# Changes for page Structure definition

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From version
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/23 07:15
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edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/23 07:29
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## Details

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Content
 ... ... @@ -6,38 +6,37 @@ 6 6 7 7 Depending on the current **FEM-Design Module **(license you have), the available Object types are different. Although the structural objects are real 3 dimensional objects, they are 1D members and 2D planar elements (because of the finite element method) having sectional (thickness, profile etc.) and material properties. So, they can be defined as lines or regions. Some elements like point supports can be defined as points. 8 8 9 -|**Type**|**Icon**|**Modules where available**|((( 10 -**Definition** 11 - 12 -**mode** 13 -)))|**Position**|**Material**|**Profile**|((( 9 +(% style="width:1118px" %) 10 +|**Type**|**Icon**|(% style="width:128px" %)**Modules where available**|(% style="width:159px" %)((( 11 +**Definition mode** 12 +)))|(% style="width:134px" %)**Position**|(% style="width:113px" %)**Material**|(% style="width:186px" %)**Profile**|(% style="width:66px" %)((( 14 14 **Load-** 15 15 16 16 **bearing** 17 17 ))) 18 -|**Soil**|[[image:1584603814981-709.png]]|[[image:1584602208253-331.png]]|Region|Horizontal|Arbitrary|-|Arbitrary 19 -|[[**Borehole**>>Borehole (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603822261-738.png]]|[[image:1584602210083-549.png]]|Point|-|-|-|- 20 -|[[**Isolated foundation**>>Isolated foundation (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603829044-457.png]]|[[image:1584602212179-470.png]]|Regular shape/Solid|Horizontal|Concrete|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 21 -|[[**Wall foundation**>>Wall foundation (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603841098-596.png]]|[[image:1584602219423-925.png]]|Line|Horizontal|Concrete|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 22 -|**Foundation slab**|[[image:1584603848256-757.png]]|[[image:1584602217074-327.png]]|Region|Horizontal|Concrete|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 23 -|[[**Beam**>>Beam (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603859591-112.png]]|((( 17 +|**Soil**|[[image:1584603814981-709.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602208253-331.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Region|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 18 +|[[**Borehole**>>Borehole (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603822261-738.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602210083-549.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Point|(% style="width:134px" %)-|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 19 +|[[**Isolated foundation**>>Isolated foundation (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603829044-457.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602212179-470.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Regular shape/Solid|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Concrete|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 20 +|[[**Wall foundation**>>Wall foundation (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603841098-596.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602219423-925.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Concrete|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 21 +|**Foundation slab**|[[image:1584603848256-757.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602217074-327.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Region|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Concrete|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 22 +|[[**Beam**>>Beam (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603859591-112.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 24 24 [[image:1584602561989-469.png]] 25 25 26 26 [[image:1584602214397-138.png]] [[image:1584602626305-896.png]] 27 -)))|Line|((( 26 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 28 28 Horizontal 29 29 30 30 Arbitrary 31 -)))|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 32 -|[[**Column**>>Column (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603866327-126.png]]|((( 30 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 31 +|[[**Column**>>Column (Geometry)]]|[[image:1584603866327-126.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 33 33 [[image:1584602559305-131.png]] 34 34 35 35 [[image:1584602222080-774.png]] [[image:1584602621130-909.png]] 36 -)))|((( 35 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)((( 37 37 Point 38 38 39 39 Point/Line 40 -)))|Vertical|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|((( 39 +)))|(% style="width:134px" %)Vertical|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)((( 41 41 (Support) 42 42 43 43 Arbitrary ... ... @@ -44,41 +44,41 @@ 44 44 ))) 45 45 |((( 46 46 **Truss member** 47 -)))|[[image:1584603873028-793.png]]|[[image:1584602224568-738.png]] [[image:1584602618708-185.png]] |Line|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|Axial 46 +)))|[[image:1584603873028-793.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602224568-738.png]] [[image:1584602618708-185.png]] |(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Axial 48 48 |((( 49 49 **Intermediate section** 50 -)))|[[image:1584603880617-711.png]]|[[image:1584602226949-495.png]] [[image:1584602617236-838.png]] [[image:1584602544973-878.png]]|Point|-|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|- 51 -|**Apex**|[[image:1584603889506-762.png]]|[[image:1584602240547-944.png]] [[image:1584602623687-545.png]]|Line|((( 49 +)))|[[image:1584603880617-711.