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1 {{box cssClass="floatinginfobox" title="**Contents**"}}
2 {{toc/}}
3 {{/box}}
4
5 Different modes can be used for displaying Analysis and Design results. This chapter summarizes the skills and settings of display results on the screen. Of course the result figures can be printed out or can be inserted to documents (see Documentation).
6
7 = {{id name="Display Techniques"/}}Display Techniques =
8
9 Finishing analysis and design calculations, the results are available in the list of the [[image:1585640841689-421.png]]// // //New// result command. Just click the command icon and browse from the results available from previously done calculations.
10
11 [[image:1585640846946-680.png]]
12
13 Figure: Quick way for displaying results
14
15 Select a result data, then a display technique (//Display options//) for it, and finally, clicking //OK// displays the result figure based on the default or last-used settings of the applied display technique.
16
17 (% border="1" style="width:448px" %)
18 |(% style="width:146px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Display option**|(% colspan="2" style="background-color:#0076cb; width:299px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Available for**
19 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:146px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Display option**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:138px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**//Bar elements//**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:161px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**//Planar elements//**
20 |(% style="width:146px" %)**Graph**|(% style="text-align:center; width:138px" %)[[image:1585640907784-713.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:161px" %)[[image:1585640915823-682.png]]
21 |(% style="width:146px" %)**Contour Lines**|(% style="text-align:center; width:138px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:161px" %)[[image:1585640914472-553.png]]
22 |(% style="width:146px" %)**Color Palette**|(% style="text-align:center; width:138px" %)[[image:1585640909481-588.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:161px" %)[[image:1585640912929-801.png]]
23 |(% style="width:146px" %)**Sections**|(% style="text-align:center; width:138px" %) |(% style="text-align:center; width:161px" %)[[image:1585640911360-561.png]]
24
25 Table: General display options
26
27 If display options are not available for the selected result data, it will be displayed in one way. Some result types have special display modes.
28
29 (% border="1" style="width:817px" %)
30 | |(% colspan="2" style="background-color:#0076cb; width:535px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Available for**
31 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Display option**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**//Bar elements//**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:331px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**//Planar elements//**
32 |**Reactions/Connections**|(% colspan="2" style="text-align:center; width:535px" %)All type of supports and connections
33 |**Bi-directional results**| |(% style="width:331px" %)Principal internal forces, required reinforcement shown simultaneously in all directions
34 |**Principal directions**| |(% style="width:331px" %)Directions of principal internal forces
35 |**Crack width**| |(% style="width:331px" %)Result of crack width calculation (RC Design)
36 |**Punching results**| |(% style="width:331px" %)Punching check results (RC Design)
37
38 Table: Special display options
39
40 For bar elements, the currently displayed result (e.g. displacement, internal forces, utilization for RC/steel/timber design etc.) can be detailed by selected bar with the [[image:1585641131300-192.png]] Detailed result command.
41
42 |[[image:light.png]]|The scale / color distribution of the current figure can be modified fast with Quick editing tools or with the [[image:1585641188914-526.png]] Display option.
43
44 == Graph ==
45
46 By choosing //Graph// display option, the result values (e.g. displacement, internal forces etc.) will measured and displayed in their calculation point (finite element nodes).
47
48 [[image:1585641200237-102.png]]
49
50 Figure: Displacement of a slab in different views and display modes
51
52 [[image:1585641206926-479.png]]
53
54 Figure: Moment and shear diagrams of beam elements
55
56 The settings of the currently displayed graph can be modified with the [[image:1585641217015-286.png]] //Display options// tool.
57
58 [[image:1585641213241-873.png]]
59
60 Figure: Display settings of graphs (planar and linear)
61
62 The following options can be modified and set for a graph:
63
64 * **Scale factor**
65 It sets the display scale of the graph (enlarge (>1) or reduce (<1)). //Scaling value//, which is the absolute or relative maximum of the current result type, helps you in setting the scale factor.
66 * **Reset absolute vs. Reset relative**
67 Pressing the buttons fits the //Scale factor// to the absolute or relative maximum of the same type results on the current structure.
68 * **Graph color**
69 The color of the result and the positive/negative values (available for bar elements only) can be set by clicking the “colored line” button and by browsing requested colors from a palette. The button shows the actual color set for the displayed graph.
70 * **Step** (available for bar elements only)
71 It is the distances between the points in which you can ask and display numeric values.
72
73 == Contour Lines ==
74
75 //Contour lines// are a set of color lines. Each line connects points having the same result value and displays them with one color. It is similar to the contours of a topographical map which connect contiguous points of the same altitude.
