of all timber bars checked for the recommended profiles.
165 * When running element-based //Auto design//, utilization can be displayed by designed elements.
166 * After //Manual design//, element-based //Check// displays utilization for selected elements.
167 * After global //Check// done for all bar elements having final cross-section.
168
169 (% style="width:1376px" %)
170 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)No.|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:457px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global Auto design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:205px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based Auto des.**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:204px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based Check**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:463px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global Check**
171 |1|(% style="width:457px" %)[[image:1585569049246-495.png]] //Calculate>Design calculation>Auto design all structural elements//|(% style="width:205px" %)[[image:1585569099302-291.png]] //Auto design//|(% style="width:204px" %)(((
172 [[image:1585569103701-188.png]] //Auto design// and/or
173
174 [[image:1585569112371-834.png]] //Manual design//
175 )))|(% style="width:463px" %)(((
176 [[image:1585569105956-992.png]] //Auto design// and/or
177
178 [[image:1585569114179-915.png]] //Manual design//
179 )))
180 |2|(% style="width:457px" %)(((
181 [[image:1585569061287-259.png]] //New result > Timber bar//
182 )))|(% style="width:205px" %)[[image:1585569072453-779.png]] //New result >Timber bar//|(% style="width:204px" %)[[image:1585569125075-613.png]] //Check//|(% style="width:463px" %)[[image:1585569119919-730.png]] Apply changes
183 |3|(% style="width:457px" %) |(% style="width:205px" %) |(% style="width:204px" %)(((
184 [[image:1585569075089-516.png]] //New result > Timber bar//
185 )))|(% style="width:463px" %)[[image:1585569130850-485.png]] //Calculate > Design calculation > Auto design all structural elements//
186 |4|(% style="width:457px" %) |(% style="width:205px" %) |(% style="width:204px" %) |(% style="width:463px" %)(((
187 [[image:1585569076625-251.png]] //New result > Timber bar//
188 )))
189
190 Table: Steps of displaying timber bar utilization by different design cases
191
192
193 |(((
194 [[image:1585569172532-147.png]]
195 )))|Utilization displayed with //New result// appears for all designed bars. The utilization components for a bar/design group can be displayed with //Detailed result//.
196
197 //Detailed result// opens a new window in the current project after selecting a bar/group member, which displays:
198
199 * **Applied cross-section**
200 The figure displays the applied timber cross-section with its main calculation parameters.
201 \\[[image:1585569196268-519.png]]
202 \\Figure: Applied cross-section
203
204 * **Detailed calculation formulas**
205 Calculation details and final values are collected by checking types: //Combined bending and axial tension// (Eurocode5: 6.2.3), //Combined bending and axial compression// (6.1.4, 6.2.4), //Combined shear and torsion// (6.1.7, 6.1.8), //Flexural buckling around axis 1 //and //2 //(6.3.2) and //Lateral torsional buckling// (6.3.3). The proper results are displayed in green, while the red result warnings you to repeat design with new bar properties. The content of the utilization checks depends on //Display options//. Not relevant checks can also be hidden.
206 * **Summary graph**
207 //Summary// graph is displayed with legend by default. Numeric values can be inquired in the calculation sections (set by //Design calculation parameters//).
208 \\[[image:1585569221742-479.png]]
209 \\Figure: Utilization checks, formulas and summary
210
211 [[image:1585569238918-392.png]]// Tabmenu// contains the following tools and settings:
212
213 * **Selection of element to display**
214 You can choose a unique or a design group member from the drop-down lists to display its detailed results mentioned before. Each row displays the ID and the maximum utilization of a member. In case of a design group, “Maximum” means the significant member having the maximum utilization.
215 * **Selection of design load**
216 Depending on timber design was done for load combinations or load groups, a load combination or the maximum or a significant component of load groups can be selected for detailed results. Each row displays the name of the load combination/load group component and its utilization effect. “Maximum” means the significant load combination or component of load groups.
217 * [[image:1585569528985-957.png]] **Auto design**
218 \\Quick //Auto design// can be done for the currently displayed unique/group member. Its design parameters can be set/modified in the appearing dialog, and then clicking //OK// starts timber design that updates all detailed result figures and formulas.
