<
From version < 67.1 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/18 11:15
To version < 67.2 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/18 11:16
>
Change comment: There is no comment for this version

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... ... @@ -136,7 +136,7 @@
136 136  
137 137  Clicking //Settings > All// opens a dialog with all available settings of the program and the current project.
138 138  
139 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.png]]
139 +[[image:1584526396270-287.png]]
140 140  
141 141  Figure: Project and program settings
142 142  
... ... @@ -328,7 +328,7 @@
328 328  
329 329  Figure: Available units
330 330  
331 -=== Data Safety ===
331 += Data Safety =
332 332  
333 333  Time saving and protection system ensures more the data safety of working files.
334 334  
... ... @@ -367,7 +367,569 @@
367 367  
368 368  Opening a protected file sends the warning message: “//The file is locked by another user or process.//” You are allowed to open and modify the content of a protected file, but changes can be saved only under a new name (//File > Save as//).
369 369  
370 -=== Element Types ===
370 += Element Types =
371 371  
372 372  
373 373  Two main types
374 +
375 +Two main types of elements are available in FEM-Design: //Drawing elements// and (structural) //Objects//. These element types are stored in different **//Layer-systems//** and have different kind of property and display settings.
376 +
377 +
378 +
379 +==== Drawing Elements ====
380 +
381 +
382 +|Type|**Command**|**Property and Display Settings**
383 +|Point|Draw > [[**Point**>>path:#_Draw_Menu_Commands]]|//Settings > Drawing > Param//, “//Current layer//”
384 +|Line|Draw > [[**Line**>>path:#_Draw_Menu_Commands]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//,
385 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
386 +|Rectangle|Draw > [[**Rectangle**>>path:#_Draw_Menu_Commands]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//,
387 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
388 +|Arc|Draw > [[**Arc**>>path:#_Draw_Menu_Commands]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//,
389 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
390 +|Circle|[[image:image-20200318111506-5.png]] Draw > [[**Circle**>>path:#_Draw_Menu_Commands]]|“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
391 +|Region|Draw > [[**Region**>>path:#Region_table]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//,
392 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
393 +|Solid|Draw > [[**Solid**>>path:#Solid_table]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//,
394 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”
395 +|Text|Draw > [[**Text**>>path:#Text_table]]|//Text //tool// > Default settings//,
396 +|Field|[[image:image-20200318111506-9.png]] Draw > [[**Field**>>path:#Field]]|//Field //tool// > Default settings//
397 +|Dimension|Draw > [[**Dimension**>>path:#Dimension_table]]|//Dimension// tool //> Default settings//, “//Current style//”
398 +|Title information table|(((
399 +Draw > [[**Title information table**>>path:#Title_info_table]]
400 +
401 +
402 +
403 +)))|(((
404 +//Text //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current style//”,
405 +
406 +//Settings > Title//, “//Current layer//” (! Object layer)
407 +
408 +
409 +)))
410 +
411 +
412 +Table: Drawing elements
413 +
414 +
415 +
416 +==== Objects ====
417 +
418 +
419 +|Type|**Command**|**Property and Display Settings**
420 +|Axis|, [[image:image-20200318111506-12.png]] [[**Axis**>>path:#_Axis]]|//Axis //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
421 +|Storey|, [[ **Storey**>>path:#_Storey]]|//Storey //tool// > Default settings//
422 +|Soil|, [[**Soil**>>path:#_Soil]]|(% rowspan="2" %)(((
423 +//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Soil //tool// > Default//
424 +
425 +//settings//
426 +)))
427 +| |
428 +|Borehole|, [[image:image-20200318111506-18.png]] **// //**[[**Borehole**>>path:#_Borehole]]|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Borehole //tool// > Default//
429 +| | |//settings//
430 +|Isolated|, **// //**[[**Isolated foundation**>>path:#_Isolated_foundation]]|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Isolated foundation //
431 +|foundation| |tool// > Default settings//
432 +|Wall|, [[**Wall foundation**>>path:#_Wall_foundation]]|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Wall foundation //