76
77 [[image:1585641240267-720.png]]
78
79 Figure: Contour lines
80
81 //Contour lines// display technique is developed to display results of plates, walls, shells etc. Two types of contour lines are available: “//Continuous//” and “//Discrete//”.
82
83 “//Continuous//”-type contour lines contain colored line by equal step, while lines can be defined in arbitrary distribution with the “//Discrete//”. You can define as many colors as you want for the contour lines.
84
85 [[image:1585641246771-127.png]]
86
87 Figure: Continuous and discrete contour lines
88
89 The distribution and color settings of the currently displayed contour lines can be modified with the [[image:1585641256142-985.png]] //Display options// tool:
90
91 * **“Palette” settings**
92 [[image:1585641267618-873.png]] Choose the required contour palette type: continuous or discrete.
93 [[image:1585641289910-969.png]] The active option displays the meanings of the color (palette symbol) on the screen next to the result. //Size ~(%)// defined the size of the palette symbol, if it is displayed on screen.
94 \\In case of “Continuous” palette, //Step// sets the distance between the neighboring contour lines and so the color distribution.
95 //Pen width// sets the thickness of the contour lines on the screen.
96 * **“Value” settings**
97 [[image:1585641321982-474.png]]
98 Defining a color and a value in the available numeric field, the //Insert// option inserts a new line into the palette with the given color line and at the given value. This option is mainly developed to define the “//Discrete//” palette.
99 \\[[image:1585641363333-510.png]]// Delete// option can be used to remove the unnecessary color line and its value currently selected in the palette with its ◄ symbol. It is equivalent with the “drag and drop out” of the line with its ◄ symbol.
100 \\[[image:1585641381266-506.png]] //Modify //option moves the contour line, which is currently selected in the palette, to the given value and/or changes its color with a color set under the option.
101 * **“View” settings**
102 [[image:1585641405166-243.png]] Zoom functions to enlarge or reduce the range of the palette. The last status will be used for the palette symbol, if it is displayed by [[image:1585641435296-511.png]]** **.
103 * **Reset absolute vs. Reset relative**
104 Pressing the buttons fits the top and bottom limits of the palette adjust to the absolute or relative maximum of the current result.
105
106 == Color Palette ==
107
108 //Color palette// is a set of colored regions. Each colored regions are represent values in a given interval. It is similar to //Contour line//, but not only the region borders but their inner areas are colored.
109
110 (% style="text-align:center" %)
111 [[image:1585641474410-741.png]]
112
113 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
114 Figure: Color palette used for displaying results for planar and bar elements
115
116 //Color palette// display technique is developed to display results of both planar and bar elements. Two types of color palettes are available: “//Continuous//” and “//Discrete//”.
117
118 “//Continuous//”-type contains colored zones by equal step, while the interval of the colored regions can be defined in arbitrary distribution with the “//Discrete//”. You can define as many colors as you want for the color palettes.
119
120 (% style="text-align:center" %)
121 [[image:1585641485097-894.png]]
122
123 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
124 Figure: Continuous and discrete color palette for planar objects
125
126 The distribution and color settings of the currently displayed color palette can be modified with the [[image:1585641498592-803.png]] //Display options// tool:
127
128 * **“Palette” settings**
129 [[image:1585641525960-243.png]] Choose the required color palette type: continuous or discrete.
130 [[image:1585641546809-800.png]] The active option displays the meanings of the color (palette symbol) on the screen next to the result. //Size ~(%)// defined the size of the palette symbol, if it is displayed on screen.
131 \\In case of “Continuous” palette, //Step// sets the interval of the colored zones and so the color distribution.
132 * **“Value” settings**
133 Defining a color and a value in the available numeric field, the //New// option inserts a new colored zone into the palette with the given color line and at the given bottom value. This option is mainly developed to define the “//Discrete//” palette.
134 //Delete// option can be used to remove the unnecessary colored zone and its value currently selected in the palette with its ◄ symbol of the bottom value. It is equivalent with the “drag and drop out” of the zone with the ◄ symbol.
135 //Modify //option moves the colored zone, which is currently selected in the palette, to the position defined by the given bottom value and/or changes its color with a color set under the option.
136 * **“View” settings**
137 [[image:1585641611131-780.png]] Zoom functions to enlarge or reduce the range of the palette. The last status will be used for the palette symbol, if it is displayed by [[image:1585641618420-173.png]]** **.
