<
From version < 144.1 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/18 12:48
To version < 145.1 >
edited by Fredrik Lagerström
on 2020/03/18 12:57
>
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... ... @@ -181,7 +181,6 @@
181 181  For more information about the graphic engine read the Remarks.
182 182  )))
183 183  
184 -
185 185  |(% style="width:99px" %)[[image:warning.png]]|(% style="width:1351px" %)(((
186 186  If you have any rendering problem with the default graphic engine, apply the other one. In case of further troubles, download the latest driver of your graphic card.
187 187  
... ... @@ -211,7 +211,7 @@
211 211  
212 212  == Drawing ==
213 213  
214 -//Title// dialog allows the user to specify the content of drawing title block (//Draw > //**Title information table**) and the header title of printing (//File > Print//). //Project//, //Description//, //Designer//, //Signature// and //Comments// attributes are autotexts. That means, modifying their content updates all titles used in the current project. These five title attributes can be used in documentation and reinforcement list templates with the help of [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Field**>>path:#Field]](%%)**// //**tool (//Draw// menu).
213 +//Title// dialog allows the user to specify the content of drawing title block (//Draw > //**Title information table**) and the header title of printing (//File > Print//). //Project//, //Description//, //Designer//, //Signature// and //Comments// attributes are autotexts. That means, modifying their content updates all titles used in the current project. These five title attributes can be used in documentation and reinforcement list templates with the help of [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Field**>>path:#Field]](%%)**// //**tool (//Draw// menu).
215 215  
216 216  [[image:1584527715406-518.png]] [[image:1584527732558-607.png]]
217 217  
... ... @@ -381,69 +381,67 @@
381 381  
382 382  
383 383  |=(% scope="row" %)Type|=Tab|=Icon|=**Command**|=**Property and Display Settings**
384 -|=Axis|[[image:1584530896455-165.png]]|[[image:image-20200318111506-12.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Axis|//Axis //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
385 -|=Storey|[[image:1584530899061-989.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Storey|//Storey //tool// > Default settings//
386 -|=Soil|[[image:1584530902100-741.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Soil|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Soil //tool// > Default settings//
387 -|=Borehole|[[image:1584531067210-578.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Borehole|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Borehole //tool// > Default settings//
388 -|=Isolated|[[image:1584531068523-680.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Isolated foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Isolated foundation //
389 -|=foundation|[[image:1584531069674-271.png]]| | |tool// > Default settings//
390 -|=Wall|[[image:1584531071082-678.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Wall foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Wall foundation //
391 -|=foundation|[[image:1584531072477-251.png]]| | |tool// > Default settings//
392 -|=Foundation|[[image:1584531074838-177.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Foundation slab|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Foundation slab //
393 -|=slab| | | |tool// > Default settings//
394 -|=Beam|[[image:1584531075798-160.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Beam|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//
395 -|= | | | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Beam //tool //> Default settings//
396 -|=Column|[[image:1584531076967-356.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Column|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//,
397 -|= | | | |“//Current layer//”, //Column //tool //> Default settings//
398 -|=Intermediate|[[image:1584531079935-875.png]]| |(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Intermediate section|//Intermediate section// tool > //Default settings Drawing elements//
399 -|=section| | | |and //Bar//
400 -|=Apex|[[image:1584531085014-657.png]]| |, (% class="wikiinternallink" %)Apex|//Apex //tool > //Default settings//
383 +|=Axis|[[image:1584530896455-165.png]]|[[image:1584531288473-843.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Axis|//Axis //tool// > Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
384 +|=Storey|[[image:1584530899061-989.png]]|[[image:1584531275835-603.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Storey|//Storey //tool// > Default settings//
385 +|=Soil|[[image:1584530902100-741.png]]|[[image:1584531282163-547.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Soil|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Soil //tool// > Default settings//
386 +|=Borehole|[[image:1584531067210-578.png]]|[[image:1584531295239-172.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Borehole|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Borehole //tool// > Default settings//
387 +|=Isolated foundation|[[image:1584531068523-680.png]]|[[image:1584531302008-620.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Isolated foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Isolated foundation //tool// > Default settings//
388 +|=Wall foundation|[[image:1584531071082-678.png]]|[[image:1584531309451-398.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Wall foundation|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Wall foundation //tool// > Default settings//
389 +|=Foundation slab|[[image:1584531074838-177.png]]|[[image:1584531315796-764.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Foundation slab|//Settings > Display >Soil and foundation, Foundation slab //tool// > Default settings//
390 +|=Beam|[[image:1584531075798-160.png]]|[[image:1584531338924-338.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Beam|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar //“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Beam //tool //> Default settings//
391 +|=Column|[[image:1584531076967-356.png]]|[[image:1584531358355-426.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Column|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//, “//Current layer//”, //Column //tool //> Default settings//
392 +|=Intermediate section|[[image:1584531079935-875.png]]|[[image:1584531365819-206.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Intermediate section|//Intermediate section// tool > //Default settings Drawing elements //and //Bar//
393 +|=Apex|[[image:1584531085014-657.png]]|[[image:1584531374092-590.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink" %)Apex|//Apex //tool > //Default settings//
394 +|=Corbel|[[image:1584531712289-369.png]]|[[image:1584531975436-899.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Corbel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar Corbel tool > Default settings//
395 +|=Truss member|[[image:1584531714365-559.png]]|[[image:1584531953482-712.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Truss member|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//, “//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Truss member //tool //> Default settings//