219
220 * [[image:1585569566814-684.png]] **Manual design**
221 \\//Manual design// can be launched directly for the currently displayed unique/group member.
222
223 * [[image:1585569607268-997.png]] **Display options**
224 \\The content and the appearance of the detailed result can be set with //Display options//. You can show only the final equation without details of the different checks (//Hide details//).
225 \\[[image:1585569631622-596.png]]
226 Figure: Display options of Detailed result
227
228 * [[image:1585569657689-790.png]] **Go to**
229 \\Navigate in the detailed result window by selecting the required design type in the drop-down list. It is useful when you are in zoomed view.
230
231 [[image:1585569685742-398.png]] Click //Tools > Add view to document// to place all figures, fomulas and summary table or specified details only into //Documentation//.
232
233 = {{id name="Timber Panel"/}}Timber Panel =
234
235 Global** **//Auto (timber panel) design// (//Calculate > Design calculations > Auto design all structural elements//) finds the most suitable type (from panel type range set at //Auto design > Parameters//) for all timber panels (plates and walls) based on internal forces and detailed utilization calculations. With //Manual design// you can run quick utilization check for given panel types by elements and/or design groups. You can also do quick //Auto design// by elements and design groups only instead of global design. Of course, any number of design cycles is executable, so the global //Auto design// can be combined with both previous and additional element-based //Auto designs//.**   **
236
237 |(% style="width:108px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1382px" %)To define a timber panel (slab or wall) read more at //Timber Panel Element//.
238
239 (% style="width:843px" %)
240 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:51px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)No.|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:266px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global timber panel design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:224px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based timber design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:299px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Combined timber design**
241 |(% style="width:51px" %)1|(% style="width:266px" %)[[image:1585569782863-347.png]] //Design group//|(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569815852-451.png]] Global //Analysis//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569787500-511.png]] //Design group//
242 |(% style="width:51px" %)2|(% style="width:266px" %)[[image:1585569796716-815.png]] [[image:1585569840599-579.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//|(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569784927-430.png]] //Design group//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569802194-695.png]] [[image:1585569845156-647.png]] Design //Parameters//
243 |(% style="width:51px" %)3|(% style="width:266px" %)[[image:1585569813382-363.png]] Global //Auto design//|(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569798305-780.png]] [[image:1585569842779-912.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569818980-178.png]] Global //Auto design//
244 |(% style="width:51px" %)4|(% style="width:266px" %)[[image:1585569831643-884.png]] //Documentation//|(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569800427-126.png]] [[image:1585569872149-336.png]] //Auto design// by elements|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569803894-613.png]] [[image:1585569847037-361.png]] //Auto design > Parameters//
245 |(% style="width:51px" %)5|(% style="width:266px" %) |(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569864911-795.png]] //Manual// //design// by elements|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569806601-153.png]] [[image:1585569900081-243.png]] //Auto design// by elements
246 |(% style="width:51px" %)6|(% style="width:266px" %) |(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569857814-526.png]] //Apply design changes//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569866574-917.png]] //Manual design// by elements
247 |(% style="width:51px" %)7|(% style="width:266px" %) |(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569823396-236.png]] Global //Check//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569859750-196.png]] //Apply design changes//
248 |(% style="width:51px" %)8|(% style="width:266px" %) |(% style="width:224px" %)[[image:1585569833219-990.png]] //Documentation//|(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569825484-464.png]] Global //Check//
249 |(% style="width:51px" %)9|(% style="width:266px" %) |(% style="width:224px" %) |(% style="width:299px" %)[[image:1585569834966-658.png]] //Documentation//
250
251 Table: Recommended steps by design alternatives
252
253 == Auto Design ==
254
255 [[image:1585569961949-288.png]] Global// Auto design// gives utilization results and suitable panel type for all timber panels of the current project from a defined range of panel types.
256
257 [[image:1585569937333-642.png]]
258
259 Figure: Global Auto design and utilization result
260
261 |(% style="width:88px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1402px" %)(((
262 The recommended panel type names can be displayed on screen by showing the “//Timber panel, applied quantity//” object layer, or click [[image:1585569999526-645.png]] //Design// tool of the //Auto design// and the parameters together with utilization results are available in table format. Utilization as colored figure (color palette) can be displayed by selecting //New result > Timber panel > Utilization//.
