Hide last authors
IwonaBudny 2.2 1 {{box cssClass="floatinginfobox" title="**Contents**"}}
Fredrik Lagerström 31.1 2 {{toc/}}
IwonaBudny 2.2 3 {{/box}}
4
Fredrik Lagerström 455.1 5 = {{id name="User interface"/}}User interface =
IwonaBudny 2.2 6
7 (((
8 Each module has a similar user interface and consists of the following parts:
Fredrik Lagerström 18.1 9
Fredrik Lagerström 39.1 10 [[Menu bar>>doc:||anchor="HMenubar"]] | [[Tab menus>>doc:||anchor="HTabmenus"]] | [[Toolbars>>doc:||anchor="HToolbars"]] | [[Application window>>doc:||anchor="HApplicationwindow"]] | [[Quick tools>>doc:||anchor="HQuicktools"]] | [[Status bar>>doc:||anchor="HStatusbar"]] | [[Tool palette>>doc:||anchor="HToolpalette"]] | [[Dialog>>doc:||anchor="HDialog"]]
Fredrik Lagerström 18.1 11
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 12
Fredrik Lagerström 25.1 13 [[image:Window-001c.gif]]
Fredrik Lagerström 18.1 14
IwonaBudny 2.2 15 )))
16
17 == Menu Bar ==
18
IwonaBudny 16.1 19 (% style="text-align: justify;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 20 The Menu bar contains file operations (File), editing commands (Edit), drawing (Draw), assistant tools (Tools), settings (Settings), views (View), window-system (Window) and user-guides, license info and about (Help).
IwonaBudny 2.2 21
IwonaBudny 16.1 22 Menu commands having icons next to their names can be organized in Toolbars around the Application window. Some commands can be executed by hotkey displayed behind the command name.
IwonaBudny 2.2 23
Fredrik Lagerström 454.1 24 == {{id name="TabMenu"/}}Tab menus ==
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 25
Fredrik Lagerström 31.1 26 (% style="text-align: justify;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 27 Tab menus contain the main functionalities and their order displays the recommended structural design workflow.
28
Fredrik Lagerström 33.1 29 (% border="1" %)
30 |(% style="background-color:#005a9b; width:240px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Tab menu**|(% style="background-color:#005a9b; border-color:#c0c0c0; width:1238px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Function**
Fredrik Lagerström 55.1 31 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520572121-451.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to define axis and storey system, structural elements, supports and connections
32 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520578867-196.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to define load cases, loads, load combinations and load groups
33 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520584481-921.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to define finite elements and finite element mesh
34 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520590723-456.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to run analysis for the current project and to display results
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 35 |(% style="width:240px" %)(((
36 Foundation design
37 )))|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to run automatic and manual design for foundations and to display results
Fredrik Lagerström 55.1 38 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520597599-565.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to run automatic and manual design for concrete elements and to display results
39 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520604845-203.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to run automatic and manual design for steel bars and to display results
40 |(% style="width:240px" %)[[image:1584520611557-473.png]]|(% style="width:1238px" %)Tools to run automatic and manual design for timber elements and to display results
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 41 |(% style="width:240px" %)Performance based design|(% style="width:1238px" %)Only available for Turkish seismic analysis
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 42
43 By default, Tab menus have different Object layer settings to protect their elements from the others. That means, for example, structural elements (defined at Structure tab) are protected against load editing (Load tab) although they can selected for load definition. Of course, the available layers of tabs can be customized (Status bar > Current layer). The optional module Documentation can be launched from the Tab menus bar
44
IwonaBudny 2.2 45 == Toolbars ==
46
47 The Menu bar commands can be grouped in toolbars with their icons and placed next to Application window.
48
Fredrik Lagerström 43.2 49 By default, all five toolbars are displayed. If you right-click anywhere on the menu or on one of the displayed toolbars, a list appears, where toolbars can be set visible or hidden.
IwonaBudny 2.2 50
Fredrik Lagerström 43.2 51 [[image:customize toolbar 001.png]]
IwonaBudny 2.2 52
Fredrik Lagerström 43.2 53 Customize… allows you to edit the command content of the toolbar, on which the right-click is used. A toolbar can be moved into new position by dragging it with its “Top/Left thick horizontal/vertical line”.
IwonaBudny 2.2 54
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 55 == Application window ==
IwonaBudny 2.2 56
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 57 Two main windows types are available in FEM-Design:
IwonaBudny 2.2 58
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 59 * Graphical window
60 It works as a drawing board and displays the model defined in the current project.
61 * Detailed result window
62 Analysis and design results with detailed background calculation formulas (code references), figures and tables can be displayed by single elements or by design groups in separate windows. Quick navigation is powered with zooming details.
IwonaBudny 7.1 63
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 64 An arbitrary number of windows can be opened (Window menu) to show for example a model in different views at the same time. The list of the currently available windows is shown at the bottom of the windows (tabs) and in the Window menu. You can swap between the windows by clicking on their name tabs or by choosing the requested one in the Window menu. Applied windows can be arranged by Window > Arrange. Right-clicking on a window tab, the window’s name can be edited.
IwonaBudny 2.2 65
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 66 [[image:application window_FD19.00.001.png]]
IwonaBudny 2.2 67
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 68 == Quick tools ==
69
Fredrik Lagerström 41.2 70 **Quick tools** is a tool window that contains the often used functions such **Layers**, **Results **and **Filter**.
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 71
Fredrik Lagerström 41.2 72 [[image:Quick tools 001.png]]
73
74 Quick tools can be enabled in several ways:
75
76 1. Settings > Environment > General > Quick tools
77 1. Right click on the toolbars > Quick tools
78 1. Window tab > Other windows > Quick tools
79
80 Quick tool window can be placed anywhere on the screen and it **can be docked** to the left and right side of the FEM-Design model view area. The docked Quick tool window can be also **collapsed**.
81
82 [[image:Quick tools 002.png]]
83
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 84 == Status bar ==
85
86 The Status bar is situated under the Application window and separated into the following parts.
87
88 [[image:status bar_FD19.00.001.png]]
89
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 90 * Command
91 Field to enter coordinates and shortcut commands. Command line also displays additional messages to show the steps of the current command.
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 92 * Selection
93 Number of the selected elements (bars, shells, supports, loads, etc.) can be seen in the lower part of design area.
94 * Co-ordinate box
95 It shows the exact coordinates of the crosshair cursor in the current co-ordinate system. Coordinates can be also given for point/direction definition in a dialog appears after clicking on the Co-ordinate box (see Entering Co-ordinates).
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 96 * Layer button
97 Clicking the button opens the Quick tools-tab. All layer operations like defining new, renaming, color-assignment, showing/hiding and deleting are available in the layer-system dialog.
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 98 * Point/Direction editor
99 Editor tools provide reference points and lines by using existing lines and points during element definition, drawing and editing.
100 * Object snap tools
101 Here you can set the snapping distance and turn object snaps on and off.
102
103 == Tool palette ==
104
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 105 In most cases, a command/tool has own palette (Tool palette) that contains its definition and setting tools.
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 106
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 107 [[image:toolbar 001.png]]
108
109 Figure: An example for tool palette (Beam command in 3D Structure module)
110
111 The parts of a tool palette are:
112
113 * Toolbar - It gives the editing modes and their additional tools. The main editing modes are:
114 ** Define: creates new objects according to its current settings (“Default settings”).
115 ** Properties: asks and/or changes the properties of selected object(s).
116 * Default settings - If this button has 3D shape, then you can set all default parameters for the new object. Otherwise, it only shows the symbol of the function.
117 * Main settings - The frequently changed parameters of the new object (Define) can be set directly in tool palette.
118
119 You can usually use a dialog to modify the settings, the properties of a command; it contains text and number fields where you can set parameter values.
120 The main difference between dialogs and Tool palettes is that you can work beside an opened tool palette, but cannot at a dialog.
121 There are three main switch types at a dialog or a tool palette: check boxes, radio and chain buttons.
122
123 [[image:Chain button 001.png]]
124
125 Figure: Function of chain buttons
126
127 In case chain button exists and it is “Active” (pushed in), any changes made to the related edit box will be transferred to the next edit box automatically. It gives a quick definition of defining surface elements with constant thickness, loads with constant intensities etc.
128
Fredrik Lagerström 30.1 129 == Dialog ==
130
Fredrik Lagerström 47.1 131 The Default settings dialog is used to change the properties of new objects. It usually contains a General tab where many commands and identifiers are shown, some dialogs also contains tabs for cross sections, materials and boundary conditions/connections.
132
133 [[image:dialog 001.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 134
Fredrik Lagerström 455.2 135 = {{id name="Program Settings"/}}Program Settings =
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 136
137 Clicking //Settings > All// opens a dialog with all available settings of the program and the current project.
138
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 139 [[image:1584526396270-287.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 140
141 Figure: Project and program settings
142
143 The settings are valid for the current project, but they can be extended for later projects by saving them as default settings. //OK// closes the dialog and validates the settings for the current project. //Save as default// set the “selected” project settings available for next projects and new files.
144
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 145 |[[image:warning.png]]|(((
146 “Selected” means that //Save as default// works only for the branch belongs to the list/folder title selected by the cursor. For example, apply //Save as default// for “//Environment//” to save the //General//, the //Directories// and the //Cursor// settings as default, or select “//Settings//” and click //Save as default// to store all current settings as default values.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 147
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 148 The range of available settings depends on the currently opened **Tabmenu**. For example, all setting are available at launched “//Structure//” tabmenu, but the settings are reduced with e.g. finite element (//Mesh//) settings in case of activated “//Analysis//” tabmenu.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 149
150 The program stores project and default settings in the //fem.ini// file can be found in the “//FEMData//” folder of the installed program.
151
152 New program release can use the default settings of the previous release, if you keep them after the first running of the new release in a warning message dialog.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 153 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 154
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 155 == Environment ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 156
157 //General// settings enable the user to adjust the main program settings affect on startup, system, rendering and display style.
158
159 * **Check for update at start**
160 By default, the program informs the user if a new official release of the current FEM-Design version is available.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 161
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 162 * **Check for upgrade at start**
163 It sends a message if a newer commercial FEM-Design version is released. In this case, the newer version can be downloaded, but it can be run only in demo mode till renewing the current license agreement (please contact your local distributor).
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 164
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 165 * **Auto load last drawing**
166 Checking this box opens the last project at program start-up.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 167
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 168 * **Language**
169 By default, the user interface is displayed in the installation language. Ask your local distributor about the available languages in your country.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 170
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 171 * **Timesave [min]**
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 172 It defines the time period in minute for automatic project saving. Read more at **Data safety**.