396 +|=Plate|[[image:1584531728971-744.png]]|[[image:1584531960399-406.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Plate|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Plate //tool //> Default settings//
397 +|=Wall|[[image:1584531716300-788.png]]|[[image:1584531991203-684.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Wall|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Wall //tool //> Default settings//
398 +|=Profiled panel|[[image:1584531885978-255.png]]|[[image:1584531998246-816.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Profiled panel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, “//Current layer//”, //Profiled panel //tool //> Default settings//
399 +|=Timber panel|[[image:1584531893595-274.png]]|[[image:1584532006720-889.png]]|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Timber panel|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//, //Timber panel //tool //> Default settings//
400 +|=Support|[[image:1584531891614-145.png]]|[[image:1584532016044-779.png]]| |
401 +|=Connection|[[image:1584531890108-578.png]]|[[image:1584532023208-680.png]]| |
402 +|=Fictitious bar|[[image:1584531888730-869.png]]|[[image:1584532030311-528.png]]| |
403 +|=Fictitious shell|[[image:1584531888730-869.png]]|[[image:1584532074798-170.png]]| |
404 +|=Load|[[image:1584531901451-438.png]]|[[image:1584532082293-908.png]]| |
405 +|=Finite element|[[image:1584531912082-171.png]]| | |
406 +|=RC bar|[[image:1584531918892-233.png]]|[[image:1584532090389-520.png]]| |
407 +|=Steel bar stiffener|[[image:1584531934519-836.png]]|[[image:1584532097404-173.png]]| |
401 401  
402 -|Corbel|, [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Corbel**>>path:#_Corbel]]|(((
403 -//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//
409 +|Support|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Supports|(((
410 +//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Support//,
404 404  
405 -//Corbel tool > Default settings//
412 +//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Support// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
406 406  )))
407 -|Truss member|, [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Truss member**>>path:#_Truss_Member]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Bar//,
408 -| | |“//Current style//”, “//Current layer//”, //Truss member //tool //> Default settings//
409 -|Plate|[[image:image-20200318111507-37.png]] , [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Plate**>>path:#_Plate]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
410 -| | |“//Current layer//”, //Plate //tool //> Default settings//
411 -|Wall|, [[image:image-20200318111507-40.png]] [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Wall**>>path:#_Wall]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
412 -| | |“//Current layer//”, //Wall //tool //> Default settings//
413 -|Profiled panel|, [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Profiled panel**>>path:#_Profiled_panel]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
414 -| | |“//Current layer//”, //Profiled panel //tool //> Default settings//
415 -|Timber panel|[[image:image-20200318111507-43.png]] , [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Timber panel**>>path:#_Timber_Panel]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Shell//,
416 -| | |//Timber panel //tool //> Default settings//
417 -|Support|, ,|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Support//,
418 -| |[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Supports**>>path:#_Supports_and_Connections]]|//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Support// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
419 -|Connection|, [[image:image-20200318111507-48.png]] , [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Connections**>>path:#_Connection_Objects]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Connections//,
414 +|Connection|, , (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Connections|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements// and //Connections//,
420 420  | | |//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, Connection// //tools //> Default settings//, “//Current layer//”
421 -|Fictitious bar|, , [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Fictitious bar**>>path:#_Fictitious_Bar]]|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current layer//”
416 +|Fictitious bar|, , (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Fictitious bar|//Settings > Display > Drawing elements//, “//Current layer//”
422 422  | | |//Settings > FEM > “Rigid” values//, //Fictitious bar //tool //> Default settings//
423 -|Fictitious shell|, ,** **[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Fictitious shell**>>path:#_Fictitious_shell]]|
424 -|Load|, [[image:image-20200318111507-54.png]] ,|//Settings > Display > Load//, “//Current layer//”,
425 -| |[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Loads**>>path:#_Loads]]|Load tools //> Default settings//,
426 -|Finite element|, [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Finite element tools**>>path:#_Finite_Element_Mesh]]|//Settings > Display > Mesh//, “//Current layer//”,
418 +|Fictitious shell|, , (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Fictitious shell|
419 +|Load|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Loads|(((
420 +//Settings > Display > Load//, “//Current layer//”,
421 +
422 +Load tools //> Default settings//,
423 +)))
424 +|Finite element|, (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Finite element tools|//Settings > Display > Mesh//, “//Current layer//”,
427 427  | | |//Settings > FEM > Mesh //and //Calculation//
428 428  |RC bar|,|//Settings > Display > Design//, //“Current layer”//,
429 -| |[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Auto design**>>path:#_RC_Design]](%%)**// //**and [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Manual design**>>path:#_RC_Design]]|//Auto design// and //Manual design// tools //> Default settings//
430 -|Steel bar|, ,|“//Current layer//”
431 -|stiffener|[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Steel bar stiffener**>>path:#_Initial_Calculation_and]]|
427 +| |(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Auto design(%%)// //and (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Manual design|//Auto design// and //Manual design// tools //> Default settings //“//Current layer//”
428 +|Steel bar|, ,|
429 +|stiffener|(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)Steel bar stiffener|
432 432  
433 433  Table: Objects
434 434  
433 += Layers =
435 435  
436 -=== Layers ===
437 437  
438 -
439 439  The FEM-Design
440 440  
441 -The FEM-Design layer-system helps you to work in a well-organized way in drawings and in models while constructing and documenting. The layers can be considered as transparent papers put on top of each other will seem to be one drawing. All layers can be reached in a dialog appears by pressing the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Current layer**>>path:#Current_layer]](%%) button.