433 +|foundation| |tool// > Default settings//
434 +|Foundation|, [[**Foundation slab**>>path:#_Foundation_slab]]|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Foundation slab //
435 +|slab| |tool// > Default settings//
436 +|Beam|, [[ **Beam**>>path:#_Beam]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//
437 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Beam //tool //> Default settings//
438 +|Column|, [[**Column**>>path:#_Column]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//,
439 +| | |“//Current layer//”, //Column //tool //> Default settings//
440 +|Intermediate|[[image:image-20200318111506-29.png]] ,[[image:image-20200318111506-30.png]] [[**Intermediate section**>>path:#_Intermediate_section]]|//Intermediate section// tool > //Default settings Drawing elements//
441 +|section| |and //Bar//
442 +|Apex|, [[**Apex**>>path:#_Apex]]|//Apex //tool > //Default settings//
443 +
444 +
445 +
446 +|Corbel|, [[**Corbel**>>path:#_Corbel]]|(((
447 +//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//
448 +
449 +//Corbel tool > Default settings//
450 +)))
451 +|Truss member|, [[**Truss member**>>path:#_Truss_Member]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//,
452 +| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Truss member //tool //> Default settings//
453 +|Plate|[[image:image-20200318111507-37.png]] , [[**Plate**>>path:#_Plate]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
454 +| | |“//Current layer//”, //Plate //tool //> Default settings//
455 +|Wall|, [[image:image-20200318111507-40.png]] [[**Wall**>>path:#_Wall]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
456 +| | |“//Current layer//”, //Wall //tool //> Default settings//
457 +|Profiled panel|, [[**Profiled panel**>>path:#_Profiled_panel]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
458 +| | |“//Current layer//”, //Profiled panel //tool //> Default settings//
459 +|Timber panel|[[image:image-20200318111507-43.png]] , [[**Timber panel**>>path:#_Timber_Panel]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
460 +| | |//Timber panel //tool //> Default settings//
461 +|Support|, ,|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Support//,
462 +| |[[**Supports**>>path:#_Supports_and_Connections]]|//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Support// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
463 +|Connection|, [[image:image-20200318111507-48.png]] , [[**Connections**>>path:#_Connection_Objects]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Connections//,
464 +| | |//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Connection// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
465 +|Fictitious bar|, , [[**Fictitious bar**>>path:#_Fictitious_Bar]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current layer//”
466 +| | |//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, //Fictitious bar //tool //> Default settings//
467 +|Fictitious shell|, ,** **[[**Fictitious shell**>>path:#_Fictitious_shell]]|
468 +|Load|, [[image:image-20200318111507-54.png]] ,|//Settings > Display > Load//, “//Current layer//”,
469 +| |[[**Loads**>>path:#_Loads]]|Load tools //> Default settings//,
470 +|Finite element|, [[**Finite element tools**>>path:#_Finite_Element_Mesh]]|//Settings > Display > Mesh//, “//Current layer//”,
471 +| | |//Settings > FEM > Mesh //and //Calculation//
472 +|RC bar|,|//Settings > Display > Design//, //“Current layer”//,
473 +| |[[**Auto design**>>path:#_RC_Design]]**// //**and [[**Manual design**>>path:#_RC_Design]]|//Auto design// and //Manual design// tools //> Default settings//
474 +|Steel bar|, ,|“//Current layer//”
475 +|stiffener|[[**Steel bar stiffener**>>path:#_Initial_Calculation_and]]|
476 +
477 +Table: Objects
478 +
479 +
480 +=== Layers ===
481 +
482 +
483 +The FEM-Design
484 +
485 +The FEM-Design layer-system helps you to work in a well-organized way in drawings and in models while constructing and documenting. The layers can be considered as transparent papers put on top of each other will seem to be one drawing. All layers can be reached in a dialog appears by pressing the [[**Current layer**>>path:#Current_layer]] button.
486 +
487 +==== Layer Types ====
488 +
489 +
490 +Regarding the [[**element types**>>path:#_Element_Types]] there are two main layer types: “//Drawing//” and “//Objects//”.