173
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 174 * **Undo steps**
175 The number of executable undo steps can be set in the field. But do not forget, that there are some complex calculation processes (analysis, mesh preparing etc.) //Undo// does not work on.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 176
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 177 * **Graphic engine**
178 The suitable graphic engine can be set here by choosing “DirectX” or “OpenGL” according to the video card.
Fredrik Lagerström 105.1 179 The DirectX graphic engine is faster than OpenGL on most of the computers. We recommend the User to check which graphic engine performs better on his computer.[[image:1584526922243-872.png]](((
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 180 |(% style="width:98px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1352px" %)(((
181 For more information about the graphic engine read the Remarks.
182 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 183
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 184 |(% style="width:99px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1351px" %)(((
185 If you have any rendering problem with the default graphic engine, apply the other one. In case of further troubles, download the latest driver of your graphic card.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 186
187 “//Safe mode//” is developed to protect the program from possible video drive crashes. If no graphic problem is detected with the current driver, uncheck this box to take the full advantage of the new powerful graphic engine and to reach the maximum rendering speed.
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 188 )))
189 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 190 * **Enable Win8/Win7/Vista style**
191 By default, the user interface is developed in the height of Microsoft Windows 8, 7 and Vista fashion. Unchecking the box a simpler interface will be available after restarting the program.
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 192
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 193 * **Window background**
194 The color of the drawing background (graphical windows) can be set here. The default and suggested color is white. Objects having the same color with the background are always displayed in inverse color.
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 195
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 196 * **Display information pop-up**
197 If there is no running command, moving the cursor over an element displays an //Information pop-up// with the element’s main properties. Depending on the currently used working mode (//Structure//, //Loads// etc.), pop-up is available for different elements (structural elements, loads etc.) only. For example, the pop-up displays the ID, the material, the thickness, the alignment and orthotropic features for //Plates// in //Structure// mode.
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 198 [[image:1584527171977-275.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 199 Figure: Information pop-up examples
200
201 //Directories// settings allow the user to specify the location of FEM-Design files.
202
203 * **Temporary**
204 The program stores temporary files during calculations and mesh generations in the given folder, which will be automatically removed, if the operations are done successfully. Remained temporary files can be erased from the //Temporary// folder after closing the currently opened project. The changes made in //Temporary// directory will affect after the program is restarted.
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 205
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 206 * **Working**
207 The default favorite folder can be set here for the open and save commands.
208
209 The style of cross-hair cursor can be set in //Cursor// dialog. It can be full-sized in graphical windows or custom-sized (//Limited//) by the scroll tool.
210
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 211 == Drawing ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 212
Fredrik Lagerström 172.1 213 //Title// dialog allows the user to specify the content of drawing title block (//Draw > //**Title information table**) and the header title of printing (//File > Print//). //Project//, //Description//, //Designer//, //Signature// and //Comments// attributes are autotexts. That means, modifying their content updates all titles used in the current project. These five title attributes can be used in documentation and reinforcement list templates with the help of (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Field**(%%)**// //**tool (//Draw// menu).
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 214
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 215 [[image:1584527715406-518.png]] [[image:1584527732558-607.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 216
217 Figure: Title information table
218
Fredrik Lagerström 72.2 219 //Scale// has effect in displaying texts, line types and wall hatches in graphic windows. Of course, **printing scale** can be set independently from drawing scale.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 220
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 221 //Param// settings allow the user to specify the default initial settings for drawing (//Draw// menu commands) in the current or later projects (//Save as default//). Line type, pen width and drawing color can be edited independently from the default values with the **Status bar** tools “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//” and “//Current color//”.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 222
223 //Text// settings enable the user to set the default font style and sizes for general text items.
224
Fredrik Lagerström 458.1 225 (% border="1" class="table-hover" style="width:528px" %)
226 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:384px" %) |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:140px" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Text setting effect**
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 227 |(% style="width:384px" %)Drawing Title block|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
228 |(% style="width:384px" %)Structural element ID and label|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
229 |(% style="width:384px" %)Design data label|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
230 |(% style="width:384px" %)Load label|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
231 |(% style="width:384px" %)Mass label|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
232 |(% style="width:384px" %)Support ID and label|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
233 |(% style="width:384px" %)Default settings of //Draw > Text//|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
234 |(% style="width:384px" %)Default settings of numeric result values|(% style="width:140px" %)yes
235 |(% style="width:384px" %)//Draw > Dimension//|(% style="width:140px" %)no
236 |(% style="width:384px" %)Grid axis label (//Structure > Axis//)|(% style="width:140px" %)no
237 |(% style="width:384px" %)Storey label (//Structure > Storey//)|(% style="width:140px" %)no
238 |(% style="width:384px" %)(((
239 Finite element and node ID (//Settings > Display > Mesh//)
240 )))|(% style="width:140px" %)no
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 241
242 Table: List of elements on which Text setting has effect or not
243
244 //Dimension//, //Axis// and //Storey// tools and the finite element display have individual text settings from the general //Text// settings.
245
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 246 |(% style="width:98px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1352px" %)(((
247 //Script// solves the character problems of different languages. For example character “**ő**” appears as “**õ**” in “//Western//”, but as correct “**ő**” in “//Central European//” script.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 248
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 249 //Size// is defined in real values (mm), so text size varies on drawings by modifying its //Scale//.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 250
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 251 The //Width// factor 1.0 refers to the normal character width, so factor smaller/greater than 1.0 results a condensed/extended text.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 252
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 253 For “italic” style use //Slant// between 10 or 15 degrees.
254 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 255
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 256 == Calculation ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 257
258 //Calculation// includes settings influence structural behavior, finite element mesh generation, analysis and result.
259
260 //Code// displays the current and available design code for the current project. //Code// influences:
261
262 * the range of available modeling materials,
263 * automatic combination of load groups, and
264 * the method and result of reinforcement, steel and timber design.
265
266 Changing the current code erases the materials, the design parameters and the results in the project, so these properties have to be redefined to run valid calculations later.
267
268 Read more details from other //Calculation// settings in the connected topics:
269
270 * **“Rigid” values**
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 271 The default value of “infinite rigidity” can be set for **supports**, **connections** and **fictitious bars// //**by types.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 272 * **Mesh**
Fredrik Lagerström 74.2 273 Mesh and peak smoothing settings of **automatic finite element mesh generation**.
274 Perform gives additional features to **data safety**.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 275 * **Analysis**
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 276 In //Analysis// you can decide the way of **//Automatic save//**, in //Find identical copies before calculation for// you can// //set if the program should check the identical copies of structural elements and/or loads and in //Warnings //it can be checked if the program should warn about using non-linear elements in a linear calculation.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 277 * **Result**
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 278 //Options// define the calculation sections of bars and affect on **detailed results** of bars.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 279
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 280 == Display ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 281
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 282 The current and default display settings of the drawing elements, numbers, **structural objects**, **loads** and **finite elements/mesh** can be set here.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 283
284 Displaying structural and analytical element ID’s is separated in order to avoid duplicate labels on the screen. The required ID can be set by Bar and Shell elements in Display settings dialog.
285
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 286 [[image:1584527995499-252.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 287
288 Figure: Display settings (Bar, Shell)
289
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 290 == Window ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 291
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 292 //Co-ordinate systems// include the display settings of the //Global// and the //User-defined// (//UCS//) **co-ordinate system** symbols. The symbols are shown in the defined size in working windows, but they can be hidden by unchecking the //Display co-ordinate systems// box.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 293
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 294 //Grid// defines the distribution settings of the visible **Construction grid**. The grid can be hidden by unchecking the //Display grid// box. The grid lines can be set to be parallel with the axis directions of the //Global// (//Ground//) or //UCS// system.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 295
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 296 All default settings of **Object Snap tools** are grouped in //Snap// dialog.
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 297
298 In different windows different //scales// can be defined, which is especially useful in documentation module. By choosing an appropriate scale factor the displayed labels are easy to read. In another window the parameters can be decreased to highlight another result.
299
300 //Units// setting offers various unit types for modeling (length, angle, force, mass and cross-sectional data) and for results. Stress and displacement units can be set independently of the length and force units.
301
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 302 [[image:1584528037251-456.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 303
304 Figure: Available units
305
Fredrik Lagerström 455.3 306 = {{id name="Data Safety"/}}Data Safety =
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 307
308 Time saving and protection system ensures more the data safety of working files.
309
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 310 == Time Save ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 311
312 FEM-Design automatically saves copy of the working file by given time period.
313
314 The saving time period can be set in minutes at //Settings > All > Environment > General > System > Timesave//.
315
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 316 |(% style="width:98px" %)[[image:1584528146302-798.png]]|(% style="width:1352px" %)(((
317 Working on a project file called e.g. “steel construction.str” in the [[image:1584528158180-507.png]] //3D Structure// module with a 15-minute time save period, an extra file will be generated and updated by the time period (0, 15, 30min …) with special extension and in a hidden folder:
318 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 319
320 **Rules of time save:**
321
322 * In case of a program crash, the last saved copy opens automatically in the right module.
323 * If you successfully exit from FEM-Design after saving the current project, its time save copy will be erased from the recovery folder.
324 * The location of time save files cannot be modified for data safety.
325
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 326 |(% style="width:99px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1351px" %)(((
327 Additional automatic savings can be set before and after calculations at //Settings > Calculation > Analysis > Automatic save…//, but automatic savings overwrite the original project file.
328 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 329
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 330 == Recovery files ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 331
332 Recovery file command in File menu is for managing time-save files which are generated after some unexpected events. Its tool-window:
333
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 334 [[image:1584528246118-584.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 335
336 Figure: Recovery file dialog
337
338 You can open the desired version and delete the useless ones, and you can also set the sorting criterion, by clicking on File / Date / Size.
339
Fredrik Lagerström 79.2 340 == Protected Work File ==
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 341
342 All working files are locked not to be modified, overwritten by another user or process. Starting a project, a file having the project name with **//.lck//** extension is generated automatically, which guarantees the protection till closing the working file.
343
344 Opening a protected file sends the warning message: “//The file is locked by another user or process.//” You are allowed to open and modify the content of a protected file, but changes can be saved only under a new name (//File > Save as//).
345
Fredrik Lagerström 455.4 346 = {{id name="Element Types"/}}Element Types =
Fredrik Lagerström 55.3 347
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 348 Two main types of elements are available in FEM-Design: //Drawing elements// and (structural) //Objects//. These element types are stored in different **//Layer-systems//** and have different kind of property and display settings.