438 +The FEM-Design layer-system helps you to work in a well-organized way in drawings and in models while constructing and documenting. The layers can be considered as transparent papers put on top of each other will seem to be one drawing. All layers can be reached in a dialog appears by pressing the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Current layer**>>path:#Current_layer]](%%) button.
442 442  
443 443  ==== Layer Types ====
444 444  
445 445  
446 -Regarding the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**element types**>>path:#_Element_Types]](%%) there are two main layer types: “//Drawing//” and “//Objects//”.
443 +Regarding the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**element types**>>path:#_Element_Types]](%%) there are two main layer types: “//Drawing//” and “//Objects//”.
447 447  
448 448  
449 449  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.png]]
... ... @@ -450,13 +450,13 @@
450 450  
451 451  Figure: “Drawing” and “Objects” layers
452 452  
453 -“**//Drawing//**” layer contains all drawing elements defined by the //Draw// menu commands or generated from [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**DWG and DXF imports**.>>path:#_CAD_Drawing_Import/Export]](%%) //Drawing// layers can be renamed and erased, and their colors and states can be edited. Only the default “//0//” layer cannot be deleted and edited. At the same time only one drawing layer called “Current” can be used for drawing. The name of the “Current” layer is appears on the //Current layer //button. The “//DIM//” layer is a special drawing layer for the dimensions. It is automatically created by using the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Dimension**>>path:#_Dimension]](%%) command (//Draw// menu). ”//Drawing” Layers// can be excluded from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) by dechecking the „//No snap//” option in the Sn column.
450 +“**//Drawing//**” layer contains all drawing elements defined by the //Draw// menu commands or generated from [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**DWG and DXF imports**.>>path:#_CAD_Drawing_Import/Export]](%%) //Drawing// layers can be renamed and erased, and their colors and states can be edited. Only the default “//0//” layer cannot be deleted and edited. At the same time only one drawing layer called “Current” can be used for drawing. The name of the “Current” layer is appears on the //Current layer //button. The “//DIM//” layer is a special drawing layer for the dimensions. It is automatically created by using the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Dimension**>>path:#_Dimension]](%%) command (//Draw// menu). ”//Drawing” Layers// can be excluded from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) by dechecking the „//No snap//” option in the Sn column.
454 454  
455 455  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.png]]
456 456  
457 457  Figure: „No snap” option
458 458  
459 -“**//Objects//**” layers are built-in layers for objects like plate, wall, column, supports, loads etc. Each object type has an own layer (e.g. walls are displayed on the “//Wall//” object layer). //Objects// layers are not allowed to be deleted and renamed, but their states and the display colors and pen width of objects can be edited. ”//Objects” Layers// can also be excluded from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) by checking the „//No snap//” option.
456 +“**//Objects//**” layers are built-in layers for objects like plate, wall, column, supports, loads etc. Each object type has an own layer (e.g. walls are displayed on the “//Wall//” object layer). //Objects// layers are not allowed to be deleted and renamed, but their states and the display colors and pen width of objects can be edited. ”//Objects” Layers// can also be excluded from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) by checking the „//No snap//” option.
460 460  
461 461  
462 462  ==== Layer Status ====
... ... @@ -499,7 +499,7 @@
499 499  
500 500  **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **Color can be modified by elements with
501 501  
502 -// //[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
499 +// //[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
503 503  )))|(((
504 504  Drawing, Objects
505 505  
... ... @@ -516,7 +516,7 @@
516 516  
517 517  **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **Pen width can be modified by elements with
518 518  
519 -// //[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
516 +// //[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Edit > Change appearance**>>path:#_Change_appearance]]
520 520  )))|(((
521 521  Drawing, Objects
522 522  
... ... @@ -664,7 +664,7 @@
664 664  
665 665  Table: Co-ordinate systems
666 666  
667 -//User-defined co-ordinate system// (//UCS//) is developed in order to easily define coordinates and directions in a 2D user-defined [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%).
664 +//User-defined co-ordinate system// (//UCS//) is developed in order to easily define coordinates and directions in a 2D user-defined [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%).
668 668  
669 669  
670 670  
... ... @@ -671,7 +671,7 @@
671 671  === Point Definition with Co-ordinates ===
672 672  
673 673  
674 -Points can be defined with their co-ordinates in [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Descartes**>>path:#_Descartes_Orthogonal_Co-ordinate]](%%) or [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Cylindrical co-ordinate systems**>>path:#_Cylindrical_Co-ordinate_System]](%%).
671 +Points can be defined with their co-ordinates in [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Descartes**>>path:#_Descartes_Orthogonal_Co-ordinate]](%%) or [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Cylindrical co-ordinate systems**>>path:#_Cylindrical_Co-ordinate_System]](%%).
675 675  
676 676  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image016.png||alt="co-ordinates Cylindrical.png"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image017.png||alt="co-ordinates Descartes.png"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image018.png||alt="csystempoint copy.png"]]
677 677  
... ... @@ -678,9 +678,9 @@
678 678  Figure: Co-ordinate system types for point definition
679 679  
680 680  
681 -Point co-ordinates can be defined in various unit types available at [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > Units**>>path:#Units_dialog]](%%) (//Length// and //Angle//).
678 +Point co-ordinates can be defined in various unit types available at [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > Units**>>path:#Units_dialog]](%%) (//Length// and //Angle//).
682 682  
683 -The crosshair cursor position can be displayed on the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) in the //Descartes// or in the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate system by clicking the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image019.png||alt="icon_COORD"]] symbol of the //Co-ordinate box//.