491 +
492 +
493 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.png]]
494 +
495 +Figure: “Drawing” and “Objects” layers
496 +
497 +“**//Drawing//**” layer contains all drawing elements defined by the //Draw// menu commands or generated from [[**DWG and DXF imports**.>>path:#_CAD_Drawing_Import/Export]] //Drawing// layers can be renamed and erased, and their colors and states can be edited. Only the default “//0//” layer cannot be deleted and edited. At the same time only one drawing layer called “Current” can be used for drawing. The name of the “Current” layer is appears on the //Current layer //button. The “//DIM//” layer is a special drawing layer for the dimensions. It is automatically created by using the [[**Dimension**>>path:#_Dimension]] command (//Draw// menu). ”//Drawing” Layers// can be excluded from the [[**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]] by dechecking the „//No snap//” option in the Sn column.
498 +
499 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.png]]
500 +
501 +Figure: „No snap” option
502 +
503 +“**//Objects//**” layers are built-in layers for objects like plate, wall, column, supports, loads etc. Each object type has an own layer (e.g. walls are displayed on the “//Wall//” object layer). //Objects// layers are not allowed to be deleted and renamed, but their states and the display colors and pen width of objects can be edited. ”//Objects” Layers// can also be excluded from the [[**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]] by checking the „//No snap//” option.
504 +
505 +
506 +==== Layer Status ====
507 +
508 +
509 +|Layer Status|**Symbol**|**Function**
510 +|Hidden|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.png||alt="icon_layer_hidden"]]|The layer content is hidden in graphic windows
511 +|Protected|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.png||alt="icon_layer_protected"]]|The layer content is visible, but protected from editing
512 +|Active|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image006.png||alt="icon_layer_active"]]|The layer content is visible and editable in graphic windows
513 +
514 +Table: Layer status
515 +
516 +
517 +In Layers dialog changing the layer status is real-time, which means that the selected active (hidden) drawing or object layers become hidden (active) without closing the dialog.
518 +
519 +==== Editing Layers ====
520 +
521 +
522 +|Tool|**Function**|**Available for layer type**
523 +|Make current|Sets selected layer to be the current one|Drawing
524 +|New…|Creates new layer in the available layer list|Drawing
525 +|Delete|(((
526 +Deletes the selected layer from the layer list
527 +
528 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image007.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **Delete function cannot be undone
529 +
530 +All elements will be erased of a deleted layer
531 +)))|Drawing
532 +|Clear|(((
533 +Removes all elements of the selected layer
534 +
535 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image007.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **Clear function cannot be undone
536 +)))|Drawing
537 +|Color|(((
538 +Modifies the current color of the selected layer
539 +
540 +Defines the current drawing color
541 +
542 +Defines the display color of Objects
543 +
544 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **Color can be modified by elements with
545 +
546 +// //[[**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
547 +)))|(((
548 +Drawing, Objects
549 +
550 +Drawing
551 +
552 +Objects
553 +)))
554 +|Pen|(((
555 +Sets the pen width assigned to the selected layer
556 +
557 +Defines the current drawing pen width
558 +
559 +Defines the display pen width of Objects
560 +
561 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **Pen width can be modified by elements with
562 +
563 +// //[[**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
564 +)))|(((
565 +Drawing, Objects
566 +
567 +Drawing
568 +
569 +Objects
570 +)))
571 +|Save>|Save the current settings for the layers|Objects
572 +|Load>|Restore saved layer settings|Objects
573 +|Delete>|Delete saved settings|Objects
574 +
575 +Table: Editing layers
576 +
577 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image009.png||alt="egerpad%20copy"]] The full content of an //Objects// layer can be erased with //Tools > Delete all//. The objects deleted with //Delete all //can be restored with //Edit > Undo//. //Delete all// erases the objects of protected layers too!
578 +
579 +
580 +
581 +=== Co-ordinate Systems ===
582 +
583 +
584 +Various co-ordinate systems are available in FEM-Design with different function, properties and display settings.