349
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 350 == Drawing Elements ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 351
352
Fredrik Lagerström 457.1 353 (% border="1" class="table-hover" style="width:1200px" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 456.1 354 |=(% scope="row" style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203);" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Type|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); text-align: center;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Icon|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); width: 222px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Command**|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); width: 463px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Property and Display Settings**|=(% style="background-color: rgb(0, 118, 203); text-align: center; width: 217px;" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Default Short Command
355 |=Point|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530266767-880.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Point**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Drawing > Param//, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)PT
356 |=Line|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530272407-567.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Line**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)LN
357 |=Rectangle|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530279892-292.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Rectangle**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)REC
358 |=Arc|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530286613-592.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Arc**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)ARC
359 |=Circle|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530295398-277.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Circle**|(% style="width:463px" %)“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)CIRC
360 |=Region|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530338169-765.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Region**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)RGN
361 |=Solid|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530345250-241.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Solid**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)SLD
362 |=Text|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530351731-851.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Text**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Text //tool// > Default settings//,|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)TEXT
363 |=Field|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530358907-656.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Field**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Field //tool// > Default settings//|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)FIELD
364 |=Dimension|(% style="text-align:center" %)[[image:1584530377027-942.png]]|(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Dimension**|(% style="width:463px" %)//Dimension// tool //> Default settings//, “//Current style//”|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)DIM
365 |=Title information table|(% style="text-align:center" %) |(% style="width:222px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 105.1 366 Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**Title information table**
Fredrik Lagerström 456.1 367 )))|(% style="width:463px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 71.2 368 //Text //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current style//”,
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 369
370 //Settings > Title//, “//Current layer//” (! Object layer)
Fredrik Lagerström 456.1 371 )))|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)TITLE
Fredrik Lagerström 457.1 372 |=Logo|(% style="text-align:center" %) |(% style="width:222px" %)Draw > (% class="wikiinternallink" %)**LOGO**|(% style="width:463px" %)//[[Documentation>>doc:Manuals.User Manual.Documentation.WebHome]]// > Draw > Logo|(% style="text-align:center; width:217px" %)LOGO
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 373
374 Table: Drawing elements
375
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 376 == Objects ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 377
Fredrik Lagerström 105.1 378 |=(% scope="row" %)Type|=Tab|=Icon|=**Command**|=**Property and Display Settings**
Fredrik Lagerström 145.1 379 |=Axis|[[image:1584530896455-165.png]]|[[image:1584531288473-843.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Axis|//Axis //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
380 |=Storey|[[image:1584530899061-989.png]]|[[image:1584531275835-603.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Storey|//Storey //tool// > Default settings//
381 |=Soil|[[image:1584530902100-741.png]]|[[image:1584531282163-547.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Soil|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Soil //tool// > Default settings//
382 |=Borehole|[[image:1584531067210-578.png]]|[[image:1584531295239-172.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Borehole|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Borehole //tool// > Default settings//
383 |=Isolated foundation|[[image:1584531068523-680.png]]|[[image:1584531302008-620.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Isolated foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Isolated foundation //tool// > Default settings//
384 |=Wall foundation|[[image:1584531071082-678.png]]|[[image:1584531309451-398.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Wall foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Wall foundation //tool// > Default settings//
385 |=Foundation slab|[[image:1584531074838-177.png]]|[[image:1584531315796-764.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Foundation slab|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Foundation slab //tool// > Default settings//
386 |=Beam|[[image:1584531075798-160.png]]|[[image:1584531338924-338.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Beam|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar //“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Beam //tool //> Default settings//
387 |=Column|[[image:1584531076967-356.png]]|[[image:1584531358355-426.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Column|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//, “//Current layer//”, //Column //tool //> Default settings//
388 |=Intermediate section|[[image:1584531079935-875.png]]|[[image:1584531365819-206.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Intermediate section|//Intermediate section// tool > //Default settings Drawing elements //and //Bar//
389 |=Apex|[[image:1584531085014-657.png]]|[[image:1584531374092-590.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Apex|//Apex //tool > //Default settings//
390 |=Corbel|[[image:1584531712289-369.png]]|[[image:1584531975436-899.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Corbel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar Corbel tool > Default settings//
391 |=Truss member|[[image:1584531714365-559.png]]|[[image:1584531953482-712.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Truss member|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Truss member //tool //> Default settings//
392 |=Plate|[[image:1584531728971-744.png]]|[[image:1584531960399-406.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Plate|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Plate //tool //> Default settings//
393 |=Wall|[[image:1584531716300-788.png]]|[[image:1584531991203-684.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Wall|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Wall //tool //> Default settings//
394 |=Profiled panel|[[image:1584531885978-255.png]]|[[image:1584531998246-816.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Profiled panel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Profiled panel //tool //> Default settings//
395 |=Timber panel|[[image:1584531893595-274.png]]|[[image:1584532006720-889.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Timber panel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, //Timber panel //tool //> Default settings//
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 396 |=Support|[[image:1584531891614-145.png]]|[[image:1584532016044-779.png]]|Supports|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 145.1 397 //Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Support//,
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 398
Fredrik Lagerström 145.1 399 //Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Support// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 400 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 401 |=Connection|[[image:1584531890108-578.png]]|[[image:1584532023208-680.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Connections|(((
402 //Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Connections//,
403
404 //Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Connection// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
405 )))
406 |=Fictitious bar|[[image:1584531888730-869.png]]|[[image:1584532030311-528.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Fictitious bar|(((
407 //Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current layer//”
408
409 //Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, //Fictitious bar //tool //> Default settings//
410 )))
411 |=Fictitious shell|[[image:1584531888730-869.png]]|[[image:1584532074798-170.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Fictitious shell|
412 |=Load|[[image:1584531901451-438.png]]|[[image:1584532082293-908.png]]|Loads|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 145.1 413 //Settings > Display > Load//, “//Current layer//”,
414
415 Load tools //> Default settings//,
416 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 417 |=Finite element|[[image:1584531912082-171.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Finite element tools|(((
418 //Settings > Display > Mesh//, “//Current layer//”,
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 419
Fredrik Lagerström 146.1 420 //Settings > FEM > Mesh //and //Calculation//
421 )))
422 |=RC bar|[[image:1584531918892-233.png]]|[[image:1584532090389-520.png]]|Auto design// //and (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Manual design|(((
423 //Settings > Display > Design//, //“Current layer”//,
424
425 //Auto design// and //Manual design// tools //> Default settings //
426 )))
427 |=Steel bar stiffener|[[image:1584531934519-836.png]]|[[image:1584532097404-173.png]]|Steel bar stiffener|“//Current layer//”
428
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 429 Table: Objects
430
Fredrik Lagerström 455.4 431 = {{id name="Layers"/}}Layers =
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 432
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 433 The FEM-Design layer-system helps you to work in a well-organized way in drawings and in models while constructing and documenting. The layers can be considered as transparent papers put on top of each other will seem to be one drawing. All layers can be reached in a dialog appears by pressing the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Current layer**(%%) button.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 434
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 435 == Layer Types ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 436
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 437 Regarding the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**element types**(%%) there are two main layer types: “//Drawing//” and “//Objects//”.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 438
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 439 (% style="text-align:center" %)
440 [[image:1584538310191-735.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 441
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 442 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 443 Figure: “Drawing” and “Objects” layers
444
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 445 “**//Drawing//**” layer contains all drawing elements defined by the //Draw// menu commands or generated from (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**DWG and DXF imports**.(%%) //Drawing// layers can be renamed and erased, and their colors and states can be edited. Only the default “//0//” layer cannot be deleted and edited. At the same time only one drawing layer called “Current” can be used for drawing. The name of the “Current” layer is appears on the //Current layer //button. The “//DIM//” layer is a special drawing layer for the dimensions. It is automatically created by using the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Dimension**(%%) command (//Draw// menu). ”//Drawing” Layers// can be excluded from the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**(%%) by dechecking the „//No snap//” option in the Sn column.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 446
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 447 (% style="text-align:center" %)
448 [[image:1584538330044-725.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 449
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 450 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 451 Figure: „No snap” option
452
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 453 “**//Objects//**” layers are built-in layers for objects like plate, wall, column, supports, loads etc. Each object type has an own layer (e.g. walls are displayed on the “//Wall//” object layer). //Objects// layers are not allowed to be deleted and renamed, but their states and the display colors and pen width of objects can be edited. ”//Objects” Layers// can also be excluded from the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**(%%) by checking the „//No snap//” option.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 454
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 455 == Layer Status ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 456
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 457 |=(% scope="row" %)Layer Status|=**Symbol**|=**Function**
458 |=Hidden|[[image:1584538368886-274.png]]|The layer content is hidden in graphic windows
459 |=Protected|[[image:1584538379415-995.png]]|The layer content is visible, but protected from editing
460 |=Active|[[image:1584538374458-474.png]]|The layer content is visible and editable in graphic windows
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 461
462 Table: Layer status
463
464 In Layers dialog changing the layer status is real-time, which means that the selected active (hidden) drawing or object layers become hidden (active) without closing the dialog.
465
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 466 == Editing Layers ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 467
468 |Tool|**Function**|**Available for layer type**
469 |Make current|Sets selected layer to be the current one|Drawing
470 |New…|Creates new layer in the available layer list|Drawing
471 |Delete|(((
472 Deletes the selected layer from the layer list
473
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 474 **[[image:warning.png||height="24" width="26"]] **Delete function cannot be undone
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 475
476 All elements will be erased of a deleted layer
477 )))|Drawing
478 |Clear|(((
479 Removes all elements of the selected layer
480
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 481 **[[image:warning.png||height="24" width="26"]] **Clear function cannot be undone
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 482 )))|Drawing
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 483 |Colour|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 484 Modifies the current color of the selected layer
485
486 Defines the current drawing color
487
488 Defines the display color of Objects
489
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 490 [[image:light.png||height="57" width="38"]]** **Colour can be modified by elements with
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 491
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 492 // //(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 493 )))|(((
494 Drawing, Objects
495
496 Drawing
497
498 Objects
499 )))
500 |Pen|(((
501 Sets the pen width assigned to the selected layer
502
503 Defines the current drawing pen width
504
505 Defines the display pen width of Objects
506
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 507 [[image:light.png||height="57" width="38"]]** **Pen width can be modified by elements with
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 508
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 509 // //(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 510 )))|(((
511 Drawing, Objects
512
513 Drawing
514
515 Objects
516 )))
517 |Save>|Save the current settings for the layers|Objects
518 |Load>|Restore saved layer settings|Objects
519 |Delete>|Delete saved settings|Objects
520
521 Table: Editing layers
522
Fredrik Lagerström 222.1 523 |[[image:1584538527519-672.png]]|The full content of an //Objects// layer can be erased with //Tools > Delete all//. The objects deleted with //Delete all //can be restored with //Edit > Undo//. //Delete all// erases the objects of protected layers too!