680 +The crosshair cursor position can be displayed on the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) in the //Descartes// or in the //Cylindrical// co-ordinate system by clicking the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image019.png||alt="icon_COORD"]] symbol of the //Co-ordinate box//.
684 684  
685 685  ==== Descartes Orthogonal Co-ordinate System ====
686 686  
... ... @@ -697,7 +697,7 @@
697 697  ==== Co-ordinate Definition Modes ====
698 698  
699 699  
700 -Point co-ordinates can be defined by typing them in the //Command line// or the**// //**//Co-ordinate box// of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status Bar**,>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) or just by mouse-clicking combined with the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) in the drawing area or in special points.
697 +Point co-ordinates can be defined by typing them in the //Command line// or the**// //**//Co-ordinate box// of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status Bar**,>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) or just by mouse-clicking combined with the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) in the drawing area or in special points.
701 701  
702 702  ==== Absolute co-ordinate definition ====
703 703  
... ... @@ -852,7 +852,7 @@
852 852  
853 853  With the help of function key [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image039.png||alt="icon_F12"]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be defined from the point on which the cross-hair cursor is left. The steps of definition:
854 854  
855 -1. Leave the cursor above the required point found by one of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%), which you would like to define the distance from.
852 +1. Leave the cursor above the required point found by one of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%), which you would like to define the distance from.
856 856  1. Click [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image039.png||alt="icon_F12"]] function key.
857 857  1. Set the distance co-ordinates in the //Co-ordinate dialog// according to a selected co-ordinate system.
858 858  
... ... @@ -864,7 +864,7 @@
864 864  
865 865  With the help of function key [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image041.png||alt="icon_F11"]] and the //Co-ordinate dialog box//, a point can be placed accurately on a line/edge defined with a given distance from the closer end point of the line/edge. The steps of definition:
866 866  
867 -1. Leave the cursor above the required line/edge found and next to its end point you would like to define the distance from. The [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image042.png||alt="icon_nearestRaster"]] [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Nearest” Object snap tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)**// //**helps you to find the line/edge.
864 +1. Leave the cursor above the required line/edge found and next to its end point you would like to define the distance from. The [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image042.png||alt="icon_nearestRaster"]] [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Nearest” Object snap tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)**// //**helps you to find the line/edge.
868 868  1. Click [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image041.png||alt="icon_F11"]] function key.
869 869  1. Set the distance (d) from the closer end-point you left the cursor in the appeared dialog box.
870 870  
... ... @@ -884,10 +884,10 @@
884 884  
885 885  The default working plane
886 886  
887 -The default working plane – where the points and coordinates are defined – is the following by different [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**FEM-Design modules**.>>path:#_FEM-Design_Modules]]
884 +The default working plane – where the points and coordinates are defined – is the following by different [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**FEM-Design modules**.>>path:#_FEM-Design_Modules]]
888 888  
889 889  |**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.png||alt="icon_PLATEMODULE"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.png||alt="icon_FRAMEMODULE"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.png||alt="icon_3DSTRU"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.png||alt="icon_PREDESIGNMODULE"]]**|**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image006.png||alt="icon_WALLMODULE"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image007.png||alt="icon_PLANESTRAIN"]]**|**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.png||alt="icon_SECTIONEDITOR"]]**
890 -|(% colspan="2" %)Design modules|[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Section Editor**>>path:#_Section_Editor]]
887 +|(% colspan="2" %)Design modules|[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Section Editor**>>path:#_Section_Editor]]
891 891  |Global XY plane|Global XY plane|Global YZ plane
892 892  |(% colspan="2" %)Gravity direction|
893 893  |Global Z direction|Global Y direction|
... ... @@ -894,7 +894,7 @@
894 894  
895 895  Table: The default working plane by FEM-Design Modules
896 896  
897 -As the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**User-Coordinate system**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) defines the working plane, its custom position can be set by the UCS definition tools. The [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image009.png||alt="ucsicon"]] //UCS// command (//View// menu or toolbar) gives different definition ways depending on the applied FEM-Design module.
894 +As the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**User-Coordinate system**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) defines the working plane, its custom position can be set by the UCS definition tools. The [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image009.png||alt="ucsicon"]] //UCS// command (//View// menu or toolbar) gives different definition ways depending on the applied FEM-Design module.
898 898  
899 899  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image010.png||alt="ucscommand"]]
900 900  
... ... @@ -902,8 +902,8 @@
902 902  
903 903  
904 904  |UCS definition tools|**Function**|**Note**
905 -|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image011.png||alt="ucs_axis"]] Axis|Defines vertical working plane by the global Z axis and a selected**// //**[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**axis**>>path:#_Axis]]|Available only in the 3D modules
906 -|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image012.png||alt="ucs_storey"]] Storey|Defines horizontal working plane in the plane of a selected[[ (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**storey**>>path:#_Storey]]|Available only in the 3D modules
902 +|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image011.png||alt="ucs_axis"]] Axis|Defines vertical working plane by the global Z axis and a selected**// //**[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**axis**>>path:#_Axis]]|Available only in the 3D modules
903 +|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image012.png||alt="ucs_storey"]] Storey|Defines horizontal working plane in the plane of a selected[[ (% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**storey**>>path:#_Storey]]|Available only in the 3D modules
907 907  |[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image013.png||alt="ucs_objectplane"]] Object plane|Defines working plane in the plane/reference plane of a selected drawing/structural region|Available in all modules, but it has not effect on the default working plane in 2D modules, where only the position of the origin changes
908 908  |[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image014.png||alt="ucs_3points"]] 3 points|Defines working plane with 3 given points in their common plane|Available in all modules, but it is useful in 3D modules, where the working plane can be set in arbitrary 3D position with 3 arbitrary points
909 909  |[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image015.png||alt="ucs_gxy"]] Global XY plane|Sets the working plane in the global XY plane|Available in all modules, but it has not effect on the default working plane in 2D modules, where only the position of the origin changes
... ... @@ -932,7 +932,7 @@
932 932  
933 933  Figure: Correct model (plane) definition of a 2D frame done in the 3D Frame module
934 934  
935 -The program automatically sets the working plane into the reference plane of a planar element (plate, wall, surface support, surface load etc.), if you use the //Hole// tool to cut [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**hole in a** **structural element**>>path:#_Hole]](%%) or a [[**load**>>url:file://officesrv/strushare/Ricsi/new%20features/Holes#_]].