585 +
586 +| |(((
587 +**Global co-ordinate**
588 +
589 +**system**
590 +)))|(((
591 +**User-defined co-ordinate**
592 +
593 +**System (UCS)**
594 +)))|(((
595 +**Local co-ordinate**
596 +
597 +**System**
598 +)))
599 +|Function|(((
600 +Definition of co-ordinates
601 +
602 +Definition of directions
603 +
604 +Interpretation of results
605 +
606 +-
607 +)))|(((
608 +Definition of co-ordinates
609 +
610 +Definition of directions
611 +
612 +-
613 +
614 +-
615 +)))|(((
616 +-
617 +
618 +Definition of directions
619 +
620 +Interpretation of results
621 +
622 +Definition of profiles
623 +)))
624 +|Type|Right-handed Cartesian|Right-handed Cartesian|(((
625 +Each structural object has got
626 +
627 +Its own right-handed Cartesian
628 +
629 +co-ordinate system
630 +)))
631 +|Axes|X, Y, Z|X, Y, (Z)|x’, y’, z’
632 +|Symbol|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image010.png||alt="symbol_globalcs"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image011.png||alt="symbol_ucs"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image012.png||alt="symbol_localcsbeam"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image013.png||alt="symbol_localcssurface"]]
633 +|Symbol color|(((
634 +Fixed 3 colors,
635 +
636 +X = green
637 +
638 +Y = red
639 +
640 +Z = blue
641 +)))|(((
642 +Fixed 2 colors,
643 +
644 +X = cyan
645 +
646 +Y = orange
647 +)))|(((
648 +User-defined 3 colors,
649 +
650 +//Settings > All >//
651 +
652 +//Display > Local systems//
653 +)))
654 +|Position|Fixed|(((
655 +User-defined:
656 +
657 +- //View > UCS//
658 +
659 +- [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="icon_insert"]] moves the origin to the
660 +
661 + position of the cross-hair cursor
662 +
663 +- [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image015.png||alt="icon_Shift"]] + [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="icon_insert"]] moves origin
664 +
665 + back to the origin of the Global
666 +
667 + system
668 +)))|Fixed for an object
669 +|Direction|Fixed|(((
670 +User-defined:
671 +
672 +- //View > UCS//
673 +
674 +- [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image015.png||alt="icon_Shift"]] + [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="icon_insert"]] resets the
675 +
676 + directions to the original state
677 +)))|(((
678 +Changeable:
679 +
680 +//Edit > Change direction//
681 +)))
682 +|Show/Hide|(((
683 +//Settings > All > Window >//
684 +
685 +//Co-ordinate systems//
686 +)))|(((
687 +//Settings > All > Window >//
688 +
689 +//Co-ordinate systems//
690 +)))|(((
691 +By element types:
692 +
693 +//Settings > All > Display//
694 +)))
695 +|Symbol size|(((
696 +//Settings > All > Window >//
697 +
698 +//Co-ordinate systems//
699 +)))|(((
700 +//Settings > All > Window >//
701 +
702 +//Co-ordinate systems//
703 +)))|(((
704 +By elements types:
705 +
706 +//Settings > All > Display//
707 +)))
708 +
709 +Table: Co-ordinate systems
710 +
711 +//User-defined co-ordinate system// (//UCS//) is developed in order to easily define coordinates and directions in a 2D user-defined [[**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]].
712 +
713 +
714 +
715 +=== Point Definition with Co-ordinates ===
716 +
717 +
718 +Points can be defined with their co-ordinates in [[**Descartes**>>path:#_Descartes_Orthogonal_Co-ordinate]] or [[**Cylindrical co-ordinate systems**>>path:#_Cylindrical_Co-ordinate_System]].
719 +
720 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image016.png||alt="co-ordinates Cylindrical.png"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image017.png||alt="co-ordinates Descartes.png"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image018.png||alt="csystempoint copy.png"]]
721 +
722 +Figure: Co-ordinate system types for point definition
723 +
724 +
725 +Point co-ordinates can be defined in various unit types available at [[**Settings > Units**>>path:#Units_dialog]] (//Length// and //Angle//).
726 +
727 +The crosshair cursor position can be displayed on the [[**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]] in the //Descartes// or in the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate system by clicking the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image019.png||alt="icon_COORD"]] symbol of the //Co-ordinate box//.