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 524
Fredrik Lagerström 455.5 525 = {{id name="Co-ordinate Systems"/}}Co-ordinate Systems =
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 526
527 Various co-ordinate systems are available in FEM-Design with different function, properties and display settings.
528
529 | |(((
530 **Global co-ordinate**
531
532 **system**
533 )))|(((
534 **User-defined co-ordinate**
535
536 **System (UCS)**
537 )))|(((
538 **Local co-ordinate**
539
540 **System**
541 )))
542 |Function|(((
543 Definition of co-ordinates
544
545 Definition of directions
546
547 Interpretation of results
548
549 -
550 )))|(((
551 Definition of co-ordinates
552
553 Definition of directions
554
555 -
556
557 -
558 )))|(((
559 -
560
561 Definition of directions
562
563 Interpretation of results
564
565 Definition of profiles
566 )))
567 |Type|Right-handed Cartesian|Right-handed Cartesian|(((
568 Each structural object has got
569
570 Its own right-handed Cartesian
571
572 co-ordinate system
573 )))
574 |Axes|X, Y, Z|X, Y, (Z)|x’, y’, z’
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 575 |Symbol|[[image:1584538589442-105.png]]|[[image:1584538594772-163.png]]|[[image:1584538600338-346.png]] [[image:1584538606183-590.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 576 |Symbol color|(((
577 Fixed 3 colors,
578
579 X = green
580
581 Y = red
582
583 Z = blue
584 )))|(((
585 Fixed 2 colors,
586
587 X = cyan
588
589 Y = orange
590 )))|(((
591 User-defined 3 colors,
592
593 //Settings > All >//
594
595 //Display > Local systems//
596 )))
597 |Position|Fixed|(((
598 User-defined:
599
600 - //View > UCS//
601
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 602 - [[image:1584538616094-847.png]] moves the origin to the
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 603
604 position of the cross-hair cursor
605
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 606 - [[image:1584538628028-565.png]] + [[image:1584538618070-399.png]] moves origin
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 607
608 back to the origin of the Global
609
610 system
611 )))|Fixed for an object
612 |Direction|Fixed|(((
613 User-defined:
614
615 - //View > UCS//
616
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 617 - [[image:1584538630374-591.png]] + [[image:1584538620392-967.png]] resets the
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 618
619 directions to the original state
620 )))|(((
621 Changeable:
622
623 //Edit > Change direction//
624 )))
625 |Show/Hide|(((
626 //Settings > All > Window >//
627
628 //Co-ordinate systems//
629 )))|(((
630 //Settings > All > Window >//
631
632 //Co-ordinate systems//
633 )))|(((
634 By element types:
635
636 //Settings > All > Display//
637 )))
638 |Symbol size|(((
639 //Settings > All > Window >//
640
641 //Co-ordinate systems//
642 )))|(((
643 //Settings > All > Window >//
644
645 //Co-ordinate systems//
646 )))|(((
647 By elements types:
648
649 //Settings > All > Display//
650 )))
651
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 652 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 653 Table: Co-ordinate systems
654
Fredrik Lagerström 232.1 655 //User-defined co-ordinate system// (//UCS//) is developed in order to easily define coordinates and directions in a 2D user-defined (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 656
Fredrik Lagerström 455.6 657 = {{id name="Point Definition with Co-ordinates"/}}Point Definition with Co-ordinates =
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 658
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 659 Points can be defined with their co-ordinates in (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Descartes**(%%) or (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Cylindrical co-ordinate systems**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 660
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 661 (% style="text-align:center" %)
662 [[image:1584538716679-278.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 663
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 664 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 665 Figure: Co-ordinate system types for point definition
666
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 667 Point co-ordinates can be defined in various unit types available at (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > Units**(%%) (//Length// and //Angle//).
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 668
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 669 The crosshair cursor position can be displayed on the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**(%%) in the //Descartes// or in the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate system by clicking the [[image:1584538745675-880.png]] symbol of the //Co-ordinate box//.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 670
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 671 == Descartes Orthogonal Co-ordinate System ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 672
673 (Cartesian co-ordinate system)
674
675 The individual co-ordinates represent the distance of the point from the origin of the orthogonal co-ordinate system (**//absolute//**) or from a previously defined point (**//relative//**) measured along X, Y and Z axes. //Cartesian co-ordinate system//** **is available for co-ordinate definition both in the //Global co-ordinate// and the //UCS// //systems//.
676
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 677 == Cylindrical Co-ordinate System ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 678
679 (Polar co-ordinate system)
680
681 Point is defined by three components: an angle (a1) and two distances (d1 and d2). The a1 and d1 co-ordinates define the point position in the XY plane of the //Global co-ordinate// and the //UCS// //systems//, d2 sets the distance from the XY plane. The angle and the distances can be given from the origin of the co-ordinate systems (**//absolute//**) or from a previously defined point (**//relative//**).
682
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 683 == Co-ordinate Definition Modes ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 684
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 685 Point co-ordinates can be defined by typing them in the //Command line// or the**// //**//Co-ordinate box// of the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status Bar**,(%%) or just by mouse-clicking combined with the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**(%%) in the drawing area or in special points.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 686
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 687 == Absolute co-ordinate definition ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 688
689 Co-ordinates of a point are defined as distances/positions from a co-ordinate system origin.
690
Fredrik Lagerström 455.1 691 (% style="text-align:center" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 692 [[image:1584538775022-864.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 693
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 694 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 695 Figure: Absolute co-ordinates given in Command line and Co-ordinate box
696
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 697 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %) |(% colspan="2" style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Descartes Orthogonal System**|(% colspan="2" style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Cylindrical co-ordinate system**
698 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %) |(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:325px" %)(((
699 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
700 (% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global co-ordinate system**
701 )))|(% style="background-color:#0076cb; width:293px" %)(((
702 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
703 (% style="color:#ffffff" %)**UCS system**
704 )))|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(((
705 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
706 (% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Global co-ordinate system**
707 )))|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(((
708 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
709 (% style="color:#ffffff" %)**UCS system**
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 710 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 711 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %) |(% colspan="4" style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**2D**
712 |Command line|(% style="width:325px" %)-|(% style="width:293px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 713 X_Y or X,Y
714
715
716 Example:
717
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 718 [[image:1584538808407-785.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 719 )))|-|(((
720 P_a1_d1
721
722
723 Example:
724
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 725 [[image:1584538814135-664.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 726 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 727 |Co-ordinate box|(% style="width:325px" %)[[image:1584538803237-696.png]]|(% style="width:293px" %)[[image:1584538819898-514.png]]|[[image:1584538823960-275.png]]|[[image:1584538828297-218.png]]
728 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %) |(% colspan="4" style="background-color:#0076cb; text-align:center" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**3D**
729 |Command line|(% style="width:325px" %)-|(% style="width:293px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 730 X_Y_Z or X,Y,Z
731
732
733 Example:
734
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 735 [[image:1584538835860-291.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 736 )))|-|(((
737 P_a1_d1_d2
738
739
740 Example:
741
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 742 [[image:1584538840880-630.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 743 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 744 |Co-ordinate box|(% style="width:325px" %)[[image:1584538846439-830.png]]|(% style="width:293px" %)[[image:1584538851707-244.png]]|[[image:1584538856448-486.png]]|[[image:1584538860513-119.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 745
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 746 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 747 Table: Absolute co-ordinate definition modes
748
749 **Rules of co-ordinate definition:**
750
751 * Co-ordinates given in //Command line// are valid only in //UCS//. But, if the //UCS// and //Global system// are in the same position (same origin and same axis directions), the defined point will be in the similar position in both two systems.
752 * Decimal point has to be defined as “. ” and not “,”.
753 * If you do not give Z value in the 3D modules, its value will be automatically zero.
754
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 755 == Relative co-ordinate definition ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 756
757 There are three ways to define a point with given distance from another point (called “relative co-ordinates”).
758
759 Relative coordinates can be defined both in the //Descartes// and the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate systems and both in the //Global// and the //UCS// systems.
760
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 761 === **Relative (A): Distance from the last defined point** ===
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 762
763 Distance from the last point can be defined in the //Command line// or with the //Co-ordinate box//. This mode is useful while creating line/polyline/polygon/surface with the distance from the start/previous point.
764
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 765 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Steps|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Command Line**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Co-ordinate box**
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 766 |1|(% colspan="2" %)Define the start/previous point
767 |2|(% colspan="2" %)**2D**
768 | |(((
769 Type the distance co-ordinates as:
770
771 R_X_Y or @X,Y
772
773
774
775
776
777 Example:
778
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 779 [[image:1584538888243-426.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 780 )))|(((
781 Launch the //Co-ordinate box// dialog, change //Origin// to Last point, and give the distance co-ordinates.
782
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 783 [[image:1584538881948-886.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 784
785 Example:
786
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 787 [[image:1584538892644-503.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 788 )))
789 | |(% colspan="2" %)**3D**
790 | |(((
791 Type the distance co-ordinates as:
792
793 R_X_Y_Z or @X,Y,Z
794
795
796
797
798
799 Example:
800
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 801 [[image:1584539393493-908.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 802 )))|(((
803 Launch the //Co-ordinate box// dialog, change //Origin// to Last point, and give the distance co-ordinates.
804
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 805 [[image:1584539398203-636.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 806
807 Example:
808
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 809 [[image:1584539402353-482.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 810 )))
811
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 812 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 813 Table: Relative (A) co-ordinate definition modes
814
815
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 816 (% style="text-align:center" %)
817 [[image:1584539411815-866.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 818
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 819 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 820 Figure: Meaning of Relative (A) way in case of beam and plate definition
821
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 822 === **Relative (B): Distance from a selected point** ===
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 823
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 824 With the help of function key [[image:1584539434842-740.png]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be defined from the point on which the cross-hair cursor is left. The steps of definition:
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 825
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 826 1. Leave the cursor above the required point found by one of the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**(%%), which you would like to define the distance from.
827 1. Click [[image:1584539435991-327.png]] function key.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 828 1. Set the distance co-ordinates in the //Co-ordinate dialog// according to a selected co-ordinate system.
829
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 830 (% style="text-align:center" %)
831 [[image:1584539455451-155.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 832
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 833 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 834 Figure: Column definition with the distance from a slab corner or from a beam endpoint (Relative (B) way)
835
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 836 === **Relative (C): Point defined on line/edge with the distance from the end point** ===
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 837
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 838 With the help of function key [[image:1584539471935-788.png]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be placed accurately on a line/edge defined with a given distance from the closer end point of the line/edge. The steps of definition:
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 839
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 840 1. Leave the cursor above the required line/edge found and next to its end point you would like to define the distance from. The [[image:1584539480933-120.png]] (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Nearest” Object snap tool**(%%)**// //**helps you to find the line/edge.
841 1. Click [[image:1584539472860-489.png]] function key.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 842 1. Set the distance (d) from the closer end-point you left the cursor in the appeared dialog box.
843
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 844 (% style="text-align:center" %)
845 [[image:1584539487345-614.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 846
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 847 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 848 Figure: Column definition on a beam by using the Relative (C) definition mode
849
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 850 == Calculator ==
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 851
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 852 If you press [[image:1584539500131-310.png]] while defining numeric values in a field of a dialog box, the Windows //Calculator// comes up. It is automatically filled with the content of the edit box. When you close the //Calculator//, the value calculated or typed in it will be written into the numeric field. It can be used with both //Normal// and //Scientific// views of the //Calculator//.