932 +The program automatically sets the working plane into the reference plane of a planar element (plate, wall, surface support, surface load etc.), if you use the //Hole// tool to cut [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**hole in a** **structural element**>>path:#_Hole]](%%) or a [[**load**>>url:file://officesrv/strushare/Ricsi/new%20features/Holes#_]].
936 936  
937 937  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image023.png||alt="workingplane_hole"]]
938 938  
... ... @@ -942,23 +942,23 @@
942 942  === Grid Systems ===
943 943  
944 944  
945 -The program offers a number of aid tools finding specific points and directions while drawing and editing. These are the //Grid system// and the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%).
942 +The program offers a number of aid tools finding specific points and directions while drawing and editing. These are the //Grid system// and the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap tools**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%).
946 946  
947 947  Two grid systems are available in the program: //Construction grid// and //Snap grid//.
948 948  
949 949  ==== Construction grid ====
950 950  
951 -By default, //Construction grid// is the grid visible in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%). Of course, it can be hidden at the program settings (//Settings > All > Window > Grid//). That grid sets the characteristic sizes of your project.
948 +By default, //Construction grid// is the grid visible in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%). Of course, it can be hidden at the program settings (//Settings > All > Window > Grid//). That grid sets the characteristic sizes of your project.
952 952  
953 953  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image024.png||alt="Construction grid and its settings.png"]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image025.png||alt="grid1.png"]]
954 954  
955 955  Figure: Construction grid and its settings
956 956  
957 -You can snap to the raster points of the //Construction grid// permanently by activating the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image026.png||alt="icon_rasterRaster"]] [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Raster” Object snap tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)**// //**and temporarily by holding down [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] function key. By default, the grid directions are parallel with the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) axis directions, so you can rotate the grid together with the //UCS//.
954 +You can snap to the raster points of the //Construction grid// permanently by activating the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image026.png||alt="icon_rasterRaster"]] [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**“Raster” Object snap tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)**// //**and temporarily by holding down [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] function key. By default, the grid directions are parallel with the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) axis directions, so you can rotate the grid together with the //UCS//.
958 958  
959 959  ==== Snap grid ====
960 960  
961 -Although //Snap grid// is an invisible grid, you can join to its raster points permanently ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Raster tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)) or temporarily [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] as written before at //Construction grid//. The distribution of the grid can be set at //Object snap tools// or at //Settings > All > Window > Snap//. The grid distribution can be set as default for the project/program in the latter setting dialog.
958 +Although //Snap grid// is an invisible grid, you can join to its raster points permanently ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Raster tool**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%)) or temporarily [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] as written before at //Construction grid//. The distribution of the grid can be set at //Object snap tools// or at //Settings > All > Window > Snap//. The grid distribution can be set as default for the project/program in the latter setting dialog.
962 962  
963 963  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image028.png||alt="Snap grid and its settings.png"]]
964 964  
... ... @@ -979,7 +979,7 @@
979 979  === Object Snap Tools ===
980 980  
981 981  
982 -The //Object snap tools// finds and joins to special points of drawing elements and objects. The cursor form changes to the symbol of the actually used //Object snap tool//. A snap tool can be activated permanently by clicking its icon on the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) or checking its box in the //Raster// dialog box. The dialog shows the hotkeys of the snap tools activate the current tool temporarily while holding down the key.
979 +The //Object snap tools// finds and joins to special points of drawing elements and objects. The cursor form changes to the symbol of the actually used //Object snap tool//. A snap tool can be activated permanently by clicking its icon on the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%) or checking its box in the //Raster// dialog box. The dialog shows the hotkeys of the snap tools activate the current tool temporarily while holding down the key.
983 983  
984 984  |(% colspan="2" %)Object snap tool|**Function**|**Hotkey**|**Example**
985 985  |(((
... ... @@ -1029,11 +1029,11 @@
1029 1029  **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image058.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **Snap will not work on objects obscured by other elements (such as surfaces) outside of //Wireframe//.
1030 1030  
1031 1031  
1032 -User can exclude entire Drawing layers from the snapping on its objects. For more information see [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**„No snap” option**>>path:#No_snap_option]](%%).
1029 +User can exclude entire Drawing layers from the snapping on its objects. For more information see [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**„No snap” option**>>path:#No_snap_option]](%%).
1033 1033  
1034 1034  
1035 1035  
1036 -=== Input Devices                                                                                                        ===
1033 +=== Input Devices                                                                                                       ===
1037 1037  
1038 1038  
1039 1039  The following figure summarizes the main keyboard and mouse functions. Of course, these functions, which depend on the current working mode (drawing, editing, selection, documentation or no command is running), are mentioned at the related topics of this user manual.