263 )))
264
265 Applied panel types are displayed in blue in the //Utilization// table, if they are assigned to the timber panels during design, otherwise black color represents the original/initial types.
266
267 [[image:1585570013988-380.png]] Element-based //Auto design// finds the most suitable type of timber panels for selected unique or grouped members only from a range of available types defined by [[image:1585570028135-503.png]] //Parameters//.
268
269 [[image:1585570033635-298.png]]
270
271 Figure: Range of available timber panels for design
272
273 To run element-based design for the load combinations or the maximum of load groups, select the required members and/or group with the //Auto design// command and click [[image:1585570050865-452.png]] //Design// tool. The quick process results recommended panel types and their utilization. Check the //Display table// box to have a look at the overall design results (see before).
274
275 The upper table shows the design efficiency and the maximal utilization of the designed single panel element and groups based on internal forces. The bottom table displays the utilization details of the panel or the panel members of the group selected in the upper table.
276
277 (% class="table-hover" style="width:986px" %)
278 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:141px" %) |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:448px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Meaning**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:394px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Note**
279 |(% style="width:141px" %)[[image:1585570057464-429.png]]|(% style="width:448px" %)Suitable panel is available|(% style="width:394px" %)
280 |(% style="width:141px" %)[[image:1585570061802-425.png]]|(% style="width:448px" %)Suitable panel is not available|(% style="width:394px" %)Modify the range of available panels or timber materials
281 |(% style="width:141px" %)Group|(% style="width:448px" %)ID of a single panel or a group name|(% style="width:394px" %)
282 |(% style="width:141px" %)Design parameters|(% style="width:448px" %)The defined range of available panels|(% style="width:394px" %)
283 |(% style="width:141px" %)Applied type|(% style="width:448px" %)Panel type currently assigned to the panel|(% style="width:394px" %)
284 |(% style="width:141px" %)Max|(% style="width:448px" %)Max. utilization of a single panel or the significant member of a group|(% style="width:394px" %)
285 |(% style="width:141px" %)Min|(% style="width:448px" %)Max. utilization of the less significant group member|(% style="width:394px" %)
286 |(% style="width:141px" %)Panel|(% style="width:448px" %)ID of a single panel or a group member|(% style="width:394px" %)
287 |(% style="width:141px" %)Sx+ / Sy+|(% style="width:448px" %)Utilization for x/y-directional tension|(% style="width:394px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.2.3
288 |(% style="width:141px" %)Sx- / Sy-|(% style="width:448px" %)Utilization for x/y-directional compression|(% style="width:394px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.1.4, 6.2.4
289 |(% style="width:141px" %)Txy|(% style="width:448px" %)Utilization for shear, xy|(% style="width:394px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.1.7
290 |(% style="width:141px" %)Tx / Ty|(% style="width:448px" %)Utilization for shear, xz /yz|(% style="width:394px" %)According to Eurocode 5: 6.1.7
291
292 Table: The meaning of symbols, design parameters and utilization results
293
294 Quick redesign can be done inside the //Utilization// table:
295
296 1. Select a panel or a design group in the upper table.
297 1. Modify the range of available panel types for the select element under //Parameters//.
298 1. Click //Design//.
299
300 == Manual Design ==
301
302 [[image:1585570137928-454.png]] With //Manual design// quick utilization check can be done for given types of selected timber panels or their design groups only. Just, choose the load type (load combination or load group) and a type name from the drop-down lists and select a panel or panel group, and program displays detailed utilization results in table format.
303
304 |[[image:warning.png]]|The meaning of the utilization components, the table content and features are the same as written before at //Auto design//. The program use the chosen type for all selected panels.
305
306 [[image:1585570188564-371.png]]
307
308 Figure: Quick check by Manual design
309
310 == Detailed Result ==
311
312 Utilization of timber panels can be displayed in the following cases:
313
314 * After global //Auto design//, you can display utilization of all timber panels checked for the recommended panel types.
315 * When running element-based //Auto design//, utilization can be displayed by designed elements.