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 853
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 854 (% style="text-align:center" %)
855 [[image:1584539505653-872.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 856
Fredrik Lagerström 264.1 857 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 858 Figure: Calculator used in numeric fields of dialog boxes
859
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 860 = {{id name="Working Plane"/}}Working Plane =
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 861
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 862 The default working plane – where the points and coordinates are defined – is the following by different (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**FEM-Design modules**.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 863
Fredrik Lagerström 462.1 864 (% class="table-bordered" style="width:571px" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 865 |(% style="text-align:center; width:214px" %)[[image:1584539615383-826.png]]** **[[image:1584539637758-207.png]]** **[[image:1584539645842-686.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:182px" %)[[image:1584539623073-398.png]]** **[[image:1584539633898-240.png]]|(% style="text-align:center; width:172px" %)[[image:1584539627586-193.png]]
866 |(% colspan="2" style="text-align:center; width:396px" %)Design modules|(% style="text-align:center; width:172px" %)[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Section Editor**>>doc:Manuals.User Manual.Section Editor.WebHome]]
867 |(% style="width:214px" %)Global XY plane|(% style="width:182px" %)Global XY plane|(% style="width:172px" %)Global YZ plane
868 |(% colspan="2" style="text-align:center; width:396px" %)Gravity direction|(% style="width:172px" %)
869 |(% style="width:214px" %)Global Z direction|(% style="width:182px" %)Global Y direction|(% style="width:172px" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 870
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 871 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 872 Table: The default working plane by FEM-Design Modules
873
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 874 As the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**User-Coordinate system**(%%) defines the working plane, its custom position can be set by the UCS definition tools. The [[image:1584539670431-402.png]] //UCS// command (//View// menu or toolbar) gives different definition ways depending on the applied FEM-Design module.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 875
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 876 [[image:1584539676076-347.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 877
878
Fredrik Lagerström 462.1 879 (% class="table-hover" %)
880 |(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)UCS definition tools|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Function|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Note
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 881 |[[image:1584539692590-925.png]] Axis|Defines vertical working plane by the global Z axis and a selected**// //(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)axis(%%)**|Available only in the 3D modules
882 |[[image:1584539698043-884.png]] Storey|Defines horizontal working plane in the plane of a selected (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**storey**|Available only in the 3D modules
883 |[[image:1584539703386-864.png]] Object plane|Defines working plane in the plane/reference plane of a selected drawing/structural region|Available in all modules, but it has not effect on the default working plane in 2D modules, where only the position of the origin changes
884 |[[image:1584539708560-444.png]] 3 points|Defines working plane with 3 given points in their common plane|Available in all modules, but it is useful in 3D modules, where the working plane can be set in arbitrary 3D position with 3 arbitrary points
885 |[[image:1584539714351-179.png]] Global XY plane|Sets the working plane in the global XY plane|Available in all modules, but it has not effect on the default working plane in 2D modules, where only the position of the origin changes
886 |[[image:1584539722846-361.png]] Global XZ plane|Sets the working plane in the global XZ plane|Available only in the 3D modules
887 |[[image:1584539731742-739.png]] Global YZ plane|Sets the working plane in the global YZ plane|Available only in the 3D modules
888 |[[image:1584539736646-730.png]] Origin|Move the current working plane parallel with its original position into a given point|Available in all modules, but it has not effect on the default working plane in 2D modules, where only the position of the origin changes
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 889
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 890 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 891 Table: UCS – working plane definition tools (in Design modules)
892
893
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 894 (% style="text-align:center" %)
895 [[image:1584539749274-233.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 896
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 897 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 898 Figure: Working plane set into one of the global coordinate planes
899
900
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 901 (% style="text-align:center" %)
902 [[image:1584539760930-611.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 903
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 904 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 905 Figure: Custom-defined working planes
906
907
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 908 |(% style="width:101px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1389px" %)It is very important to set correct position (plane) for the structural model. For example, although the default working plane is the Global XY plane in the 3D design modules, place the model of a 2D frame in a vertical (Global Z) plane with the help of a vertical working plane, because the gravity direction is always the Global Z axis direction.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 909
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 910 (% style="text-align:center" %)
911 [[image:1584539816294-746.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 912
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 913 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 914 Figure: Correct model (plane) definition of a 2D frame done in the 3D Frame module
915
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 916 The program automatically sets the working plane into the reference plane of a planar element (plate, wall, surface support, surface load etc.), if you use the //Hole// tool to cut (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**hole in a** **structural element**(%%) or a **load**.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 917
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 918 (% style="text-align:center" %)
919 [[image:1584539840679-262.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 920
Fredrik Lagerström 286.1 921 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 922 Figure: Hole definition automatically sets the working plane into the plane of the attached object
923
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 924 = {{id name="Grid Systems"/}}Grid Systems =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 925
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 926 The program offers a number of aid tools finding specific points and directions while drawing and editing. These are the //Grid system// and the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 927
928 Two grid systems are available in the program: //Construction grid// and //Snap grid//.
929
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 930 == Construction grid ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 931
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 932 By default, //Construction grid// is the grid visible in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**(%%). Of course, it can be hidden at the program settings (//Settings > All > Window > Grid//). That grid sets the characteristic sizes of your project.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 933
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 934 (% style="text-align:center" %)
935 [[image:1584538159454-437.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 936
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 937 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 938 Figure: Construction grid and its settings
939
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 940 You can snap to the raster points of the //Construction grid// permanently by activating the [[image:1584538172177-485.png]] (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Raster” Object snap tool**(%%)**// //**and temporarily by holding down [[image:1584538179396-485.png]] function key. By default, the grid directions are parallel with the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**(%%) axis directions, so you can rotate the grid together with the //UCS//.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 941
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 942 == Snap grid ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 943
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 944 Although //Snap grid// is an invisible grid, you can join to its raster points permanently ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Raster tool**(%%)) or temporarily [[image:1584538182403-581.png]] as written before at //Construction grid//. The distribution of the grid can be set at //Object snap tools// or at //Settings > All > Window > Snap//. The grid distribution can be set as default for the project/program in the latter setting dialog.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 945
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 946 (% style="text-align:center" %)
947 [[image:1584538202100-801.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 948
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 949 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 950 Figure: Snap grid and its settings
951
952 The X and Y directions are always parallel with the //UCS// axes.
953
954 Settings affect the //Snap grid// (//Raster// dialog box):
955
956 * **Dot cursor**
957 If it is active, a small black dot shows the grid points at applied //Raster// snap.
Fredrik Lagerström 213.1 958
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 959 * **Sensitivity**
960 It sets the sensitivity area of the raster snap for both the grids and other snapping tools. The sensitivity is constant while zooming.
961
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 962 = {{id name="Object Snap Tools"/}}Object Snap Tools =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 963
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 964 The //Object snap tools// finds and joins to special points of drawing elements and objects. The cursor form changes to the symbol of the actually used //Object snap tool//. A snap tool can be activated permanently by clicking its icon on the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**(%%) or checking its box in the //Raster// dialog box. The dialog shows the hotkeys of the snap tools activate the current tool temporarily while holding down the key.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 965
Fredrik Lagerström 455.7 966 |(% colspan="2" style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)Object snap tool|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Function**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Hotkey**|(% style="background-color:#0076cb" %)(% style="color:#ffffff" %)**Example**
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 967 |(((
968 Select closest/
969
970 Farthest point
971 )))|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 972 [[image:1584539920244-607.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 973
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 974 [[image:1584539924573-571.png]]
975 )))|Two states: finds the closest or the farthest point/element from the overlapped ones|-|[[image:1584539929369-295.png]]
976 |Raster|[[image:1584540070454-557.png]]|Activates the Snap grip and finds its points|[[image:1584539940350-190.png]]|[[image:1584539935593-324.png]]
977 |Orthogonal|[[image:1584540076294-900.png]]|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 978 Defines straight directions parallel with the UCS axes
979
980 Available for line-type elements
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 981 )))|[[image:1584539946253-827.png]]|[[image:1584540065169-339.png]]
982 |End point|[[image:1584540082050-158.png]]|Joins to point, corner point and endpoint|[[image:1584539951154-349.png]]|[[image:1584540060117-944.png]]
983 |Middle|[[image:1584540088274-380.png]]|Joins to line/edge midpoint|[[image:1584539957349-525.png]]|[[image:1584539962702-505.png]]
984 |Center|[[image:1584540022778-741.png]]|Joins to the center of circle/ arc/circular surface|[[image:1584539969505-863.png]]|[[image:1584540018054-352.png]]
985 |Nearest|[[image:1584540027857-998.png]]|(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 986 Finds line/edge with its points
987
988 It joins to line/edge with the closest point to the cross-hair
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 989 )))|[[image:1584539973935-292.png]]|[[image:1584540012639-663.png]]
990 |Perpendicular|[[image:1584540035830-447.png]]|Locates the point on an element that forms a perpendicular line to it from the last set point|[[image:1584539979607-389.png]]|[[image:1584540007643-205.png]]
991 |Intersection|[[image:1584540041407-349.png]]|Finds the nearest intersection point of two elements|[[image:1584539986551-497.png]]|[[image:1584540001618-499.png]]
992 |Tangent|[[image:1584540047367-188.png]]|Locates the point on a circular/ curved element that forms a tangential line from the last set point|[[image:1584539991217-586.png]]|[[image:1584539995605-802.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 993
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 994 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 995 Table: Object snap tools
996
997
998 Settings affect to the //Object snap tools //(//Raster// dialog box):
999
1000 * **Dot cursor**
1001 If it is active, a small black dot shows the points found by the applied //Raster// tool.
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 1002
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1003 * **Symbol cursor**
1004 If it is active, the symbol of the current //Object snap tool// when the cursor finds the similar snap point.
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 1005
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1006 * **Sensitivity**
1007 It sets the sensitivity area of the raster snap for both the grids and other snapping tools. The sensitivity is constant while zooming. Too high //Sensitivity// value makes more difficult to find a point from the neighbors close to it.
1008
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 1009 |[[image:light.png]]|Snap will not work on objects obscured by other elements (such as surfaces) outside of //Wireframe//.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1010
Fredrik Lagerström 318.1 1011 User can exclude entire Drawing layers from the snapping on its objects. For more information see (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**„No snap” option**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1012
Fredrik Lagerström 455.8 1013 = {{id name="Input Devices"/}}Input Devices =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1014
1015 The following figure summarizes the main keyboard and mouse functions. Of course, these functions, which depend on the current working mode (drawing, editing, selection, documentation or no command is running), are mentioned at the related topics of this user manual.
1016
Fredrik Lagerström 332.1 1017 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1018 [[image:1584540197340-252.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1019
Fredrik Lagerström 332.1 1020 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1021 Figure: Keyboard and mouse functions
1022
1023 From the above displayed buttons, the following ones have special functionalities during drawing/editing:
1024
Fredrik Lagerström 332.1 1025 |[[image:1584540331895-152.png]] ... [[image:1584540348371-865.png]]|Activate temporarily the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap**(%%) functions.