... ... @@ -1044,21 +1044,21 @@
1044 1044  
1045 1045  From the above displayed buttons, the following ones have special functionalities during drawing/editing:
1046 1046  
1047 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] …[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image060.png||alt="icon_F9"]] Activate temporarily the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) functions.
1044 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="icon_F1"]] …[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image060.png||alt="icon_F9"]] Activate temporarily the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) functions.
1048 1048  
1049 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image061.png||alt="icon_F11"]] Defines point on a line or edge by giving distance from the closest end point ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (C)**>>path:#Point_definition_RelativeC]](%%)).
1046 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image061.png||alt="icon_F11"]] Defines point on a line or edge by giving distance from the closest end point ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (C)**>>path:#Point_definition_RelativeC]](%%)).
1050 1050  
1051 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image062.png||alt="icon_F12"]] Inserts a relative point from the position of the crosshair cursor ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (B)**>>path:#Point_definition_RelativeB]](%%)).
1048 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image062.png||alt="icon_F12"]] Inserts a relative point from the position of the crosshair cursor ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Relative (B)**>>path:#Point_definition_RelativeB]](%%)).
1052 1052  
1053 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image063.png||alt="icon_insert"]] Moves [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) to the position of the crosshair cursor.
1050 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image063.png||alt="icon_insert"]] Moves [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) to the position of the crosshair cursor.
1054 1054  
1055 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image064.png||alt="icon_Shift"]] + [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image063.png||alt="icon_insert"]] Moves UCS back to the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Global co-ordinate system**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) position (original state).
1052 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image064.png||alt="icon_Shift"]] + [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image063.png||alt="icon_insert"]] Moves UCS back to the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Global co-ordinate system**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%) position (original state).
1056 1056  
1057 1057  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image065.png||alt="icon_Esc"]] Pressing 1^^st^^ Esc breaks the current command (e.g. placing a structural element).
1058 1058  
1059 1059  For pressing 2^^nd^^ Esc the active tool palette closes.
1060 1060  
1061 -[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image066.png||alt="icon_pgup"]] Opens the properties dialog ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Default settings**>>path:#_Tool_Palette_and]](%%)) of the current command.
1058 +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image066.png||alt="icon_pgup"]] Opens the properties dialog ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Default settings**>>path:#_Tool_Palette_and]](%%)) of the current command.
1062 1062  
1063 1063  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image067.png||alt="icon_Enter"]] Confirms data input / repeats the last command / finishes multi-selection.
1064 1064  
... ... @@ -1066,13 +1066,13 @@
1066 1066  
1067 1067  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image069.png||alt="icon_Backspace"]] Goes back to previous step in a multi-step command.
1068 1068  
1069 -Some commands can be accessed by hotkeys. See those commands in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Menu bar**>>path:#_Menu_Bar]](%%) or in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Toolbars**>>path:#_Toolbars]](%%).
1066 +Some commands can be accessed by hotkeys. See those commands in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Menu bar**>>path:#_Menu_Bar]](%%) or in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Toolbars**>>path:#_Toolbars]](%%).
1070 1070  
1071 1071  === Selections ===
1072 1072  
1073 1073  **Mouse and keyboard selection**
1074 1074  
1075 -FEM-Design offers various selection modes to select objects for requiring and modifying their properties and for editing. If selection is possible, the available selection modes appear in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Command line**>>path:#Command_line]](%%).
1072 +FEM-Design offers various selection modes to select objects for requiring and modifying their properties and for editing. If selection is possible, the available selection modes appear in the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Command line**>>path:#Command_line]](%%).
1076 1076  
1077 1077  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image070.png||alt="figure_selection modes"]]
1078 1078  
... ... @@ -1116,12 +1116,12 @@
1116 1116  
1117 1117  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image079.jpg]]
1118 1118  
1119 -1.
1116 +1.
1120 1120  11. By ‘right-to-left’ selection (all intersected objects get selected) the colour of the selection box is green.
1121 1121  
1122 1122  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image080.jpg]]
1123 1123  
1124 -1.
1121 +1.
1125 1125  11. By area selection (e.g. to print the selected area) the colour of the selection box is grey.
1126 1126  
1127 1127  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image081.jpg]]
... ... @@ -1159,7 +1159,7 @@
1159 1159  
1160 1160  The program offers
1161 1161  
1162 -The program offers tools for defining special points and directions while drawing and editing. You can reach them from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%).
1159 +The program offers tools for defining special points and directions while drawing and editing. You can reach them from the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Status bar**>>path:#_Status_Bar]](%%).
1163 1163  
1164 1164  |(% colspan="2" %)Object snap tool|**Function**|(% colspan="2" %)**Example**
1165 1165  |Multi steps|[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image001.png||alt="icon_multySPECIAL"]]|Fixes reference points defined by the following tools|(((
... ... @@ -1238,7 +1238,7 @@
1238 1238  
1239 1239  Thanks to the improved video engine, the advantage of all modern displaying technologies such as live pan, live rotation, live zoom, special display modes and transparency (see the next chapter) is available in FEM-Design.
1240 1240  
1241 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image015.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **The suitable graphic engine can be set at [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > All > Environment > General > Graphic engine**.>>path:#_Environment]]
1238 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image015.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **The suitable graphic engine can be set at [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Settings > All > Environment > General > Graphic engine**.>>path:#_Environment]]
1242 1242  
1243 1243  ==== Pan ====
1244 1244  
... ... @@ -1283,7 +1283,7 @@
1283 1283  
1284 1284  Figure: Temporary Orbit
1285 1285  
1286 -Alternatively, you can press [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image030.png||alt="icon_Alt function key"]] together with [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image018.png||alt="figure_wheelMOUSE"]] to orbit around the closest valid snapping point to the cursor; in some cases, this may result in a more predictable orbiting behaviour. Valid snapping points include points specified by the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) tool, or outside //Wireframe// view mode, also the closest surface point to the cursor.