138 [[image:1585641661034-535.png]] With //Scale to view// option turned ON, if User hides part of the structure, the palette will be rescaled automatically:
139 [[image:1585641629301-118.png]] [[image:1585641633706-278.png]](((
140 |(% style="width:108px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1368px" %)If the result to be displayed needs wider scaling than the customized has, the program overwrites the scaling to the view.
141 )))
142 * **Reset absolute vs. Reset relative**
143 Pressing the buttons fits the top and bottom limits of the palette adjust to the //absolute or relative maximum// of the current result.
144
145 Color palette display mode also gives the possibility to show displacement (=deformed shape) of surface/bar elements simultaneously the displayed result shown by color palette.
146
147 |(% style="width:108px" %)[[image:1585641776956-801.png]]|(% style="width:1368px" %)Apply //Deformed shape// for the color palette of //Mx'// plate result (//Analysis/ Plate internal forces//). First display //Mx' //with //Color palette//, and then open the palette's setting with the [[image:1585641795209-950.png]] //Display options// tool. Open the //Others// tab of the color palette dialog, and mark the //Display with the deformed shape //checkbox.
148
149 (% style="text-align:center" %)
150 [[image:1585641802333-737.png]]
151
152 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
153 Figure: Color palette result displayed with deformed shape (planar elements)
154
155 Deformed shape can be also shown together with a color palette result (My’) of bars.
156
157 (% style="text-align:center" %)
158 [[image:1585641816581-669.png]]
159
160 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
161 Figure: Color palette result displayed with deformed shape (bar elements)
162
163 |(% style="width:108px" %)[[image:1585641776956-801.png]]|(% style="width:1368px" %)Option to hide finite elements for colour palette results
164
165 To hide the finite elements from the result, click on the [[image:1585641853590-982.png]] icon. In the pop-up window, //Surface, colour palette// click the //Others// tab and uncheck the box next to //Show finite elements,// then click ’OK’.
166
167 Picture No. 3. shows the result without the finite elements grids.
168
169 [[image:1585641871581-694.png]]
170
171 == Sections ==
172
173 Results of planar objects, which are able to be shown with (% class="wikiinternallink" %)//Graph//(%%) mode, can be displayed in given section lines.
174
175 [[image:1585641938966-509.png]]
176
177 Figure: Result displayed in sections
178
179 Use the [[image:1585641945869-411.png]] //Define// tool to the position of a section line. Just give the start and end point of the new section. You can continuously define next points with [[image:1585641957701-157.png]] for further sections, such as you define a polyline; or stop the definition with the [[image:1585642142638-190.png]] mouse button or the [[image:1585642135195-915.png]] key.
180
181 After defining sections, the program fixes the section positions, so the next result - selected for displaying with //Sections// - will be displayed in the same section lines. For example, you can easily and fast check the same parts of a slab, wall etc. for different internal forces, loads or load combinations.
182
183 |(% style="width:63px" %)[[image:1585642166795-953.png]]|(% style="width:1413px" %)Display an analysis result (e.g. //Mx’//) and one of its derivatives in design (e.g. //Required reinforcement, bottom, x'//) in the same section positions. Select the first result type with “//Sections//” display option, and define sections with their start and end points. Choosing the next result (e.g. //Rqd. Reinforcement, bottom, x’//) with [[image:1585642173130-336.png]] will be displayed in the same positions.
184
185 [[image:1585642247486-816.png]]
186
187 Figure: Section positions are stored for next results
188
189 To modify the color and hatch settings of the displayed sections, click [[image:1585642255651-573.png]] //Display options// and open the settings dialog with the [[image:1585642267846-764.png]] tool of the Section option.
190
191 Additional sections with the current settings can be added to the view with the [[image:1585642274940-552.png]] //Define// tool. Unnecessary sections can be removed with the [[image:1585642285567-926.png]] //Delete section// tool by just their selection.
192
193 * **Scale factor**
194 It sets the display scale of the sections (enlarge (>1) or reduce (<1)). //Scaling value//, which is the absolute or relative maximum of the current result type, helps you in setting the scale factor.
195 * **Reset absolute vs. Reset relative**
196 Pressing the buttons fits the //Scale factor// to the //absolute or relative maximum// of the same type results on the current structure.
197 * **Positive/Negative values**
198 The color of the positive/negative values can be set by clicking the “colored line” button and by browsing requested colors from a palette. The buttons show the actual color.