728 +
729 +==== Descartes Orthogonal Co-ordinate System ====
730 +
731 +(Cartesian co-ordinate system)
732 +
733 +The individual co-ordinates represent the distance of the point from the origin of the orthogonal co-ordinate system (**//absolute//**) or from a previously defined point (**//relative//**) measured along X, Y and Z axes. //Cartesian co-ordinate system//** **is available for co-ordinate definition both in the //Global co-ordinate// and the //UCS// //systems//.
734 +
735 +==== Cylindrical Co-ordinate System ====
736 +
737 +(Polar co-ordinate system)
738 +
739 +Point is defined by three components: an angle (a1) and two distances (d1 and d2). The a1 and d1 co-ordinates define the point position in the XY plane of the //Global co-ordinate// and the //UCS// //systems//, d2 sets the distance from the XY plane. The angle and the distances can be given from the origin of the co-ordinate systems (**//absolute//**) or from a previously defined point (**//relative//**).
740 +
741 +==== Co-ordinate Definition Modes ====
742 +
743 +
744 +Point co-ordinates can be defined by typing them in the //Command line// or the**// //**//Co-ordinate box// of the [[**Status Bar**,>>path:#_Status_Bar]] or just by mouse-clicking combined with the [[**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]] in the drawing area or in special points.
745 +
746 +==== Absolute co-ordinate definition ====
747 +
748 +Co-ordinates of a point are defined as distances/positions from a co-ordinate system origin.
749 +
750 +
751 +
752 +|(((
753 +**Command line**
754 +)))
755 +
756 +|(((
757 +**Co-ordinate box**
758 +)))
759 +
760 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image020.png||alt="Absolute co-ordinates given in Command line and Co-ordinate box.png"]]
761 +
762 +
763 +Figure: Absolute co-ordinates given in Command line and Co-ordinate box
764 +
765 +
766 +
767 +| |(% colspan="2" %)**Descartes Orthogonal System**|(% colspan="2" %)**Cylindrical co-ordinate system**
768 +| |(((
769 +**Global co-ordinate**
770 +
771 +**system**
772 +)))|(((
773 +**UCS**
774 +
775 +**system**
776 +)))|(((
777 +**Global co-ordinate**
778 +
779 +**system**
780 +)))|(((
781 +**UCS**
782 +
783 +**system**
784 +)))
785 +| |(% colspan="4" %)**2D**
786 +|Command line|-|(((
787 +X_Y or X,Y
788 +
789 +
790 +Example:
791 +
792 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image021.png||alt="figure_commandlineDESCAR"]]
793 +)))|-|(((
794 +P_a1_d1
795 +
796 +
797 +Example:
798 +
799 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image022.png||alt="figure_commandlinePOLAR"]]
800 +)))
801 +|Co-ordinate box|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image023.png||alt="COORD- 2D Des-model.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image024.png||alt="COORD- 2D Des-UCS.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image025.png||alt="COORD- 2D Cyl-model.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image026.png||alt="COORD- 2D Cyl-UCS.png"]]
802 +| |(% colspan="4" %)**3D**
803 +|Command line|-|(((
804 +X_Y_Z or X,Y,Z
805 +
806 +
807 +Example:
808 +
809 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="figure_commandlineDESCAR3d"]]
810 +)))|-|(((
811 +P_a1_d1_d2
812 +
813 +
814 +Example:
815 +
816 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image028.png||alt="figure_commandlinePOLAR3d"]]
817 +)))
818 +|Co-ordinate box|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image029.png||alt="COORD- 3D Des-Model.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image030.png||alt="COORD- 3D Des-UCS.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image031.png||alt="COORD- 3D Cyl-Model.png"]]|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image032.png||alt="COORD- 3D Cyl-UCS.png"]]
819 +
820 +
821 +Table: Absolute co-ordinate definition modes
822 +
823 +
824 +
825 +**Rules of co-ordinate definition:**
826 +
827 +* Co-ordinates given in //Command line// are valid only in //UCS//. But, if the //UCS// and //Global system// are in the same position (same origin and same axis directions), the defined point will be in the similar position in both two systems.
828 +* Decimal point has to be defined as “. ” and not “,”.
829 +* If you do not give Z value in the 3D modules, its value will be automatically zero.
830 +
831 +
832 +==== Relative co-ordinate definition ====
833 +
834 +
835 +There are three ways to define a point with given distance from another point (called “relative co-ordinates”).