1283 +Alternatively, you can press [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image030.png||alt="icon_Alt function key"]] together with [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image018.png||alt="figure_wheelMOUSE"]] to orbit around the closest valid snapping point to the cursor; in some cases, this may result in a more predictable orbiting behaviour. Valid snapping points include points specified by the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Object Snap**>>path:#_Object_Snap_Tools]](%%) tool, or outside //Wireframe// view mode, also the closest surface point to the cursor.
1287 1287  
1288 1288  
1289 1289  |(((
... ... @@ -1294,7 +1294,6 @@
1294 1294  In other view modes, like //Hidden line,// a point of a surface can be the orbiting centre.
1295 1295  )))
1296 1296  
1297 -
1298 1298  Rotation view can be set in a dialog box too with the command //3D Rotation //(//View //menu).
1299 1299  
1300 1300  
... ... @@ -1314,7 +1314,7 @@
1314 1314  **2D Views**
1315 1315  )))
1316 1316  
1317 - [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image035.png||alt="Rotation by dialog box.png"]]
1313 + [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image035.png||alt="Rotation by dialog box.png"]]
1318 1318  
1319 1319  
1320 1320  Figure: Rotation by dialog box
... ... @@ -1374,11 +1374,11 @@
1374 1374  
1375 1375  **User Co-ordinate System**
1376 1376  
1377 -The section/view plane is set to the X-Y plane of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%). The view direction is always the opposite of the Z axis of the //UCS//.
1373 +The section/view plane is set to the X-Y plane of the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**UCS**>>path:#_Co-ordinate_Systems]](%%). The view direction is always the opposite of the Z axis of the //UCS//.
1378 1378  
1379 1379  **Dialog**
1380 1380  
1381 -With this tool, you can define the position of the section/view plane in a dialog box. At //3D View//, //Dialog// opens [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**3D Rotation**>>path:#threeD_rotation_dialog]](%%).
1377 +With this tool, you can define the position of the section/view plane in a dialog box. At //3D View//, //Dialog// opens [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**3D Rotation**>>path:#threeD_rotation_dialog]](%%).
1382 1382  
1383 1383  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image048.png||alt="figure_viewdialogsVIEW"]]
1384 1384  
... ... @@ -1487,7 +1487,7 @@
1487 1487  
1488 1488  **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image026.wmz||alt="MCj02990090000%5b1%5d"]] **To reset transparency settings to opaque for all elements, set the transparency value to 0% and click **//All//** (!).
1489 1489  
1490 -At solid ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Display thickness**>>path:#display_thickness_chapter]](%%)**// //**switch is on) and [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Hidden line/Shaded**>>path:#_Hiding_Element]](%%) representation of plates/walls, the finite element mesh can be displayed, if transparency is given for the host surface element.
1486 +At solid ([[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Display thickness**>>path:#display_thickness_chapter]](%%)**// //**switch is on) and [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Hidden line/Shaded**>>path:#_Hiding_Element]](%%) representation of plates/walls, the finite element mesh can be displayed, if transparency is given for the host surface element.
1491 1491  
1492 1492  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image012.png]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.png]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image023.png]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image027.png||alt="figure_06_transparency_FE"]]
1493 1493  
... ... @@ -1511,15 +1511,15 @@
1511 1511  
1512 1512  
1513 1513  
1514 --                            [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]]
1510 +-                            [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]]
1515 1515  
1516 1516  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image032.png||alt="axis2.png"]]
1517 1517  
1518 1518  Figure: Working plane defined on an axis by UCS
1519 1519  
1520 --                            **View planes (**[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**2D View and 3D View**>>path:#_Views]](%%)** commands)**
1516 +-                            **View planes (**[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**2D View and 3D View**>>path:#_Views]](%%)** commands)**
1521 1521  
1522 --                            **Project planes (used in the **[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**model transfer between the FEM-Design modules**>>path:#_Model_Exchange_between]](%%)**)**
1518 +-                            **Project planes (used in the **[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**model transfer between the FEM-Design modules**>>path:#_Model_Exchange_between]](%%)**)**
1523 1523  
1524 1524  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image033.png||alt="icon_WALLMODULE"]] //Wall// module can open an axis plane defined in the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image034.png||alt="icon_3DSTRU"]] //3D Structure// model and imports the walls attached to the view.
1525 1525  
... ... @@ -1527,7 +1527,7 @@
1527 1527  
1528 1528  **Definition steps**
1529 1529  
1530 -1. Set the required horizontal [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%) (UCS), where you would like to place axis/axes.
1526 +1. Set the required horizontal [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]](%%) (UCS), where you would like to place axis/axes.
1531 1531  1. Use the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image037.png]] //Define// tool. Define the distribution in the //Multiple axes description// field. If distance is not defined, you can place one axis object as a line on the //UCS// working plane.
1532 1532  
1533 1533  Constant spacing:
... ... @@ -1556,7 +1556,7 @@
1556 1556  
1557 1557  1. Label type (//Number// or //Letter//), starting character (//No/Letter//) and //Prefix// can be defined for the new axis/axis-system in the //Axis// tool palette.
1558 1558  1. Display settings of axis symbols, colors and label can be set at [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image041.png||alt="axis_icon_settings"]] //Default settings//.