1026 |[[image:1584540343098-500.png]]|Defines point on a line or edge by giving distance from the closest end point ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (C)**(%%)).
1027 |[[image:1584540356631-714.png]]|Inserts a relative point from the position of the crosshair cursor ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (B)**(%%)).
1028 |[[image:1584540362491-692.png]]|Moves (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**(%%) to the position of the crosshair cursor.
1029 |[[image:1584540368483-343.png]] + [[image:1584540383541-705.png]]|Moves UCS back to the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Global co-ordinate system**(%%) position (original state).
1030 |[[image:1584540377629-706.png]]|(((
1031 Pressing 1^^st^^ Esc breaks the current command (e.g. placing a structural element).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1032
1033 For pressing 2^^nd^^ Esc the active tool palette closes.
Fredrik Lagerström 332.1 1034 )))
1035 |[[image:1584540389622-967.png]]|Opens the properties dialog ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Default settings**(%%)) of the current command.
1036 |[[image:1584540396419-615.png]]|Confirms data input / repeats the last command / finishes multi-selection.
1037 |[[image:1584540401964-187.png]]|Restarts the steps of the current command.
1038 |[[image:1584540406226-947.png]]|Goes back to previous step in a multi-step command.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1039
Fredrik Lagerström 332.1 1040 Some commands can be accessed by hotkeys. See those commands in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Menu bar**(%%) or in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Toolbars**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1041
Fredrik Lagerström 455.8 1042 = {{id name="Selections"/}}Selections =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1043
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1044 == **Mouse and keyboard selection** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1045
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1046 FEM-Design offers various selection modes to select objects for requiring and modifying their properties and for editing. If selection is possible, the available selection modes appear in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Command line**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1047
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1048 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1049 [[image:1584540453885-722.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1050
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1051 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1052 Figure: Selection modes displayed in the Command line
1053
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1054 |[[image:light.png]]|Use [[image:1584540503252-693.png]] to restart selection, if you make mistakes while selecting.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1055
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1056 == **Box selection** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1057
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1058 Rectangular selection box can be defined with two points placed with the [[image:1584540512028-683.png]] mouse button. Depending on the box definition, the box selects elements:
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1059
1060 * that are fully in the defined rectangular area                       →     the end corner of the box is on the right from the start one,
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1061 * that are fully or partly (intersected) in the defined area  →     the end corner of the box is on the left from the start one.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1062
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1063 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1064 [[image:1584540526312-870.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1065
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1066 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1067 Figure: Box selection modes
1068
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1069 == **Object selection** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1070
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1071 Use [[image:1584540537074-157.png]] on an object to select it directly. If you click on a common part of more objects, the first drawn one will be selected.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1072
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1073 Holding [[image:1584540558567-862.png]] pressed and by using [[image:1584540564551-407.png]] objects can be added to or subtract from the current selection.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1074
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1075 == **Selection of same type elements** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1076
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1077 It is a quick selection to select visible elements defined with the same command (e.g. selection of all walls created by the //Wall// command). Just hold down [[image:1584540570950-302.png]] and select on element (e.g. one wall element) with [[image:1584540539457-811.png]] , and all same type elements will be selected (e.g. all walls) independently their properties differ or not.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1078
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1079 == **Select all** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1080
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1081 Depending on the current command, all visible elements (e.g. for the //Edit > Move// command) or all visible same type elements (e.g. for the //Properties// tool) will be selected by using [[image:1584540593271-434.png]] and [[image:1584540601842-916.png]] together.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1082
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1083 == **Multiple-selection** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1084
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1085 * ‘+’ sign is drawn if multiply selection is active (by pressing [[image:1584540591106-171.png]] )
1086 [[image:1584540614110-832.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1087 * The selection box has different colours depending on the way of the selection:
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1088 (% start="1" style="list-style-type:lower-alpha" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1089 *1. By ‘left-to-right’ selection (the included objects get selected) the colour of the selection box is blue.
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1090 [[image:1584540634349-461.png]]
1091
1092 *1. By ‘right-to-left’ selection (all intersected objects get selected) the colour of the selection box is green.
1093 [[image:1584540674388-107.png]]
1094
1095 *1. By area selection (e.g. to print the selected area) the colour of the selection box is grey.
1096 [[image:1584540696608-820.png]]
1097
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1098
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1099 Multiple selection can be ended by [[image:1584540709849-138.png]] + [[image:1584540542433-847.png]]**// //** (it has the same effect like pressing [[image:1584540722536-649.png]] ).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1100
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1101 * For pressing [[image:1584540712365-549.png]] + [[image:1584540544465-727.png]]**// //** in the application window (without any active tool palette) the quick menu appears.
1102 * When a tool palette (e.g. Beam tool palette or Point load tool palette) is active, for pressing [[image:1584540715819-107.png]] + [[image:1584540546512-678.png]]**// //** the properties of the items belonging to the active window appear.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1103
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1104 == **Filter selection** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1105
1106 Filter is a pop-up window in the workspace, which helps to select the requested objects easily for all kind of editing and modifying functions. When clicking on it, the following appears:
1107
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1108 [[image:1584540735817-825.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1109
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1110 With the cursor pointing on Point support group **”(% style="color:#27ae60" %)+(%%)”**, **“(% style="color:#c0392b" %)-(%%)“ **and ”(% style="color:#f1c40f" %)**&**(%%)” buttons appear, enabling the user to add or remove point support group elements. If you want to select most, but not all of the point support groups, you should click **”(% style="color:#27ae60" %)+(%%)”**, and then “Continue” for deselecting the few individual supports not needed for the selection.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1111
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1112 The ”(% style="color:#f1c40f" %)**&**(%%)” button works as an “AND” boolean operator: If you want to select the columns on the second storey, you have to click **”(% style="color:#27ae60" %)+(%%)” **at column and then ”(% style="color:#f1c40f" %)**&**(%%)” at storey 2.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1113
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1114 After closing the Filter palette, it can be switched on again by a right click on any toolbar, or on the main menu zone. Another way is available through Settings>All…>Environment>General>View, where filter palette can switched on and off:
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1115
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1116 [[image:1584540811194-956.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1117
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1118 User defined filter [[image:1584540834379-665.png]] in Tools menu is a function for saving some frequently used selections. If you define a filter of your own, it will appear at the bottom of the list. When defining, a name has to be given and then desired objects have to be selected. A window appears “Filter has been created.”After this, if needed, with properties ”?”, the name of the block can be modified; with “+” you can add other members, and with “-“, you can remove undesired ones.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1119
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1120 It also can be exploded with [[image:1584541535319-672.png]] :
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1121
Fredrik Lagerström 363.1 1122 [[image:1584541545545-912.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1123
1124 At first (like in the figure above) “OK” is grey, but after clicking on Explode button “OK” becomes active. Don’t forget to validate the explosion with “OK”, before closing this window.
1125
Fredrik Lagerström 455.8 1126 = {{id name="Point and Direction Editors"/}}Point/Direction Editors =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1127
1128 The program offers
1129
Fredrik Lagerström 455.2 1130 The program offers tools for defining special points and directions while drawing and editing. You can reach them from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1131
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1132 |(% colspan="2" style="width:170px" %)Object snap tool|(% style="width:248px" %)**Function**|(% colspan="2" %)**Example**
1133 |Multi steps|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541609127-170.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)Fixes reference points defined by the following tools|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1134 //Define a new point with X=Y=1m distances from the virtual intersection of two predefined lines~://
1135
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1136 Launch //Point// (//Draw// menu), and then activate both [[image:1584541660383-478.png]] and [[image:1584541666241-885.png]] . Define the virtual intersection of the two lines and place the cursor close to it. Press [[image:1584541672093-107.png]] and type 1 [m] for X and Y in the //Co-ordinate dialog box.// Pressing [[image:1584541655178-130.png]] on //Status bar// defines the new point.
1137 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 67.2 1138
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1139
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1140 [[image:1584541619550-677.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1141 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1142 |Virtual intersections of lines|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541614196-321.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)Edits the intersection of two lines crossed virtually each other|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1143 //Start a new line from the virtual intersection of two predefined lines~://
1144
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1145 Launch //Line //(//Draw //menu), then activate [[image:1584541647347-350.png]] , and select the two lines one-by-one. The new line starts from the virtual intersection.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1146
1147
1148
1149
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1150 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)[[image:1584541625248-759.png]]
1151 |Divider point|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541635334-839.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1152 Edits a point on a straight-line with a given ratio:
1153
1154 ratio = the distance of the divider and start point divided by the section length
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1155 )))|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1156 //Draw a new line from the quarter point of another line~://
1157
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1158 Launch //Line //(//Draw //menu), and then activate [[image:1584541641555-348.png]] . Define the start and end point of the line (section), and set the ration to 0.25 (from the start point). The new line starts from the quarter point of the defined section.
1159 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1160
1161
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1162 [[image:1584541630438-106.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1163 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1164 |Parallel with line|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541684944-708.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)Defines direction parallel with a line|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1165 //Draw a new line parallel with another line starting from a point~://
1166
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1167 Launch //Line //(//Draw //menu), and define the start point of the new line in the point. Activate [[image:1584541685995-498.png]] and select the line. Click the point again and finally define the end point of the new line.
1168 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1169
1170
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1171 [[image:1584541691295-400.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1172 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1173 |Perpendicular from line|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541720513-546.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 386.1 1174 Defines direction perpendicular from a line
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1175 )))|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1176 //Draw a new line perpendicular from a fixed point of an arc~://
1177
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1178 Launch //Line //(//Draw //menu), and define the start point of the new line in the fixed point. Activate [[image:1584541725701-888.png]] and select the arc. Click the fixed point again and finally define the end point of the new line.
1179 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)[[image:1584541695936-532.png]]
1180 |Tangent from line|(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584541711599-951.png]]|(% style="width:248px" %)Defines tangent direction from an arc|(% style="width:859px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1181 //Draw a new line tangent with an arc and starts from a fixed point of the arc.//
1182
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1183 Launch //Line //(//Draw //menu), and define the start point of the new line in the fixed point. Activate [[image:1584541713326-427.png]] and select the arc. Click the fixed point again and finally define the end point of the new line.
1184 )))|(% style="width:213px" %)(((
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1185
1186
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1187 [[image:1584541703575-951.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1188 )))
1189
Fredrik Lagerström 385.1 1190 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1191 Table: Point and direction editors
1192
Fredrik Lagerström 455.8 1193 = {{id name="Navigation"/}}Navigation =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1194
1195 Thanks to the improved video engine, the advantage of all modern displaying technologies such as live pan, live rotation, live zoom, special display modes and transparency (see the next chapter) is available in FEM-Design.