836 +
837 +Relative coordinates can be defined both in the //Descartes// and the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate systems and both in the //Global// and the //UCS// systems.
838 +
839 +**Relative (A): Distance from the last defined point**
840 +
841 +Distance from the last point can be defined in the //Command line// or with the //Co-ordinate box//. This mode is useful while creating line/polyline/polygon/surface with the distance from the start/previous point.
842 +
843 +|Steps|**Command Line**|**Co-ordinate box**
844 +|1|(% colspan="2" %)Define the start/previous point
845 +|2|(% colspan="2" %)**2D**
846 +| |(((
847 +Type the distance co-ordinates as:
848 +
849 +R_X_Y or @X,Y
850 +
851 +
852 +
853 +
854 +
855 +Example:
856 +
857 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image033.png||alt="figure_commandlineREL2D"]]
858 +)))|(((
859 +Launch the //Co-ordinate box// dialog, change //Origin// to Last point, and give the distance co-ordinates.
860 +
861 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image034.png||alt="icon_LastPoint"]]
862 +
863 +Example:
864 +
865 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image035.png||alt="CORDINATES.png"]]
866 +)))
867 +| |(% colspan="2" %)**3D**
868 +| |(((
869 +Type the distance co-ordinates as:
870 +
871 +R_X_Y_Z or @X,Y,Z
872 +
873 +
874 +
875 +
876 +
877 +Example:
878 +
879 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image036.png||alt="figure_commandlineREL3D"]]
880 +)))|(((
881 +Launch the //Co-ordinate box// dialog, change //Origin// to Last point, and give the distance co-ordinates.
882 +
883 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image034.png||alt="icon_LastPoint"]]
884 +
885 +Example:
886 +
887 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image037.png||alt="COORDINATES1.png"]]
888 +)))
889 +
890 +Table: Relative (A) co-ordinate definition modes
891 +
892 +
893 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image038.png||alt="relativeA.png"]]
894 +
895 +Figure: Meaning of Relative (A) way in case of beam and plate definition
896 +
897 +**Relative (B): Distance from a selected point**
898 +
899 +With the help of function key [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image039.png||alt="icon_F12"]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be defined from the point on which the cross-hair cursor is left. The steps of definition:
900 +
901 +1. Leave the cursor above the required point found by one of the [[**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]], which you would like to define the distance from.
902 +1. Click [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image039.png||alt="icon_F12"]] function key.
903 +1. Set the distance co-ordinates in the //Co-ordinate dialog// according to a selected co-ordinate system.
904 +
905 +
906 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image040.png||alt="relativeB.png"]]
907 +
908 +Figure: Column definition with the distance from a slab corner or from a beam endpoint (Relative (B) way)
909 +
910 +**Relative (C): Point defined on line/edge with the distance from the end point**
911 +
912 +With the help of function key [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image041.png||alt="icon_F11"]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be placed accurately on a line/edge defined with a given distance from the closer end point of the line/edge. The steps of definition:
913 +
914 +1. Leave the cursor above the required line/edge found and next to its end point you would like to define the distance from. The [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image042.png||alt="icon_nearestRaster"]] [[**“Nearest” Object snap tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]]**// //**helps you to find the line/edge.
915 +1. Click [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image041.png||alt="icon_F11"]] function key.
916 +1. Set the distance (d) from the closer end-point you left the cursor in the appeared dialog box.
917 +
918 +
919 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image043.png||alt="relativeC.png"]]
920 +
921 +Figure: Column definition on a beam by using the Relative (C) definition mode
922 +
923 +==== Calculator ====
924 +
925 +If you press [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image044.png||alt="icon_c key"]] while defining numeric values in a field of a dialog box, the Windows //Calculator// comes up. It is automatically filled with the content of the edit box. When you close the //Calculator//, the value calculated or typed in it will be written into the numeric field. It can be used with both //Normal// and //Scientific// views of the //Calculator//.
926 +
927 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image045.png||alt="calculator.png"]]
928 +
929 +Figure: Calculator used in numeric fields of dialog boxes
930 +
931 += Working Plane =
932 +
933 +The default working plane
934 +
935 +
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