1559 -1. An axis or the start axis of a system can be easily defined as a line with 2 points in the working plane. The distribution orientation can be changed by clicking [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image029.png||alt="figure_rightMOUSE"]] before the definition of the axis end point. The program places all axes on the //Axes// [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**>>path:#_Layer_Types]](%%).
1555 +1. An axis or the start axis of a system can be easily defined as a line with 2 points in the working plane. The distribution orientation can be changed by clicking [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image029.png||alt="figure_rightMOUSE"]] before the definition of the axis end point. The program places all axes on the //Axes// [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**>>path:#_Layer_Types]](%%).
1560 1560  
1561 1561  Optional steps:
1562 1562  
... ... @@ -1567,7 +1567,7 @@
1567 1567  
1568 1568  //Stories// (Story objects) have multifunction in the **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image044.png||alt="icon_FRAMEMODULE"]] **//3D Frame//,** **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image034.png||alt="icon_3DSTRU"]] //3D Structure// and **[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image045.png||alt="icon_PREDESIGNMODULE"]] **//PreDesign// modules. They can be used to define different kind of planes:
1569 1569  
1570 --                            [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]]
1566 +-                            [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Working plane**>>path:#_Working_Plane]]
1571 1571  
1572 1572  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image046.png||alt="storey1.png"]]
1573 1573  
... ... @@ -1574,7 +1574,7 @@
1574 1574  Figure: Working plane defined on a storey by UCS
1575 1575  
1576 1576  
1577 --                            **Project planes (used in the **[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**model transfer between the FEM-Design modules**>>path:#_Model_Exchange_between]](%%)**)**
1573 +-                            **Project planes (used in the **[[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**model transfer between the FEM-Design modules**>>path:#_Model_Exchange_between]](%%)**)**
1578 1578  
1579 1579  [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image047.png||alt="icon_PLATEMODULE"]] //Plate// module can open storey defined in the [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image034.png||alt="icon_3DSTRU"]] //3D Structure// model and imports the slabs, the supports and the loads attached to the loaded storey.
1580 1580  
... ... @@ -1588,11 +1588,11 @@
1588 1588  
1589 1589  1. Set the //Horizontal size of the building//. This rectangular size will be the floor plane size of the storey object.
1590 1590  
1591 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image050.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **The horizontal size and the summa height (see later), which define the whole model size, effect the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**>>path:#_Wind_Load_(Automatic)]](%%)**// //**calculation.
1587 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image050.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **The horizontal size and the summa height (see later), which define the whole model size, effect the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**>>path:#_Wind_Load_(Automatic)]](%%)**// //**calculation.
1592 1592  
1593 1593  1. Set the height of the //Ground level //and //Bottommost level//.
1594 1594  
1595 -**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image050.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **//Ground level// also effect to the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**>>path:#_Wind_Load_(Automatic)]](%%)**// //**calculation, because the load values depend on the distance from the foundation level.
1591 +**[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image050.wmz||alt="MCj04113200000%5b1%5d"]] **//Ground level// also effect to the [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**automatic wind load**>>path:#_Wind_Load_(Automatic)]](%%)**// //**calculation, because the load values depend on the distance from the foundation level.
1596 1596  
1597 1597  **Bottommost level**
1598 1598  
... ... @@ -1601,7 +1601,7 @@
1601 1601  1. To define the first storey, set a name for it in the //Storey// cell of the first row, and then give the //Height// of the storey. Then, define further required stories in the same way. You can also edit the level of a storey that automatically updates the story height.
1602 1602  1. Set the display settings (symbol and label size of the level dimensions) at //Properties//.
1603 1603  
1604 -1. Clicking //OK g//enerates and displays the storey-system in the project. The program places all stories on the //Stories// [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**>>path:#_Layer_Types]](%%).
1600 +1. Clicking //OK g//enerates and displays the storey-system in the project. The program places all stories on the //Stories// [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**object layer**>>path:#_Layer_Types]](%%).
1605 1605  
1606 1606  |(((
1607 1607  One storey up; [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image051.png||alt="icon_Alt function key"]] +[[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image052.png||alt="icon_PgUPkey"]]
... ... @@ -1611,7 +1611,7 @@
1611 1611  
1612 1612  )))
1613 1613  
1614 -Creating a storey-system automatically generates view planes by stories. Fast navigation among those storeys can be done with the keyboard or by using [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Select view**>>path:#Select_view_Chapter]](%%):
1610 +Creating a storey-system automatically generates view planes by stories. Fast navigation among those storeys can be done with the keyboard or by using [[(% class="wikiinternallink wikiinternallink wikiinternallink" %)**Select view**>>path:#Select_view_Chapter]](%%):
1615 1615  
1616 1616  
1617 1617  
... ... @@ -1661,7 +1661,6 @@
1661 1661  **New storey**: marked with green
1662 1662  )))
1663 1663  
1664 -
1665 1665  |(((
1666 1666  Original storey system,
1667 1667  
... ... @@ -1688,7 +1688,6 @@
1688 1688  original structure
1689 1689  )))
1690 1690  
1691 -
1692 1692  === Find ===
1693 1693  
1694 1694  “Find” can be used for finding structural and analytical elements with a given ID (A.1), some [[finite elements>>path:#_Element_Types_1]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image065.emz]] , nodes [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image066.emz]] ,.blocks [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image067.emz]] , [[user defined filters>>path:#_User_defined_filter]] [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image068.emz]] ., or global unique identifier (GUID) [[image:file:///C:/Users/Fredrik/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image069.png]] .
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