199 * **Step**
200 It is the distances between the points in which you can ask and display //numeric values// and the displayed hatch lines.
201 * **Distribution**
202 The distribution of the displayed section results can be chosen. Besides the calculated distribution it can be linear or constant.
203
204 |(% style="width:93px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1383px" %)This function can be useful at checking the average in-plane shear force between profiled panels.
205
206 (% style="text-align:center" %)
207 [[image:1585642344942-889.png]]
208
209 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
210 Figure: Section settings
211
212 == Labelled sections ==
213
214 Labelled section is a special section with a name that can be used to list shell internal forces along it.
215
216 (% style="text-align:center" %)
217 [[image:1585642361704-487.png]]
218
219 === **Naming** ===
220
221 There are two ways, how to name a Labeled section
222
223 * **manual **- in the //Name //cell.
224 * **automatic **- if //Automatic name// option is checked. In this case, a shell should be selected first and its name will be set for the labelled section. Prefix and/or postfix can also be appended to it.
225
226 [[image:1585642372789-165.png]]
227
228 == Display displacements ==
229
230 Displacements can be displayed as graph, contour lines, colour palette or sections.
231
232 1. Select the type of displacement result (translational, rotational) you wish to be displayed.
233 1. Select the load case type and the load case.
234 1. Click in the display-style of the result under //Display options.//
235
236 [[image:1585642436523-881.png]]
237
238 The two result types:
239
240 [[image:1585642444525-431.png]][[image:1585642448645-885.png]]
241
242
243 == Display Reaction and Connection Forces ==
244
245 Reaction and connection forces can be displayed in supports and connection objects by type, by component, with group resultants, with the combination of them or the resultants at the middle of the support/connection.
246
247 [[image:1585642476349-144.png]]
248
249 Figure: Reaction forces and moments in a Wall and Column support (Plate module)
250
251 [[image:1585642482652-703.png]]
252
253 Figure: Reultants of the line support group
254
255 The color of a reaction/connection force component is represented by the proper direction component (x’, y’ or z’) of the support’s/connection’s local coordinate system. The color of the local system axes (directions) can be set at //Settings > All > Display > Local systems//.
256
257 To check and modify the settings of the displayed reaction/connection results, click [[image:1585642493609-522.png]] //Display options//.
258
259 [[image:1585642499290-416.png]]
260
261 Figure: Display options of reactions and connection forces
262
263 === **Support/Connection types** ===
264
265 First, choose from the available support/connection types (point/line/ surface) you would like to display. Of course, the results of all types can be displayed simultaneously.
266
267 === **Component** ===
268
269 Choose component(s) (force/moment and directions) you would like to display in case of single/group support**// //**or connection.
270
271 === **Resultant** ===
272
273 The force (//F//) and/or moment (//M//) resultant of group support reactions or connection forces can be displayed. Resultants appear with dashed lines on the screen
274
275 [[image:1585642519336-859.png]] Quick selection buttons let you hide all or show selected components on the screen.
276
277 === **Scale** ===
278
279 It sets the display scale of the result diagrams (enlarge (>1) or reduce (<1)). The scaling value (shown in the grey fields), which is the absolute or relative maximum of the current result type, helps you in setting the scale factor. Pressing the //Reset absolute//** **or** **//Reset relative// buttons fits the //Scale factor// to the absolute or relative maximum of the same type results on the current project.
280
281 === **Distribution** ===
282
283 Different displaying modes can be chosen for line reactions/connection forces:
284
285 * **Original**
286 It displays the calculated result values.
287 * **Linear**
288 It displays linear mean value of the result by support/connection element, which is calculated by the area-weight method.
289 * **Constant**
290 It displays constant mean value of the result by support/connection element, which is calculated by the area-weight method.
291 * **Constant by element**
292 To solve singularity peaks at line reactions and connections, the program calculates the average value (constant mean value) of the reaction and connection forces by element.
293
294 |(% style="width:90px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1386px" %)In this case, you can easily insert numeric values by the constant section (//Numeric value //>// Find all local maximum/minimum//).
295
296 [[image:1585642583502-982.png]]
297
298 Figure: Line reactions displayed with “Constant by element”
299
300 [[image:1585642594423-171.png]]
301
302 Figure: The theory of the average calculation by element (Constant by element)
303
304 |(% style="width:90px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1386px" %)The “uplifted” part of the support/connection is taken into account by displaying the distribution of line support reactions and connection forces.