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602226949-495.png]] [[image:1584602617236-838.png]] [[image:1584602544973-878.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Point|(% style="width:134px" %)-|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)- 50 +|**Apex**|[[image:1584603889506-762.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602240547-944.png]] [[image:1584602623687-545.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 52 52 Vertical / Horizontal 53 -)))|Timber|Rectangle|Arbitrary 54 -|**Column corbel**|[[image:1584603896480-680.png]]|[[image:1584602237211-483.png]] [[image:1584602614748-860.png]]|Point|Horizontal|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 55 -|**Wall corbel**|[[image:1584603901949-632.png]]|[[image:1584602233922-164.png]]|Line|Horizontal|Arbitrary|Arbitrary|Arbitrary 56 -|**Plate**|[[image:1584603908879-545.png]]|((( 52 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)Timber|(% style="width:186px" %)Rectangle|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 53 +|**Column corbel**|[[image:1584603896480-680.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602237211-483.png]] [[image:1584602614748-860.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Point|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 54 +|**Wall corbel**|[[image:1584603901949-632.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584602233922-164.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 55 +|**Plate**|[[image:1584603908879-545.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 57 57 [[image:1584602542466-682.png]] 58 58 59 59 [[image:1584602230254-792.png]] 60 -)))|Region|((( 59 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Region|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 61 61 Horizontal 62 62 63 63 Arbitrary 64 -)))|Arbitrary|Constant / variable thickness|((( 63 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Constant / variable thickness|(% style="width:66px" %)((( 65 65 Vertical 66 66 67 67 Axial 68 68 ))) 69 -|**Wall**|[[image:1584603917622-954.png]]|((( 68 +|**Wall**|[[image:1584603917622-954.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 70 70 [[image:1584602591139-209.png]] 71 71 72 72 [[image:1584603927995-543.png]] [[image:1584603950554-740.png]] 73 73 74 74 [[image:1584603937205-689.png]] 75 -)))|((( 74 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)((( 76 76 Line 77 77 78 78 Region 79 79 80 80 Line 81 -)))|Vertical|Arbitrary|Constant/ variable thickness|((( 80 +)))|(% style="width:134px" %)Vertical|(% style="width:113px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:186px" %)Constant/ variable thickness|(% style="width:66px" %)((( 82 82 (Support) 83 83 84 84 Planar ... ... @@ -87,78 +87,78 @@ 87 87 ))) 88 88 |((( 89 89 **Profiled panel** 90 -)))|[[image:1584605667677-283.png]]|[[image:1584604885106-242.png]]|Line/Region|Vertical/Horizontal|Concrete|Constant|Arbitrary 91 -|**Timber panel**|[[image:1584605673548-322.png]]|[[image:1584604887313-772.png]]|Line/Region|Vertical/Horizontal|Timber|Constant|Arbitrary 89 +)))|[[image:1584605667677-283.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584604885106-242.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Line/Region|(% style="width:134px" %)Vertical/Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Concrete|(% style="width:186px" %)Constant|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 90 +|**Timber panel**|[[image:1584605673548-322.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584604887313-772.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Line/Region|(% style="width:134px" %)Vertical/Horizontal|(% style="width:113px" %)Timber|(% style="width:186px" %)Constant|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 92 92 |((( 93 93 **Point support** 94 -)))|[[image:1584606240423-939.png]] [[image:1584606251751-657.png]]|((( 93 +)))|[[image:1584606240423-939.png]] [[image:1584606251751-657.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 95 95 [[image:1584602573981-946.png]] 96 96 97 97 [[image:1584604896073-561.png]] [[image:1584605783100-219.png]] [[image:1584605682460-575.png]] [[image:1584605763415-696.png]] 98 -)))|Point|((( 97 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Point|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 99 99 Vertical 100 100 101 101 Arbitrary 102 -)))|-|-|- 101 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 103 103 |((( 104 104 **Line support** 105 -)))|[[image:1584606257981-662.png]] [[image:1584606264758-198.png]]|((( 104 +)))|[[image:1584606257981-662.png]] [[image:1584606264758-198.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 106 106 [[image:1584605826007-726.png]] [[image:1584605686131-287.png]] [[image:1584605756473-657.png]] 107 107 108 108 [[image:1584604903979-827.png]] [[image:1584605968077-824.png]] 109 -)))|Line|((( 108 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 110 110 Vertical 111 111 112 112 Arbitrary 113 -)))|-|-|- 112 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 114 114 |((( 115 115 **Surface support (group)** 116 -)))|[[image:1584606305864-653.png]]|((( 115 +)))|[[image:1584606305864-653.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 117 117 [[image:1584606015157-801.png]] 118 118 119 119 [[image:1584604916166-214.png]] 120 -)))|Region|((( 119 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Region|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 121 121 Vertical 122 122 123 123 Arbitrary 124 -)))|-|-|- 123 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 125 125 |((( 126 126 **Point-point connection** 127 -)))|[[image:1584606312864-571.png]]|((( 126 +)))|[[image:1584606312864-571.