<
From version < 188.1 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/30 16:09
To version < 188.2 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/30 16:09
>
Change comment: (Autosaved)

Summary

Details

Page properties
Content
... ... @@ -310,20 +310,25 @@
310 310  
311 311  = Surface Reinforcement =
312 312  
313 -Surface reinforcement design needs internal forces from //Analysis// calculations applied for //Load combinations// or //Load-groups// and initial reinforcement properties (direction, shape, steel quality, diameter and concrete cover) defined by [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image010.png||alt="icon_calcparam"]] //Design calculation parameters//.
313 +Surface reinforcement design needs internal forces from //Analysis// calculations applied for //Load combinations// or //Load-groups// and initial reinforcement properties (direction, shape, steel quality, diameter and concrete cover) defined by [[image:1585577052509-329.png]] //Design calculation parameters//.
314 314  
315 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image066.jpg]]
315 +(% style="text-align:center" %)
316 +[[image:1585577056793-788.png]]
316 316  
318 +(% style="text-align: center;" %)
317 317  Figure: Initial reinforcement settings
318 318  
319 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image067.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **The reinforcement shape (//Straight/Centric//) and the bar directions (//x’/y’/r/t//) set by //Design calculation parameters// will be fixed parameters in //Auto// and //Manual design//, so only they can be edited/modified only with //Design calculation parameters//.
320 320  
321 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image067.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **Although all design results can be calculated for all reinforcement types, //Auto design// does not work for the //Centric// reinforcement! Only //Manual design// can be used to define and edit the required centric reinforcement area.
322 +|(% style="width:114px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1376px" %)The reinforcement shape (//Straight/Centric//) and the bar directions (//x’/y’/r/t//) set by //Design calculation parameters// will be fixed parameters in //Auto// and //Manual design//, so only they can be edited/modified only with //Design calculation parameters//.
322 322  
323 -A Plate or Wall can be specified as single layer reinforced by defining “Single layer reinforcement Calculation parameter for it.
324 +|(% style="width:114px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1376px" %)Although all design results can be calculated for all reinforcement types, //Auto design// does not work for the //Centric// reinforcement! Only //Manual design// can be used to define and edit the required centric reinforcement area.
324 324  
325 -**//[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image068.jpg]]//**
326 +A [[Plate>>doc:Manuals.User Manual.Structure definition.Plate (Geometry).WebHome]] or [[Wall>>doc:Manuals.User Manual.Structure definition.Wall (Geometry).WebHome]] can be specified as single layer reinforced by defining “Single layer reinforcement” Calculation parameter for it.
326 326  
328 +(% style="text-align:center" %)
329 +[[image:1585577157011-465.png]]
330 +
331 +(% style="text-align: center;" %)
327 327  Figure: Single layer reinforcement definition
328 328  
329 329  In the Calculation parameters dialog the User can define the followings:
... ... @@ -333,49 +333,48 @@
333 333  * the distance of the reinforcement from the centreline,
334 334  * the allowed crack width on the bottom and on the top of the structure.
335 335  
336 -**//[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image069.jpg]]//**
341 +(% style="text-align:center" %)
342 +[[image:1585577168021-584.png]]
337 337  
344 +(% style="text-align: center;" %)
338 338  Figure: Calculation parameters for single layer reinfrocement
339 339  
340 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image023.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image071.png]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image072.png]]
341 -Crack width values that exceed the specified limit are displayed with a different colour. The maximum allowed value of crack width can be set at the //Calculation parameters// ([[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image073.png]] ). At the //Display options //([[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image070.png]] ), the weight, scale and colour of the crack lines can be defined.
347 +|(% style="width:93px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1397px" %)(((
348 +Crack width values that exceed the specified limit are displayed with a different colour. The maximum allowed value of crack width can be set at the //Calculation parameters// ([[image:1585577233282-421.png]] ). At the //Display options //([[image:1585577238171-668.png]] ), the weight, scale and colour of the crack lines can be defined.
342 342  
350 +[[image:1585577247912-522.png]]
351 +)))
343 343  
344 344  If a shell has “Single layer reinforcement” Calculation parameter, its Design parameter can be modified only if “Single layer reinforcement” option is selected in Auto design/Parameters.
345 345  
346 -**//[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image074.png]]//**
355 +[[image:1585577261014-979.png]]
347 347  
348 348  Figure: Auto design parameters of single layer reinforcement
349 349  
350 350  In case of Manual design, single layer reinforcement can be placed only on „Mid, x’/r” and „Mid, y’/t” layers.
351 351  
352 -**//[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image075.jpg]]//**
361 +[[image:1585577270520-105.png]]
353 353  
354 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image067.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **Single and double layer reinforcements cannot be used in the same Plate or Wall element.
363 +|(% style="width:114px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1376px" %)Single and double layer reinforcements cannot be used in the same Plate or Wall element.
355 355  
356 356  == Auto Design ==
357 357  
358 -
359 -|(((
360 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image011.png||alt="icon_calculate"]]
361 -)))
362 -
367 +|(% style="width:72px" %)[[image:1585577320756-735.png]]|(% style="width:1418px" %)(((
363 363  Global// Auto design// gives design force and required reinforcement results and suitable applied reinforcement for all concrete surfaces of the current project. Furthermore, //Auto design// calculates missing reinforcement and crack width based on the determined applied reinforcement.
364 364  
370 +[[image:1585577344168-585.png]]
365 365  
372 +Figure: Global Auto design and its result
373 +)))
374 +|(% style="width:72px" %)[[image:1585577325289-495.png]]|(% style="width:1418px" %)Element-based //Auto design// finds the most suitable top and bottom (or mid) reinforcement for selected concrete plate, wall and shell elements or element groups only according to their internal forces and design parameters. Initial settings of the base net and additional reinforcement by positions (//Bottom face/Top face/Mid face//) and directions (//x’/y’/r/t//) can be set with the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="icon_properties"]] //Parameters// tool of //Auto design//.
366 366  
367 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image076.png||alt="figure_67_surfacerc_man_new"]]
368 368  
369 -Figure: Global Auto design and its result
370 370  
371 371  
372 -|(((
373 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image013.png||alt="icon_autodesign2"]]
374 -)))
375 375  
376 -Element-based //Auto design// finds the most suitable top and bottom (or mid) reinforcement for selected concrete plate, wall and shell elements or element groups only according to their internal forces and design parameters. Initial settings of the base net and additional reinforcement by positions (//Bottom face/Top face/Mid face//) and directions (//x’/y’/r/t//) can be set with the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="icon_properties"]] //Parameters// tool of //Auto design//.
377 377  
378 378  
382 +
379 379  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image077.jpg]]
380 380  
381 381  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image078.png]]
... ... @@ -645,7 +645,6 @@
645 645  MEd,II
646 646  )))
647 647  
648 -
649 649  1. Finally, based on the second order internal forces, the utilization is calculated for every cross section of the equivalent bar (based on the interaction curve), and the highest section utilization is assigned to the node.
650 650  
651 651  Shell buckling calculations are available for //Load combinations//, //Maximum of load combinations// and //Maximum of load groups//. The utilization results can be displayed in the //New result/RC shell/Shell buckling/Utilization//
Copyright 2020 StruSoft AB
FEM-Design Wiki