1196
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1197 |[[image:light.png]]|The suitable graphic engine can be set at (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > All > Environment > General > Graphic engine**.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1198
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1199 == Pan ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1200
1201 Panning view on the drawing area can be done in different ways. “Panning” modifies the current view only and not the position of elements.
1202
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1203 |(% style="width:71px" %)[[image:1584541879497-911.png]]|(% style="width:1419px" %)First start //Animate pan// from the //View// menu or //View// toolbar, then press [[image:1584541912084-338.png]] or [[image:1584541940233-167.png]] and drag the mouse to pan the current view. If you are in panning mode, you cannot edit the model and the currently running command is also paused. Click [[image:1584541953389-453.png]] to exit panning mode and return to editing mode.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1204
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1205 However, while in editing mode, you can temporarily simulate //Animate pan// by pressing the [[image:1584541962993-884.png]] to pan the view. Release the mouse button to stop panning.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1206
1207 With the command //Pan //(//View //menu) the current view can be moved with a displacement vector defined by two points.
1208
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1209 == Zoom ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1210
1211 Different tools allow you to zoom on the current view.
1212
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1213 == Live zoom ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1214
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1215 |(% style="width:114px" %)[[image:1584541982157-493.png]]|(% style="width:1376px" %)(((
1216 First start //Animate zoom// from the //View// menu or //View// toolbar, then press [[image:1584541913870-455.png]] or [[image:1584541922123-801.png]] and finally move the mouse up to zoom in or move it down to zoom out. If you are in zooming mode, you cannot edit the model and the currently running command is also paused. Click [[image:1584542006307-211.png]] to exit zooming mode and return to editing mode.
1217 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1218
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1219 However, while in editing mode, you can temporarily simulate //Animate zoom// by scrolling [[image:1584541926811-598.png]] forward to //zoom in// or backward to //zoom out//.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1220
1221 **Other zooming tools of View menu**
1222
1223 |(% colspan="2" %)Zooming tools|**Function**
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1224 |Zoom margin|[[image:1584542015021-395.png]]|Fits the view to all visible elements and leaves a 5% additional margin around it
1225 |Zoom in|[[image:1584542020341-118.png]]|Enlarges the view area defined with a box and fits it to the current window size
1226 |Zoom out|[[image:1584542025848-629.png]]|Displays the current view in the defined box area
1227 |Zoom enlarge|[[image:1584542033144-656.png]]|Zooms in to the 133% of the actual size
1228 |Zoom reduce|[[image:1584542038858-625.png]]|Zooms out to the 75% of the actual size
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1229
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1230 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1231 Table: Zooming tools
1232
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1233 == Orbit ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1234
1235 View rotation can be done in different ways. “Orbit” modifies the current view only and not the position of elements.
1236
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1237 |(% style="width:96px" %)[[image:1584542063828-524.png]]|(% style="width:1394px" %)First start //Orbit //[[image:1584542090957-850.png]] from the //View// menu or //View// toolbar, then press [[image:1584542096375-762.png]] or [[image:1584541930926-995.png]] and drag the mouse to turn the model around its center point. If you are in rotation mode, you cannot edit the model and the currently running command is also paused. Click [[image:1584542103577-570.png]] to exit rotation mode and return to editing mode.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1238
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1239 However, while in editing mode, you can temporarily simulate //Orbit// by pressing [[image:1584542109198-582.png]] together with [[image:1584541933761-337.png]] to orbit the model. Release the keys to stop rotating.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1240
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1241 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1242 [[image:1584542119834-795.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1243
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1244 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1245 Figure: Temporary Orbit
1246
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1247 Alternatively, you can press [[image:1584542131701-486.png]] together with [[image:1584542137439-171.png]] to orbit around the closest valid snapping point to the cursor; in some cases, this may result in a more predictable orbiting behaviour. Valid snapping points include points specified by the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**(%%) tool, or outside //Wireframe// view mode, also the closest surface point to the cursor.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1248
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1249 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1250 [[image:1584542169711-962.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1251
1252 Rotation view can be set in a dialog box too with the command //3D Rotation //(//View //menu).
1253
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1254 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1255 [[image:1584542200503-194.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1256
1257
Fredrik Lagerström 415.1 1258 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1259 Figure: Rotation by dialog box
1260
Fredrik Lagerström 455.8 1261 = {{id name="Views"/}}Views =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1262
1263 Besides of navigation tools, specific built-in 2D and 3D views can be used to set the required project view. All views can be stored with given names (user-defined views).
1264
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1265 == **Built-in views** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1266
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1267 [[image:1584542320420-959.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1268
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1269 (% class="wikigeneratedid" id="HBuilt-inviews" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1270 Just click one of the following view buttons to set a specific 2D view or a general 3D view:
1271
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1272 == **User defined views and Home view** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1273
1274 To return frequently to a view of the current project, you can save it as “//Home view//” (//View > Home view > Save as//). //Choose View > Home view > Return// to set this view just with one-click. //Home view// is saved with the project.
1275
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1276 Current view can be also saved with names in a dialog appeared by clicking [[image:1584542391298-734.png]] (//View > User defined views//) or using [[image:1584542400506-274.png]] +[[image:1584542439686-465.png]] . Define a name and click //Add //to store the view. If you have more than one user defined views, //Select// displays preview of them. To use a stored view as the current one, click //Select and exit//. The list does not contain the //Home view//. User defined views can be saved with the //2D// and //3D View// commands too.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1277
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1278 [[image:1584542432941-107.png]] specifies a section view, which contains objects within a given range (//Tolerance//), while [[image:1584542409737-510.png]] defines a space view perpendicular to a given plane. The section/plane can be defined with the following tools:
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1279
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1280 [[image:1584542418145-971.png]] [[image:1584542423218-831.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1281
1282 Figure: 2D and 3D View commands
1283
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1284 == **Vertical plane** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1285
1286 Creates a section/view parallel with the global Z axis by selecting two points.
1287
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1288 == **Horizontal plane** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1289
1290 Creates a section/view perpendicular to the global Z axis by selecting two points.
1291
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1292 == **Object plane** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1293
1294 The section/view plane is parallel with a selected region (//Plate//, //Wall// etc.) plane. The final direction can be set by moving the cursor at the selected storey. The view direction is always the opposite of the local Z’ direction of the selected surface object.
1295
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1296 == **3 points** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1297
1298 The section/view plane is defined by adding three points. The first point defines the origin, then the second point defines the X direction together with the first one, and finally the third point defines the Y directional extension of the plane. The last point also defines the view direction (an arrow shows it).
1299
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1300 == **User Co-ordinate System** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1301
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1302 The section/view plane is set to the X-Y plane of the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**(%%). The view direction is always the opposite of the Z axis of the //UCS//.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1303
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1304 == **Dialog** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1305
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1306 With this tool, you can define the position of the section/view plane in a dialog box. At //3D View//, //Dialog// opens (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**3D Rotation**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1307
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1308 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1309 [[image:1584542487834-378.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1310
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1311 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1312 Figure: Section/view plane definitions in dialogs
1313
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1314 == **Swapping among views** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1315
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1316 Moving one step back from the current view, zoom operations etc., click [[image:1584542509882-519.png]] (//View > Previous view//) or use [[image:1584542518274-287.png]] +[[image:1584542542086-958.png]] . To go to the next view, click [[image:1584542530035-893.png]] (//View > Next view//) or use [[image:1584542516983-590.png]] +[[image:1584542536597-724.png]] .
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1317
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1318 == **Select view** ==
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1319
1320 With this tool, you can select some specific views (Storey view, Axis view and User defined view).
1321
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1322 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1323 [[image:1584542550416-670.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1324
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1325 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1326 Figure: Example for using Select view command
1327
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1328 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1329 [[image:1584542567569-899.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1330
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1331 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1332 Figure: List of selectable views
1333
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1334 After choosing Storey 2 you can see all the elements belonging to the current level, but for example, if you have high columns going through the whole building, they will belong only to the level where they have been created. You can return to previous view by clicking on the icon [[image:1584542583102-248.png]] again and then selecting “Return to 3D view”.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1335
1336 You can also obtain cross-sections of the whole building. By choosing axis no. 1. (which is the global X axis) in the example above, this is what you can see:
1337
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1338 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1339 [[image:1584542594311-655.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1340
Fredrik Lagerström 435.1 1341 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1342 Figure: Cross-section view of the building
1343
1344 The green dots emphasized with the blue arrows in the figure above indicate the truss elements pointing out of the plane determined by the current axis and global Z.
1345
1346 The name of the selected view is displayed in the upper left corner under the current code.
1347
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1348 [[image:1584534025332-324.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1349
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1350 = {{id name="Display Modes"/}}Display Modes =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1351
1352 Thanks to the graphic engine, the following display modes (//View// menu or //View// toolbar) are available:
1353
1354 **Wireframe**
1355
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1356 [[image:1584542641616-498.png]] or [[image:1584542728751-352.png]] + [[image:1584542762858-239.png]] displays the model with all edges and lines drawn, but with no surfaces drawn.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1357
1358 **Hidden line**
1359
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1360 [[image:1584542649793-139.png]] or [[image:1584542740726-313.png]] + [[image:1584542755569-737.png]] displays the model with all edges and lines drawn except those covered by surfaces.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1361
1362 **Shading**
1363
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1364 [[image:1584542655024-213.png]] or [[image:1584542737942-921.png]] + [[image:1584542748254-297.png]] displays the model with all surfaces shaded according to their assigned layer color. A default (non-editable) light source provides illumination for shading. All non-building elements such as drawing elements (lines, regions, texts etc.), loads, supports and the grid-system (if not hidden) are also displayed in shading mode.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1365
1366 **Shading with edges**
1367
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1368 [[image:1584542660246-154.png]] or [[image:1584542730989-930.png]] + [[image:1584542768810-456.png]] displays the non-occluded edges of the model in addition to //Shading// mode.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1369
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1370 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1371 [[image:1584542707107-514.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1372
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1373 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1374 Figure: The meanings of the view modes
1375
1376 **Display thickness**
1377
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1378 [[image:1584542792382-132.png]] is a quick tool developed to real-time display or hide 3D solid representation of structural objects (//Plate//, //Wall// etc.). It’s a switch that can be turned on/off in the //View// menu/toolbar or by using [[image:1584542800253-474.png]] +[[image:1584542806315-476.png]] .