305
306 [[image:1585642618684-556.png]]
307
308 Figure: Reaction distribution on ”Uplifted” connection
309
310 == Bi-Directional Results ==
311
312 In some cases (e.g. initial forces, reinforcement results etc.) two result components can be displayed together, in one diagram. At these results, numerical values are also displayed besides the directions.
313
314
315 [[image:1585642634950-546.png]]
316
317 Figure: Required bottom reinforcement displayed with directions and numeric values
318
319 The color and text settings of the currently displayed bi-directional result can be modified with the [[image:1585642641477-280.png]] //Display options// tool.
320
321 [[image:1585642647650-291.png]]
322
323 Figure: Display settings of bi-directional results
324
325 == Principal Directions ==
326
327 The direction of principal internal forces and stresses can be displayed in two ways:
328
329 * **“One size”**
330 The symbols of the principal directions are shown with uniform-length lines. The symbol line of the first principal direction is longer than the second ones.
331 * **“Proportional – scale”**
332 The length of a symbol line represents the size of the principal force/stress. The display scale factor can be customized according to the absolute/relative maximum of the result.
333 The algebraically **larger value **will be **the first** **principal value, **by default indicated with green colour**.** The algebraically **smaller value **will be **the second** **principal value**, by default indicated with red colour**.**
334
335
336 (% style="text-align:center" %)
337 [[image:1585642690351-574.png]]
338
339
340 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
341 Figure: One-sized or proportional-scaled principal results
342
343 The display type and the colors of the principal directions can be set and modified with the [[image:1585642713145-807.png]] //Display options// tool.
344
345 Arrows at the ends of the lines are indicating whether the principal stresses are tension (positive) or compression (negative).
346
347 [[image:1585642727252-358.png]]
348
349 == Crack Width ==
350
351 Crack width results of RC slabs and bars can be displayed with crack lines. The lines represent the direction of the cracks, their pen width the size of the crack width and the color represents if the crack width exceeds the //allowed crack width//.
352
353 [[image:1585642734896-932.png]]
354
355 Figure: Crack width of RC slab
356
357 The length, width and color of the crack lines can be modified with the [[image:1585642743570-606.png]] //Display options// tool and the //allowed crack width //limit can be set in the Calculation parameters under RC design tab.
358
359 [[image:1585642750487-168.png]][[image:1585642756904-934.png]]
360
361 Figure: Display settings of crack width result
362
363 == Design Utilization Results ==
364
365 Global// Auto design// and //Check// calculations give utilization results for planar and bar elements by the applied design type.
366
367 Utilization results are colored figures (color palette), and summarize the list of maximum utilizations by elements in a table dialog with the help of the Numeric value// //tool.
368
369 Read more about the utilization results by design type: RC design, Steel design and Timber design.
370
371 [[image:1585642767059-345.png]]
372
373 Figure: RC bar design and utilization result
374
375 [[image:1585642775119-214.png]]
376
377 Figure: RC punching design and utilization result
378
379 == Detailed 1D Object Result ==
380
381 Detailed analytical results are available for one-dimensional analytical objects (e.g. bars, line support groups and connections) after clicking on [[image:1585642958201-317.png]] //Detailed result// tool and by selecting the object.
382
383 [[image:1585642962804-634.png]]
384
385 Figure: Detailed results on a line support and line connection
386
387 In Detailed result window the User can manage the results by selecting the object, the calculation and other - calculation dependent - options.
388
389 [[image:1585642971403-664.png]]
390
391 Figure: Detailed result window
392
393 The display type, colors and distribution mode of the detailed results can be set and modified with the [[image:1585642980942-849.png]] //Display options// tool.
394
395 [[image:1585642987081-864.png]]
396
397 Figure: Display result – display options
398
399 * **Diagram type**
400 //Common scale// displays the same-type result diagrams (e.g. My, Mz and Mt are moment diagrams) in common scale. The program automatically sets the scale value to the //absolute maximum// of the current result.
401 //Scale by figures// displays diagrams in their best scale. The scale values, the upper and bottom limits will be set by figure according to its own //absolute maximum// value (e.g. the scales of My and Mz differ from each other).
402 * **Positive/Negative values**
403 The color of the positive/negative values can be set by clicking the “colored line” button and by browsing requested colors from a palette. The buttons show the actual color.
404 * **Distribution**
405 The distribution of the selected result functions can be chosen (calculated, linear, constant or constant by element) for line support groups and connections.