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 128 128 [[image:1584605248316-672.png]] 129 129 130 130 [[image:1584604936217-115.png]] [[image:1584605980199-738.png]] [[image:1584605692944-870.png]] [[image:1584605747679-418.png]] 131 -)))|Line|((( 130 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 132 132 Horizontal 133 133 134 134 Arbitrary 135 -)))|-|-|- 134 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 136 136 |((( 137 137 **Line-line connection** 138 -)))|[[image:1584606317523-649.png]]|((( 137 +)))|[[image:1584606317523-649.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 139 139 [[image:1584605244903-256.png]] 140 140 141 141 [[image:1584605273661-849.png]] [[image:1584605994404-800.png]] [[image:1584605723071-700.png]] [[image:1584605741598-931.png]] 142 -)))|Lines|((( 141 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Lines|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 143 143 Horizontal 144 144 145 145 Arbitrary 146 -)))|-|-|- 145 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 147 147 |((( 148 148 **Fictitious bar** 149 -)))|[[image:1584606322728-402.png]]|((( 148 +)))|[[image:1584606322728-402.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)((( 150 150 [[image:1584605251734-513.png]] 151 151 152 152 [[image:1584605270193-110.png]] [[image:1584605998857-529.png]] 153 -)))|Line|((( 152 +)))|(% style="width:159px" %)Line|(% style="width:134px" %)((( 154 154 Horizontal 155 155 156 156 Arbitrary 157 -)))|-|-|- 158 -|**Shell model**|[[image:1584606327473-318.png]]|[[image:1584605268223-162.png]]|Regions|Arbitrary|Steel|Constant/ variable web height|Arbitrary 156 +)))|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 157 +|**Shell model**|[[image:1584606327473-318.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584605268223-162.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Regions|(% style="width:134px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:113px" %)Steel|(% style="width:186px" %)Constant/ variable web height|(% style="width:66px" %)Arbitrary 159 159 |((( 160 160 **Fictitious shell** 161 -)))|[[image:1584606332853-762.png]]|[[image:1584605266522-828.png]]|Regions|Arbitrary|-|-|- 160 +)))|[[image:1584606332853-762.png]]|(% style="width:128px" %)[[image:1584605266522-828.png]]|(% style="width:159px" %)Regions|(% style="width:134px" %)Arbitrary|(% style="width:113px" %)-|(% style="width:186px" %)-|(% style="width:66px" %)- 162 162 163 163 Table: Structural Objects and their main properties 164 164 ... ... @@ -313,7 +313,7 @@ 313 313 * The displayed displacements are the results of the SLS calculation. 314 314 * The displayed internal forces, reactions are the results of the ULS calculation. 315 315 316 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image061.jpg]][[image:1584607597383-605.png]] 315 +[[image:1584607597383-605.png]] 317 317 Figure: Setting of creep coefficients 318 318 319 319 For reinforced concrete structure the user has the possibility to reduce the element stiffness in order to model the cracking’s effect in eigenfrequency calculation. ... ... @@ -324,7 +324,7 @@ 324 324 325 325 In Material settings dialog the stiffness for stability analysis can be decreased. Taking a reduction factor into account is needed in those calculations where it is specified by the standards (e.g. at the cracked section analysis). 326 326 327 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image063.jpg]][[image:1584607628036-545.png]] 326 +[[image:1584607628036-545.png]] 328 328 329 329 Figure: Reduction for stability analysis 330 330 ... ... @@ -332,7 +332,7 @@ 332 332 333 333 For steel structures, the //γ// values (M0, M1 and M2) can be set. 334 334 335 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image064.jpg]][[image:1584607658240-885.png]] 334 +[[image:1584607658240-885.png]] 336 336 Figure: Setting γ factors 337 337 338 338 == **Timber** == ... ... @@ -634,7 +634,7 @@ 634 634 635 635 [[[[image:1584624377056-530.png]] (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Pick existing region**(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)** **(Geometry)>>Pick existing region (Geometry)]] 636 636 ))) 637 -|**Borehole**|[[image:1584623478078-802.png]]|[[image:1584623277989-659.png]]|Reference point|- (Insertion point) 636 +|[[**Borehole**>>doc:.Borehole (Geometry).WebHome]]|[[image:1584623478078-802.png]]|[[image:1584623277989-659.png]]|Reference point|- (Insertion point) 638 638 |(% colspan="1" rowspan="2" %)**Isolated foundation**|(% colspan="1" rowspan="2" %)[[image:1584624069104-381.png]]|(% colspan="1" rowspan="2" %)[[image:1584623280887-312.png]]|Regular shape|((( 639 639 [[[[image:1584623388010-106.png]] (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Rectangular**(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)** **(Geometry)>>Rectangular (Geometry)]] 640 640 ... ... @@ -951,7 +951,7 @@ 951 951 952 952 |**Type**|**Icon**|**Modules where available**|**Direction for**|**Direction Modes** 953 953 |**Soil**|[[image:1584711285392-617.png]]|[[image:1584712006264-111.png]]|-|- 954 -|**Borehole**|[[image:1584711290870-489.png]]|[[image:1584712008949-787.png]]|-|- 953 +|[[**Borehole**>>doc:.Borehole (Geometry).WebHome]]|[[image:1584711290870-489.png]]|[[image:1584712008949-787.png]]|-|- 955 955 |**Isolated foundation**|[[image:1584711296674-615.png]]|[[image:1584712010771-322.png]]|Solid position: 956 956 Direction of local x’ axis|((( 957 957 [[[[image:1584714999028-689.png]]** Predefined direction** (Geometry)>>Predefined direction (Geometry)]]