316 * After //Manual design//, element-based //Check// displays utilization for selected elements.
317 * After global //Check// done for all panel elements having final thickness (type).
318
319 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)No.|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global Auto design**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based Auto des.**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Element-based Check**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global Check**
320 |1|[[image:1585570225883-128.png]] //Calculate>Design calculation > Auto design all structural elements//|[[image:1585570302046-138.png]] //Auto design//|(((
321 [[image:1585570300302-419.png]] //Auto design// and/or
322
323 [[image:1585570282879-848.png]] //Manual design//
324 )))|(((
325 [[image:1585570298439-851.png]] //Auto design// and/or
326
327 [[image:1585570285218-939.png]] //Manual design//
328 )))
329 |2|(((
330 [[image:1585570272729-473.png]] //New result > Timber panel//
331 )))|(((
332 [[image:1585570270968-477.png]] //New result > Timber panel//
333 )))|[[image:1585570309456-775.png]] //Check//|[[image:1585570291940-242.png]] Apply changes
334 |3| | |(((
335 [[image:1585570274826-849.png]] //New result > Timber panel//
336 )))|[[image:1585570230338-636.png]] //Calculate > Design calculation > Auto design all structural elements//
337 |4| | | |(((
338 [[image:1585570276743-225.png]] //New result > Timber panel//
339 )))
340
341 Table: Steps of displaying timber panel utilization by different design cases
342
343 [[image:1585570320191-228.png]] Utilization displayed with //New result// appears for all designed panels. The utilization components for a panel/design group can be displayed with //Detailed result//.
344
345 //Detailed result// opens a new window in the current project after selecting a panel/group member, which displays:
346
347 * **Applied panel type**
348 A list displays the applied timber panel type with its main calculation parameters.
349 \\[[image:1585570347630-496.png]]
350 Figure: Applied timber panel type
351 * **Detailed calculation formulas**
352 Calculation details and final values are collected by checking types: //Tension and bending //(Eurocode5: 6.2.3), //Compression and bending// (6.1.4, 6.2.4), //Shear, xy// (6.1.7) and //Shear, xz //and //yz //(6.1.7). The proper results are displayed in green, while the red result warnings you to repeat design with new panel types. The content of the utilization checks depends on [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)//Display options//>>path:#Timber_design_panel_display_option]](%%). Not relevant checks can also be hidden.
353 * **Summary graph**
354 //Summary// graph is displayed with legend by default.
355 \\[[image:1585570378743-462.png]]
356 Figure: Utilization checks, formulas and summary
357
358 [[image:1585570402913-240.png]]// Tabmenu// contains the following tools and settings:
359
360 * **Selection of element to display**
361 You can choose a unique or a design group member from the drop-down lists to display its detailed results mentioned before. Each row displays the ID and the maximum utilization of a member. In case of a design group, “Maximum” means the significant member having the maximum utilization.
362 * **Selection of design load**
363 Depending on timber design was done for load combinations or load groups, a load combination or the maximum or a significant component of load groups can be selected for detailed results. Each row displays the name of the load combination/load group component and its utilization effect. “Maximum” means the significant load combination or component of load groups.
364 * [[image:1585570421864-251.png]]** Auto design**
365 Quick //Auto design// can be done for the currently displayed unique/group member. Its design parameters can be set/modified in the appearing dialog, and then clicking //OK// starts timber design that updates all detailed result figures and formulas.
366 * [[image:1585570428515-156.png]]** Manual design**
367 Manual design can be launched directly for the currently displayed unique/group member.
368 * [[image:1585570436353-419.png]]** Display options**
369 The content and the appearance of the detailed result can be set with //Display options//. You can show only the final equation without details of the different checks (//Hide details//).
370 \\[[image:1585570444480-166.png]]
371 Figure: Display options of Detailed result
372
373 * [[image:1585570455251-108.png]]** Go to**
374 \\Navigate in the detailed result window by selecting the required design type in the drop-down list. It is useful when you are in zoomed view.
375
376 [[image:1585570462658-647.png]] Click //Tools > Add view to document// to place all figures, fomulas and summary table or specified details only into //Documentation//.
377
378
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