406
407 The hatch line dense by the figures is the same with the “display steps” of the original bar result, on which the //Detailed result// tool was used.
408
409 Utilization results with detailed background calculation formulas (together with Eurocode references), figures and tables can be displayed by single elements or by design groups. Quick navigation is powered with zooming details. Read more about //Detailed results// by design type: //RC design//, //Steel design//, //Timber design //and// //Foundation design.
410
411 (% style="text-align:center" %)
412 [[image:1585643021487-249.png]]
413
414 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
415 Figure: Detailed design result (RC bar design)
416
417 = {{id name="“Absolute” vs. “Relative” Maximum Value"/}}“Absolute” vs. “Relative” Maximum Value =
418
419 The //Absolute maximum// and //Relative maximum// options of the display settings search the maximum values of a result component in all diagrams independently the negative and positive signs. //Relative maximum// finds the maximum value of the current diagram with its absolute value for the current load case/combination/group. //Absolute maximum //finds the maximum value of the same type results (e.g. shear force diagrams) with its absolute value for all load cases/combinations/groups.
420
421 Let’s see an example to understand the meaning of “absolute” and “relative” maximum values.
422
423 |(% style="width:75px" %)[[image:1585643149526-285.png]]|(% style="width:1401px" %)Let’s display the Tz shear force diagram of a frame structure in case of two different load combinations. The next table summarizes the positive and negative maximum values of both diagrams.
424
425 (% style="width:590px" %)
426 |(% style="width:171px" %) |(% colspan="4" style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:416px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Maximum values**
427 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:171px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Display option**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:116px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Positive**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:111px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Negative**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:95px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Relative**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center; width:94px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Absolute**
428 |(% style="width:171px" %)Load combination 01|(% style="width:116px" %)9.37|(% style="width:111px" %)**-9.42**|(% style="width:95px" %)(% style="color:#3498db" %)**9.42**|(% style="width:94px" %)(% style="color:#e74c3c" %)**10.20**
429 |(% style="width:171px" %)Load combination 02|(% style="width:116px" %)**10.20**|(% style="width:111px" %)-8.67|(% style="width:95px" %)(% style="color:#e74c3c" %)**10.20**|(% style="width:94px" %)(% style="color:#e74c3c" %)**10.20**
430
431 Table: Maximum values of the same-type result diagrams (Tz)
432
433 [[image:1585643212306-658.png]]
434
435 Figure: The values found by Reset absolute/relative
436
437 = {{id name="Automatic minimum and maximum numeric value display"/}}Automatic minimum and maximum numeric value display =
438
439 (% style="width:762px" %)
440 |(% style="width:483px" %)The program is capable to show automatically the local or global minimum and/or maximum values of the displayed result. Automatically displayed values will be shown in blue, while values displayed by manual query remain black. It can be set to show the minimum and/or maximum values of all results across all visible objects, or local extreme values for visible each object.|(% style="width:276px" %)[[image:1585643235581-727.png]]
441
442 |(% style="width:74px" %)[[image:1585643271132-408.png]]|(% style="width:1402px" %)(((
443 Let’s display the my’ moment results of a 3 storey building. The next figures shows the difference between showing the automatic results (minumum and maximum) for //all visible objects// and //values by object//. On the right figure the „by object” option choosed so the the program shows the results of the minimum and maximum values of each plates. On the left figure the „for all visible objects” option choosed, the displayed results will be the extreme maximum and extreme minimum values of all 6 plates.
444 )))
445
446 [[image:1585643304188-644.png]]
447
448 |[[image:light.png]]|When in storey view, ‘All visible objects’ means the objects on that storey
449
450 This is also available for each result (even for analysis detailed results, as shown below) where minimum/maximum can be displayed by the //Numeric value// function.
451
452 [[image:1585643346937-791.png]]
453
454 The last selected display settings for display automatic values are applied for all the new results, until they are modified by the user.
455
456 These settings are kept for the results when
457
458 * they are added to the documentation,
459 * they are hidden then shown again,
460 * the model is recalculated (naturally, only the display settings stay the same – the actual numerical values will be refreshed according to the new results).
461
462 In many cases displaying local minimum/maximum numeric values gives too many values due to small, unimportant peaks. Filtering slide lets User decide on how big differences between result of neighbouring nodes he wants to consider as local minimum/maximum.