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1379
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1380 (% style="margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; width:512px" %)
1381 |(% style="width:257px" %) |(% style="width:121px" %)**ON**|(% style="width:131px" %)**OFF**
1382 |(% style="width:257px" %)Beam, Column and Truss member|(% style="width:121px" %)3D solid|(% style="width:131px" %)Reference line
1383 |(% style="width:257px" %)Shell|(% style="width:121px" %)3D solid|(% style="width:131px" %)Reference plane
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1384
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1385 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1386 Table: The visual effects of “Display thickness” switch status on element types
1387
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1388 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1389 [[image:1584542920551-923.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1390
Fredrik Lagerström 453.1 1391 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1392 Figure: The statuses of “Display Thickness”
1393
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1394 = {{id name="Hiding Element"/}}Hiding Element =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1395
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1396 |(% style="width:64px" %)[[image:1584537936986-554.png]]|(% style="width:1443px" %)The hide and show functions are merged in one command called //Hide/show objects//, which is available in the //View// menu/toolbar or by using [[image:1584537961539-667.png]] +[[image:1584537968455-837.png]] . To hide elements use the //Hide// tool for selecting them. The selected elements are displayed as transparent till closing the command and then they disappear on screen. Resuming the command, the transparent objects represent the previously hidden objects. Apply the //Show// tool to display hidden elements again by selecting them. Click //All (!)// to hide or show immediately (without any selection) every project elements depending on the //Hide// or the //Show// tool is the active.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1397
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1398 |[[image:1584537993812-615.png]]|Hide all stories of the building except the first story and the ground floor.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1399
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1400 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1401 [[image:1584538015940-915.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1402
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1403 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1404 Figure: Hide tool and box selection
1405
1406 Unhide the second and third stories.
1407
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1408 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1409 [[image:1584538047978-473.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1410
Fredrik Lagerström 207.1 1411 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1412 Figure: Show tool and box selection
1413
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1414 = {{id name="Transparency"/}}Transparency =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1415
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1416 |(% style="width:62px" %)[[image:1584537621968-254.png]]|(% style="width:1428px" %)Transparency can be set for all element types such as structural objects, drawing elements, loads, supports etc. Start the //Transparency// command from the //View// menu or //View// toolbar or with [[image:1584537640851-113.png]] +[[image:1584537646320-716.png]] . Set the transparency value in the //Set transparency// dialog and then select elements you would like to display as transparent.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1417
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1418 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1419 [[image:1584537654195-256.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1420
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1421 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1422 Figure: Example for Transparency
1423
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1424 (% style="width:868px" %)
1425 |[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:716px" %)To reset transparency settings to opaque for all elements, set the transparency value to 0% and click **//All//** (!).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1426
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1427 At solid ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Display thickness**(%%)**// //**switch is on) and (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Hidden line/Shaded**(%%) representation of plates/walls, the finite element mesh can be displayed, if transparency is given for the host surface element.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1428
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1429 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1430 [[image:1584537795879-163.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1431
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1432 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1433 Figure: Display finite elements in solid and shaded view
1434
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1435 |[[image:1584537813511-351.png]]|To set the transparency of all walls to 50% in a project, select one wall with [[image:1584537828663-182.png]] //+//[[image:1584537835426-934.png]] .
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1436
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1437 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1438 [[image:1584537855829-643.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1439
Fredrik Lagerström 200.1 1440 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1441 Figure: Transparency command combined with “Select type” selection
1442
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1443 = {{id name="Axis"/}}Axis =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1444
1445 //Axes// (Axis objects) have multifunction in FEM-Design. They can be used to find special points and to define different kind of planes:
1446
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1447 * **Intersections of axes**
1448 [[image:1584534114970-331.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1449 Figure: Intersections may define column base points
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1450
1451 * (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**(%%)
1452 [[image:1584534155666-909.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1453 Figure: Working plane defined on an axis by UCS
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1454
1455 * **View planes ((% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)2D View and 3D View(%%) commands)**
1456 * **Project planes (used in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)model transfer between the FEM-Design modules(%%))**
1457 [[image:1584534224633-899.png]] //Wall// module can open an axis plane defined in the [[image:1584534243024-768.png]] //3D Structure// model and imports the walls attached to the view.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1458
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1459 New axis or axis-system can be defined with the  [[image:1584534263441-700.png]]// // //Axis// command of the [[image:1584534270926-937.png]] tabmenu. Both constant and variable distribution of axes can be defined in the //Axis// tool palette.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1460
1461 **Definition steps**
1462
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1463 1. Set the required horizontal (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**(%%) (UCS), where you would like to place axis/axes.
1464 1. Use the [[image:1584534286532-863.png]] //Define// tool. Define the distribution in the //Multiple axes description// field. If distance is not defined, you can place one axis object as a line on the //UCS// working plane.
Fredrik Lagerström 188.1 1465 \\Constant spacing:
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1466 //(n-1)xd//                                       where //n// means the numbers of axes, //x// is the multiplication sign and //d //means the distances between the axes.
Fredrik Lagerström 188.1 1467 \\Variable spacing:
1468 //(n1-1)xd1,(n2-1)xd2,...//  where //ni// means the numbers of axes per different spacing, //x// is the multiplication sign and //di //means the different distances.
Fredrik Lagerström 461.1 1469 \\[[image:1586250172471-403.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1470 Figure: Axis-system with constant and variable spacing
1471 1. Label type (//Number// or //Letter//), starting character (//No/Letter//) and //Prefix// can be defined for the new axis/axis-system in the //Axis// tool palette.
Fredrik Lagerström 188.1 1472 1. Display settings of axis symbols, colors and label can be set at [[image:1584537384178-315.png]] //Default settings//.
1473 1. An axis or the start axis of a system can be easily defined as a line with 2 points in the working plane. The distribution orientation can be changed by clicking [[image:1584534358296-971.png]] before the definition of the axis end point. The program places all axes on the //Axes// (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1474
1475 Optional steps:
1476
Fredrik Lagerström 188.1 1477 (% start="6" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1478 1. The numbering of an axis or one direction of an axis-system can be modified with the [[image:1584534352090-284.png]] //Renumbering// tool. Define new (start) numbering value in //No/Letter// field, and then select the axis you would like to renumber.
1479 1. Display settings of the axis symbols can be modified with the [[image:1584534345415-258.png]] //Properties// tool.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1480
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1481 = {{id name="Storey"/}}Storey =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1482
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1483 //Stories// (Story objects) have multifunction in the [[image:1584534307330-961.png]]** **//3D Frame// and** **[[image:1584534315446-217.png]] //3D Structure// modules. They can be used to define different kind of planes:
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1484
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1485 * (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**(%%)
1486 [[image:1584536550296-441.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1487 Figure: Working plane defined on a storey by UCS
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1488
1489 * **Project planes (used in the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)model transfer between the FEM-Design modules(%%))**
1490 [[image:1584536585976-493.png]] //Plate// module can open storey defined in the [[image:1584536607083-794.png]] //3D Structure// model and imports the slabs, the supports and the loads attached to the loaded storey.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1491
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1492 New storey or storey-system can be defined with the [[image:1584536653224-615.png]] //Storey// command of the [[image:1584536659573-171.png]] tabmenu. Both constant and variable distribution of stories can be defined manually in the //Storey// dialog box.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1493
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1494 (% style="text-align:center" %)
1495 [[image:1584536668129-734.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1496
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1497 (% style="text-align: center;" %)
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1498 Figure: Storey dialog box
1499
1500 **Definition steps**
1501
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1502 1. Set the //Horizontal size of the building//. This rectangular size will be the floor plane size of the storey object.(((
1503 |[[image:warning.png]]|The horizontal size and the summa height (see later), which define the whole model size, effect the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**(%%)**// //**calculation.
1504 )))
1505 1. Set the height of the //Ground level //and //Bottommost level//.(((
1506 |[[image:warning.png]]|//Ground level// also effect to the (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**(%%)**// //**calculation, because the load values depend on the distance from the foundation level.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1507
1508 **Bottommost level**
1509 This is the storey’s origin height, so the storeys are starting from this level.
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1510
1511 )))
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1512 1. To define the first storey, set a name for it in the //Storey// cell of the first row, and then give the //Height// of the storey. Then, define further required stories in the same way. You can also edit the level of a storey that automatically updates the story height.
1513 1. Set the display settings (symbol and label size of the level dimensions) at //Properties//.
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1514 1. Clicking //OK g//enerates and displays the storey-system in the project. The program places all stories on the //Stories// (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**(%%).
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1515
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1516 Creating a storey-system automatically generates view planes by stories. Fast navigation among those storeys can be done with the keyboard or by using (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Select view**(%%):
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1517
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1518 [[image:1584536865347-655.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1519
1520 Figure: Navigation by Storey
1521
1522 In //Settings/Display/Storey// dialog you can choose from three options for the appearance of the given storey.
1523
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1524 [[image:1584536902572-360.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1525
1526 All objects are displayed which are in the plane of the storey or crossing the storey above or below according to the selected setting.
1527
1528 If the //Modify structure //is enabled the structure follows the storey system modification, otherwise not.
1529
1530 The modifications displayed with three color code, if the //Modify structure //is active:
1531
1532 * green: new storey
1533 * yellow: modified stroey
1534 * red: deleted storey
1535
1536 When the //Apply //button is pressed the modifications proceed immediately without closing the dialog. The following pictures shows this feature though a 4-storey building, where the //Storey 4// will be **deleted**, a **new storey is added** and the //Storey 3// **height is increased** to 4.0 meters.
1537
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1538 [[image:1584536934306-325.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1539
Fredrik Lagerström 185.1 1540 [[image:1584536992365-610.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1541
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1542 = {{id name="Find"/}}Find =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1543
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1544 “Find” can be used for finding structural and analytical elements with a given ID (A.1), some finite elements [[image:1584534397545-769.png]] , nodes [[image:1584534403377-203.png]] ,.blocks [[image:1584534408615-653.png]] , user defined filters [[image:1584534415549-709.png]] ., or global unique identifier (GUID) [[image:1584534422816-900.png]] .
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1545
1546 You can scroll down all the members of the current type.
1547
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1548 [[image:1584534431535-112.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1549
1550 You can scroll down all the members of the current type.
1551
Fredrik Lagerström 455.9 1552 = {{id name="Reference plane"/}}Reference plane =
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1553
1554 Reference plane is an auxiliary object, which allows User to align elements to it.
1555
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1556 Click the //Reference plane //icon [[image:1584534474482-681.png]] in //Structure tab//.
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1557
1558 You can type a //Description// for the //Reference plane// in the tool window or in the Default properties.
1559
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1560 [[image:1584534481714-460.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1561
Fredrik Lagerström 169.2 1562 [[image:1584534487051-691.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1563
1564 //Reference plane// can be drawn in any plane. It is displayed by the region contours with the predefined description.
1565
Fredrik Lagerström 171.1 1566 [[image:1584534517414-538.png]]
Fredrik Lagerström 68.1 1567
1568 The //Reference plane// can be used for align regions to it and also can be used by //Correct model// tool to fit structural objects to.
1569
Fredrik Lagerström 171.1 1570 |(% style="width:98px" %)[[image:light.png]]|(% style="width:1352px" %)(((
1571 //Reference planes// can be exported into/imported from Autodesk Revit via [[StruXML>>doc:FEM-Design API.StruXML.WebHome]] format.
1572 )))