463
464 [[image:1585643372352-790.png]]
465
466 = {{id name="Style Templates"/}}Style Templates =
467
468 Display settings (scale, colors, steps etc.) can be stored in files (so-called styles) by display technique or by figure. The saving and the loading facilities can be reached at the [[image:1585643406943-807.png]] //Display options// tool. The styles are stored in files with different file extensions by display technique. The files can be swapped between users, so companies can create standard display setting for their own documentation style.
469
470 [[image:1585643391022-646.png]]
471
472 * (((
473 **Save as default**
474 It saves the current display settings as the default (without file name!) settings of the applied display technique. If you do not use a style (see later), the program always offer the last saved default settings when you apply the same technique inside one example or in further ones.
475 )))
476 * (((
477 **Load default**
478 It restores the default display settings after any change.
479 )))
480 * (((
481 **Save**
482 The color settings of the current dialog can be saved as a style in a template file. The file extension depends on the current display technique.
483 )))
484 * (((
485 **Save with scale**
486 All display settings (scale, steps, colors etc.) of the current dialog can be saved as a named style in a template file.
487 )))
488 * (((
489 **Load**
490 User-defined styles can be loaded from a file browser.
491 )))
492
493 |(% style="width:56px" %)[[image:1585643490238-405.png]]|(% style="width:1420px" %)The following example helps in understanding the difference between //Save //and //Save with scale //after loading styles created by them. The color palette settings of an //Mx// internal force diagram was saved with //Save// and //Save with scale//. The figure shows the settings of //My// also displayed with color palette after loading (//Load//) the two saved styles. After loading “//Save//”-style, the palette contains the same colors but the scale is optimized for //My// values. Loading “Save with scale”-style results the same scale together with the same color information with //Mx//.
494
495 (% style="text-align:center" %)
496 [[image:1585643516181-498.png]]
497
498 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
499 Figure: Save vs. Save with scale
500
501 = {{id name="Numeric Values"/}}Numeric Values =
502
503 == Tool Tip ==
504
505 Rolling your
506
507 Rolling your mouse over a result picture will display the numeric value in the current position and in the proper metrical unit as a tool tip. Tool tip works for all types of display techniques.
508
509 [[image:1585640645463-589.png]]
510
511 Figure: Numeric value displayed by tool tip
512
513 == Value Labeling ==
514
515 Result diagrams can be completed by displaying the calculated numeric values. Use the [[image:1585640657580-166.png]] //Numeric value// tool to add labels to the currently displayed result figure.
516
517 [[image:1585640663482-407.png]]
518
519 Figure: Tool palettes of Numeric value
520
521 Depending on the currently displayed result figure and the object type – you would like to ask numeric values – the tool palette of //Numeric value// contains different definition tools. With the [[image:1585640670942-643.png]] //Define //tool, new value labels can be placed on the current figure.
522
523 The color of the numeric values can be set with the “Current color” button of the Status bar. Of course, you can place values with different colors on a result figure. For example the maximum values can be displayed in red while the others with black.
524
525 Set the text settings of the numeric values at [[image:1585640680971-261.png]] //Default settings//.
526
527 [[image:1585640685597-955.png]]
528
529 Figure: Numeric value settings
530
531
532 The next figures give examples for the tools of //Numeric value//.
533
534 Use [[image:1585640694571-933.png]] //Select// to place numeric values in clicking points of the displayed result. With [[image:1585640700539-267.png]] tool, result maximum, minimum and absolute maximum/minimum can be found for selected object(s). With [[image:1585640706697-619.png]] tool, all result limits (maximum and/or minimum) can be displayed for selected object(s).
535
536 [[image:1585640712967-682.png]]
537
538 Figure: Arbitrary and maximum values (bar displacement)
539
540 [[image:1585640720375-187.png]]
541
542 Figure: Arbitrary and maximum values (plate internal forces)
543
544
545 [[image:1585640731503-547.png]] [[image:1585640737555-606.png]]
546
547 Figure: Display numeric values (with Select) on a Contour palette result
548
549 In case of bar displacement, points can be selected for displaying numeric values on bars (//Original shape//) or on the //deformed shape// of the bars.
550
551 [[image:1585640746689-740.png]]
552
553 Figure: Numeric values displayed on the original and deformed shapes
554
555 Bar displacement can be asked with its real size (//Vector size//) or by its component (parallel with the global/local x’/y’ or a given direction).
556
557 [[image:1585640754547-168.png]]
558
559 Figure: Numeric values by displacement component
560
561 The display settings of predefined numeric values can be modified by the [[image:1585640762111-679.png]] //Properties// tool.
562
563 The position of the text labels can be modified independently from their insertion (clicking) point with //Move// (//Edit// menu).
564
565 = {{id name="Editing Results"/}}Editing Results =
566
567 [[image:1585640546998-187.png]] The settings of the currently displayed result can be modified with the //Display options// tool any time. The content of the setting possibilities (colors, scale, palettes etc.) depends on the display technique used for the visible result.
568
569 |(% style="width:158px" %)(((
570 [[image:1585640554649-888.png]]
571 )))|(% style="width:1318px" %)Above //Display options//, quick change tools give fast and real-time modification in scale/color distribution (step) of the current result figure and in size and decimal numbers of displayed numeric values. Quick change tools work for all type of display techniques. The next figures show some examples.
572
573 [[image:1585640582309-730.png]]
574
575 Figure: Modifying diagram scale
576
577 //Scale //increases/decreases the scale (e.g. graph, section) or the step distribution (e.g. contour lines, color palette) of the currently displayed result figure with 10% percent. Use the “//+”// or “//–“// key of the keyboard’s numeric pad as the fast key of //Increase// //scale// or //Reduce scale//.
578
579 The numeric values are refreshed automatically when the display options of a result are modified.
580
581 [[image:1585640597801-318.png]]
582
583 Figure: Modifying the text size of numeric values
584
585 //Font size// modifies the font size of the numeric values with 10% of the initial size.
586
587 [[image:1585640604214-956.png]]
588
589 Figure: Modifying the decimal numbers of numeric values
590
591 = {{id name="Browsing Results"/}}Browsing Results =
592
593 A one-click browser (//Quick selection//) is developed for changing between result figures displayed earlier on the screen. By clicking on “▼” symbol next to [[image:1585638202894-971.png]]// // //Select result//, a list appears with titles of results displayed so far. Just click on the result you wish to display again. The content of the list can be organized with //Select result//: hide current figure or delete items.
594
595 [[image:1585638196416-253.png]]
596
597 Figure: Quick or dialog browsing among previously displayed results
598
599 = {{id name="Animation"/}}Animation =
600
601 [[image:1585638098430-819.png]] The currently displayed results can be animated with the //Animate result// tool. Not only for bar results (such as dynamic and stability results, displacement, internal force/stress diagrams etc.), but all result display types of planar elements (such as displacement, internal forces, RC results, utilizations etc.) can be animated. That means graph points are moving, the colors and color intervals are pulsing etc. Clicking //Animate result// starts the animation after some seconds (depending on the model size) by continuously displaying the linear interpolation statuses between the initial and the final states of the current result figure. Press any key or click by mouse the stop animation.
602
603 [[image:1585638104384-916.png]]
604
605 Figure: Animation of a frame displacement
606
607 = {{id name="Moving load results"/}}Moving load results =
608
609 Special results can be displayed for Moving loads, described below.
610
611 == Moving load maximum ==
612
613 Moving load maximum is similar to Maximum of load combinations. It shows the maximum values of the selected result in all points of the model, under the effects of a Moving Load. User can change the Load combination and the Moving load of which results he or she wants to display.
614
615 [[image:1585637811592-545.png]]
616
617 == Moving load influence line ==
618
619 The Moving load influence line shows how the value of the selected result changes in a user-defined point of an object, while the Vehicle moves along the path.
620
621 User can define it with the following steps:
622
623 [[image:1585637837700-882.png]]
624
625 The results are displayed similarly to the one in the figure below:
626
627 [[image:1585637845513-449.png]]
628
629 |(% style="width:97px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1379px" %)Since Moving loads are based on singular load cases, these result values are exact only in the Vehicle positions. The other points of the curve show approximate values. Accuracy can be increased by defining more Vehicle positions, however, it increases calculation time, too.
630
631 == Moving load’s cases ==
632
633 Although Moving loads are based on singular load cases, they are managed differently than regular load cases. It is possible to create an animated result for a Moving load. The figure below shows the method:
634
635 [[image:1585637715517-121.png]]
636
637 The animation displays the changing of the selected result while the Vehicle moves along the path.
638
639 The next figure describes the new Moving load’s cases dialog:
640
641 [[image:1585637724532-466.png]]
642
643 |(% style="width:99px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1377px" %)Animate result button in the Moving load’s cases dialog has a different effect than the regular Animate result button in the Analysis and the Design tabs.
644
645
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